particle sampling Articles

  • Sampling, testing and modeling particle size distribution in urban catch basins

    The study analyzed the particle size distribution of particulate matter (PM) retained in two catch basins located, respectively, near a parking lot and a traffic intersection with common high levels of traffic activity. Also, the treatment performance of a filter medium was evaluated by laboratory testing. The experimental treatment results and the field data were then used as inputs to a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Guide to Measuring Particles in Oil

    Particle counting is a critical aspect of any machine conditioning program and there are many tools out there available to monitor and track the quantity and severity of the contamination, be it due to external contamination or machine wear. The ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Particle Dispersion for Size Analysis

    Panicle size analysis is a vital analytical tool in the pharmaceutical industry. The results can be used to meet safety and quality specifications and provide information for product development and manufacturing. Modern techniques have made determining the particle size of a material quick and convenient, but many factors can influence the quality of data obtained. While particle size analysis ...


    By Particle Technology Labs

  • The Language of Particle Size

    Most practitioners in the pharmaceutical, mining, environmental, paints and coatings, and other fields have reason to know the sizes of particles in a given powder or slurry sample. While many technologies exist to describe that collection of sizes, the reports delivered by those technologies are written in their own vocabulary. This particle size lexicon can convey a tremendous amount of ...


    By Particle Technology Labs

  • Automating oil particle analysis

    Run up to 25 samples at one time The major issue for premature failure in wind turbine gearboxes is bearing failure, which leads to gearbox failure. A wind turbine gearbox will not survive if the oil is ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • A Comparison of Methods to Determine the Particle Size

    There currently exist a multitude of techniques to determine particle size distributions. However, in assessing the particle size distribution (PSD) of solids in a stormwater sample, the number of suitable techniques is considerably reduced due to the limited quantity of solids in a typical stormwater sample. The electrical sensing zone method (ESZ), which utilizes the Coulter Principle, and ...


  • Single-particle analysis and electron tomography

    Both single-particle analysis and electron tomography are special tools for the structural analysis of biological components by transmission electron microscopy. Single-particle analysis enables us to determine the structures of relatively large proteins and macromolecular complexes without crystallisation. Electron tomography is often used to visualise organelles and subcellular structures at ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An overview of micron-ranged particle sizing techniques

    Given the wide range of particle sizing technologies and instrumentation on the market, the choice of measurement technique can be daunting, especially if one is unfamiliar with the options available. Once introduced and familiar with an individual technique, it can be easy to continue to choose it by default. While this is certainly understandable, it may prove a disservice when the technique is ...


    By Particle Technology Labs

  • The particle counter useful for formulation and process developement of parenterals

    Comments by major pharmaceutical company research scientist. We've found the Spectrex to be a very useful tool in formulation and process development for parenteral products in cases where the volume of solution available is limited, and we are primarily interested either in 1) differences in relative numbers and sizes of particles when comparing various formulations or processing treatments, or ...


    By Spectrex Corporation

  • Inactivation of particle-associated Escherichia coli with chlorine dioxide

    In this paper, the inactivation of both free Escherichia coli (FE) and particle-associated E. coli (PAE) with chlorine dioxide (ClO2) were investigated using granular activated carbon effluent water samples. The inactivation rate of FE was higher than that of PAE and the reactivation ratio of PAE was higher than that of FE, indicating the threat of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ambient Air Sampling Methods

    Pollutants are nothing but any substance that may present in an atmosphere in such a concentration that it may harmful to surrounding, living organism or human being. Sampling and analysis of air pollutants is known as Air quality monitoring and it is major part of environmental monitoring. There are many advanced types of ambient air Sampling methods. we will learn here only which are most ...


    By Perfect Pollucon Services

  • Oil Sampling Best Practices

    Obtaining a representative oil sample from a closed loop lubrication system is essential to any good oil analysis program. As oil analysis programs become more standardized for routine monitoring, especially within equipment warranty support programs, equipment makers provide more sampling points on new equipment. These ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Effects of Oversize Particles on the Density of Clean Granular Soils

    Fill material often contains particles too large to be tested in conventional testing equipment. In order to evaluate the compaction, strength, and deformation characteristics of soil containing such oversize particles, a modeling criterion is required which specifies how the soil minus the oversize particles (the soil matrix) should be tested. Questions such as whether or not to replace oversize ...


    By ASTM International

  • Dyed viruses and metal particles for advanced separation studies

    Single nanometer sized particles are poorly retained by conventional water treatment methods and are hardly detectable in water samples. The particles present a separate class of pollutants and their transport and fate cannot be studied by tracking bacteria, turbidity, free dyes or ions. Dyed bacteriophages and gold nanoparticles are two novel tools that facilitate the studies of virus ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sampling of Saturated and Unsaturated Sands by Freezing

    A 600-mm-long, 100-mm-wide, and 20-mm-thick steel plate containing a wavey groove carrying chilled ethanol at -40°C was used successfully to obtain undisturbed frozen samples of saturated clean sand. The freezing probe was also used in an unsaturated sand dune to obtain samples at a depth of 3.0 m. For sands above the groundwater level, an imbibition test is, however, required prior to freezing ...


    By ASTM International

  • Building Services Management - Air Sampling -

    Untitled Document Maintenance professionals are often the first responders to mold complaints in their facilities. building occupants can be exposed to fungal (mold) ...


    By EMSL Analytical, Inc.

  • Utility of the laser particle counter for determination of drinking-water toxicity

    Particle toxicity in various water samples depends on the mixture of toxicants in each sample. Toxicity values for different samples can be expressed using the new metric: Particle Toxicity. Use of the Spectrex PC-2000 was the instrument of choice in enumerating the particle concentrations for the calculation of the particle toxicity of drinking-water and reference toxicant suspensions. ...


    By Spectrex Corporation

  • Particle counting as a tool to predict filterability in membrane bioreactors activated sludge?

    Activated sludge quality is one of the major factors influencing flux decline in membrane bioreactors (MBRs). Sludge filterability is a recognized parameter to characterize the physical properties of activated sludge. Decrease in filterability is linked to a higher number of submicron particles. In our present research we studied whether particle counting techniques can be used to indicate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of digital and manual methods of snow particle size estimation

    Maintaining long time series of observations of the Cryosphere is a key issue in climate research. Long observational time series involve problems due to change in methodology or observers. In order to extend time series and introduce new methods, careful comparisons must be made to ensure homogeneity in the observational data. We have compared an established method for snow grain-size ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimizing the Removal and Disinfection of Microorganisms Occluded within Wastewater Particles

     ABSTRACT A procedure is presented that provides the basis for optimizing filtration and disinfection systems by assuring that microorganisms occluded in effluent particles are sufficiently inactivated or removed. A secondary effluent sample was collected from an operational treatment facility and used in a series of laboratory tests. Experimental data were then used to calibrate a ...

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