particle filter Articles

  • On PM 2.5 Filters, Let’s just clear the air between us; ok?

    In the area of a former military building complex in the Chaoyang District of Beijing is a unique and thriving artistic community.  In the middle of this art district, is a strange 7-meter tall tower shaped like an avant-garde metallic pineapple.  Designed by Dutch artist Daan Roosegaarde, it is both an artistic creation and a functional tool meant to test a possible solution for ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • How industrial water filtration can improve efficiency and save you money

    Over the course of the past couple of decades, industrial water filtration has become one of the most important considerations for the average manufacturing facility in North America. These concerns have only increased as water supplies have dwindled and wastewater contamination standards have become more stringent. All of this has led to the need to choose the right industrial water filters and ...


    By Filtra Systems

  • Focus on Microfiltration Part 3: Extending Service Life Using Prefiltration

    Last month we examined filter selection strategies for maximizing service life in continuous use applications.  In this 3rd installment, we will examine the use of prefilters to extend service life. Clarifying liquids with high levels of suspended solids is challenging, especially for applications requiring submicron filtration.  In these applications, filter users who experience ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • Particle removal efficiency of Nano alumina fiber filters

    A 2 nanometer alumina fiber is combined with a microglass fiber to produce a nonwoven filter. Its pore size is 2 microns, yet it is functionally rated at 0.03 microns. Data are presented showing dirt holding capacity and filtration efficiency for particles from 0.001 to 7 microns. The filters have high retention for micron size silica dust, bacteria, virus, DNA/RNA, tannin and latex spheres. ...


    By Argonide Corporation

  • An end to the problem of particle emissions

    Austrian biomass heating systems guarantee an 80% cut in emissions. Recent studies have shown that these modern domestic boilers offer a significant reduction in particles, emitting fewer contaminating agents than previous generation boilers and wood stoves – with more than 100mg / ml of particles. The future will be based on new biomass combustion technology which cuts dust emissions from ...

  • Particle counting as a tool to predict filterability in membrane bioreactors activated sludge?

    Activated sludge quality is one of the major factors influencing flux decline in membrane bioreactors (MBRs). Sludge filterability is a recognized parameter to characterize the physical properties of activated sludge. Decrease in filterability is linked to a higher number of submicron particles. In our present research we studied whether particle counting techniques can be used to indicate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Particle removal in a novel sequential mechanical filter system loaded with blackwater

    A novel sequential mechanical filter system was developed as an alternative primary treatment method for onsite wastewater treatment. The filter combines traditional screening with a novel type of counter-flow filter using wood-shavings as a biodegradable filter matrix. This study tested the system in a batch loading regime simulating high frequency toilet flushing using blackwater from a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simulation of particle capture in a microfiltration membrane

    The present study takes an interest in the description of the fouling mechanisms by a numerical approach at the microscopic scale. At first, an X-ray tomography has enabled the modelling of the membrane structure for the numerical simulations. Next, for different particle size, a same volume of particles has been sent in the modelled membrane and the final permeability has been computed. Thus, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integration of an evolutionary algorithm into the ensemble Kalman filter and the particle filter for hydrologic data assimilation

    Data assimilation (DA) methods continue to evolve in the design of streamflow forecasting procedures. Critical components for efficient DA include accurate description of states, improved model parameterizations, and estimation of the measurement error. Information about these components are usually assumed or rarely incorporated into streamflow forecasting procedures. Knowledge of these ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Straining of colloidal particles in saturated porous media

    Straining may influence the mobility of colloid-sized particles within groundwater aquifers as well as within granular filters that are used in wastewater treatment. We conducted column transport experiments using latex microspheres as the colloids and quartz sand as the porous medium to investigate the response of colloid straining to changes in colloid diameter (dp) and sand grain diameter ...


    By RNAS Remediation Products

  • Recycling of spent filter backwash water using coagulation-assisted membrane filtration: effects of submicrometre particles on membrane flux

    Membrane separation technology has been widely used for recycling of spent filter backwash water (SFBW) in water treatment plant. Membrane filtration performance is subject to characteristics of the particles in the SFBW. A bench-scale microfiltration (MF) coupled with pre-coagulation was set up to evaluate the recovery efficiency of SFBW. Effect of particle size distribution and zeta potential ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Saturated and unsaturated flow through sloped compost filter beds of different particle sizes

    Little is known about the hydraulics of sloped compost beds having active free and non-flowing zones, and used for runoff erosion and volume control, and heavy metal removal. Water sorption tests on yard waste compost indicated that water transfer between the two zones would be slow (6 hr for a 0.04 m rise). The free flowing zone in ≈1 m long sloped (15°) beds increased in depth ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of Tire Derived Rubber Particles for Biofiltration Media

    ABSTRACTCurrently, on average, one tire is discarded in the U.S. for every man woman and child every year. While the reuse market for used tires has increased over the years to approximately 75%, there are still an estimated 2-3 billion used tires stockpiled in the U.S. Finding economical and sustainable end uses for this tire material is an ongoing challenge to environmental engineers and ...

  • Milling filter cakes - Cutting instead of pressing to achieve more uniform particle size

    There are various methods of separating solids from a suspension. These include filtration, centrifuging and drying. In most cases, further processing of the resulting products cannot be carried out directly. They have to be reduced to the right particle size by means of a mill. This can be done with a Gericke Nibbler, which shreds the filter cakes efficiently using a basket and screen assembly. ...


    By Gericke

  • A novel discrete multi-objective particle swarm optimisation (MOPSO) technique for optimal hybrid power filter compensator schemes

    This paper presents a novel algorithm for a discrete search optimisation and an approach to solve the problem of the hybrid power filter compensator with the design of C-type filter and fixed capacitor bank using discrete multi-objective particle swarm optimisation (MOPSO) method. This novel optimisation approach, a multi-objective particle swarm optimisation (MOPSO) method is implemented to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Office Printers Emit Ultra fine particle pollution

    We’ve heard quite a bit about particulate matter PM10s and PM2.5s as components of air pollution that we are exposed to on a daily basis. Recent research papers are highlighting the dangers of ultra fine particles (UFPs), which have a diameter of less than 0.1 micrometres (or 100 nanometres). By contrast, the diameters of particulate pollution from PM10s and ...


    By Commercial Air Filtration

  • Filter backwashing

    Backwashng a drinking water system filter means reversing and increasing the water's flow to flush out accumulated debris and particles. Backwashing is not only vital to the life of a filter, it is fundamental to the quality of water coming out of the filter. Sooner or later, all filters need to be backwashed or ...


    By Entech Design, Inc.

  • Filter aids

    Filter aids are used to assist filtration of colloids, extra fine particles, gel like, and highly compactible materials, which are difficult to be filtered due to low filtrate rate, unacceptable filtrate clarity, high cake moisture content, or serious filter medium clogging. They can be used as “precoat” on the surface of filter media or in conjunction with feeding suspension as ...

  • An effective feature selection approach using hybrid particle swarm optimisation with spectral projected gradient algorithm for an up–flow anaerobic filter

    Wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) helps to overcome water from excessive pollution. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) or biological oxygen demand (BOD) is the measure for the wastewater effluents. Up–flow anaerobic filter (UAF) is used for the removal and digestion of organic matter present in wastewater. In this work, the performance of the UAF with cheese–dairy wastewater was considered for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Combination filters

    Simply defined, a combination filter is one that does at least one other processing job at the same time as filtering a suspension. The classic example, of course, is the packed bed of activated charcoal, which acts as a remover of chemical impurities from the suspension, as well as removing dust particles - although this is actually not a very good example, because it is primarily an adsorber, ...

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