particulate matter Articles

  • Expect Tighter Particulate Matter Standards

    Particulate matter (PM) is a hot button issue poised to raise business costs and litigation. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was recently due to issue final PM standard revisions. EPA last year proposed stronger National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQSs) for fine PM (2.5 micrometers or less in diameter (PM2.5)) and the 24-hour PM2.5 standard. However, EPA sought to keep annual ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Element patterns for particulate matter in stormwater effluent

    Particulate matter in stormwater deteriorates the quality of receiving water and sediment. Characterization of stormwater particulate matter by means of its particle-associated element pattern provides an aid to determining its impact on receiving surface waters. During a 6 month measurement campaign, we determined particle-associated concentrations of major pollutants and rare earths for three ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Suspended Particulate Matter Definition - SPM and RSPM

    There is much confusion about how to define PM10 particulate, but if articles indicate the definitions they used then the information can be compared with information from other studies. A concern is that the dust measurement equipment for PM10 particulate matter might not be designed to meet the same defined standard as used in the articles which could lead to some discrepancies. ...


    By DustWatch CC

  • Sources of particulate matter: emission profile of biomass burning

    Biomass burning is an important source of atmospheric Particulate Matter (PM) in Brazil: the burning of forests in the northwest and of sugar cane plantations in the southeast are important examples. The objective of this work is the measurement of the PM emission profile of burning of sugar cane and other characteristic vegetative burning in the region of Sao Carlos-SP/Brazil. Samples of PM10 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Trends of lead in suspended particulate matter in Zagreb air

    Monitoring of lead in Total Suspended Particulate Matter (TSPM) started in Zagreb, Croatia in 1971 at three measuring sites. Monitoring of lead concentrations in PM10 started in 1999. This paper presents the trends of annual mean values for lead concentrations in TSPM and in PM10 particles. The obtained data showed a decreasing trend of lead in TSPM, especially during the last ten years when the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Particulate matter pollution simulations in complex terrain

    The preliminary results of a simulation of the air quality in a region of Northern Italy are presented. The simulation was performed using a modelling system based on a meteorological model, an interface code and a transport–chemistry model. Comparisons with measured data are presented and discussed. Keywords: PM pollution, air quality, transport–chemistry modelling, dispersion ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Particulate matter: Comparison between two bus fuels

    AbstractParticulate matter is a dangerous polluting. Particulate health effects depend from two factors: mass concentration and chemical-physical particles composition, as chemical marker, size and morphology. Particulate health risk factor is due to particles penetration in respiratory system. The aim of this work is based on the physical characterization of particulate matter emission from two ...


  • Particulate matter, halogen and aerosols - Case Study

    Example: Production of anodes for aluminium smelters as well as electronic industry (TFT-LCD) Similar tasks: Carbon and graphite industry, smelting of aluminium, coating of metals An anode producer has several ring furnaces to stabilise the anodes by carbonization for later processing in a melting bath. The hot exhaust gases pass through double walls in between the anodes where the gases ...

  • Frequency distribution of particulate matter (PM10) in urban environments

    Hourly measurements of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 10 µm (PM10) were recorded in Athens, Greece and Manchester, UK, for a period of one year. The lognormal, gamma and Weibull distributions were selected to fit the concentration frequency distribution of the measured PM10 data. Moreover, the statistics of Mean Bias Error (MBE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and index ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • In-Vehicle exposures to particulate matter and black carbon

    ABSTRACTIn-vehicle exposures to particulate matter (PM) and black carbon (BC) can be a significant part of personal totalexposure. The purpose of this study was to identify determinants of the in-vehicle pollutant level. This study measured in-vehicle exposure to PM number concentrations using an aerosol spectrometer and BC concentration by an aethalometer. The measurement was repeated 3 ...

  • Spatial and temporal differences of Particulate Matter in Berlin

    Particulate Matter (PM) is still a problem in urban areas. The concentration of PM in Berlin and its variability is the subject of this study based on data of six official PM10 monitoring stations and a measuring program carried out by the Institute of Geography covering PM2.5 and coarse PM measurements at 19 sites, distinguished between traffic related and urban background sites. The impact of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Particles Matter

    We all can recall our mothers telling us as children to go outside and get some fresh air.  Who would have known just how important this statement was and is today?  Air pollution affects the entire planet. You can't escape it anywhere not even inside your home or office. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), indoor air can be up to ten times more ...


    By Met One Instruments, Inc.

  • Dispersion modelling of traffic particulate matter in city–scale area

    This paper introduces utilisation of the CFD technique for modelling of PM10 (particulate matter 10 µm) dispersion in urban areas, with focus on detailed description of processes in the ground surface boundary layer. The description of deposition and re–suspension processes is introduced and applied on the city–scale model of the city of Brno (pop. 400,000). The air threshold ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Particulate matter dispersion modelling along urban traffic paths

    In this paper authors compare two different approaches of 10 μm particles (PM10) dispersion modelling in urban areas. The study is focused on comparison of the Eulerian-Lagrangian approach accurately describing particle aerodynamics and the passive scalar approach representing simplified alternative for description of dispersion processes. CFD code StarCD has been used for this study as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A study of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in airborne particulate matter in central Taiwan

    Two sampling sites in central Taiwan, at Hungkuang University (HKU) and Tunghai University (THU), were chosen to contrast the content of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the atmosphere from November 2000 to April 2001. PAHs that arise from incomplete combustion of organic materials, especially fossil fuels, are the major toxic pollutants in central Taiwan. This study aimed to analyse ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Canarina DISPER software · particulate matter (PM) · air pollution · algorithms 17

    9.2 Non-point source emissions   The DISPER model include algorithms to model line and area  sources, in addition to point sources. These non-point source options of the model are used to simulate the effects of emissions from a wide variety (conveyor belts, rail lines, area sources,…). The area source model is used to simulate the effects of fugitive emissions from sources such ...

  • Atmospheric particulate matter in the city of Sao Carlos/SP, Brazil

    This paper presents experimental data and source apportionment simulations on particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) in the atmosphere of Sao Carlos/SP, Brazil. Both a Hi-vol sampler equipped with glass fibre filters and a Dichotomous sampler with nucleopore filters were used. The collected material was analysed for total carbon, using a thermometric method, and for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Formation of atmospheric nitrate under high Particulate Matter concentration

    This study was primarily initiated to understand the consistently moderate levels of nitrogen oxides (NOx) in Indian cities in spite of increasing NOx emissions. The research objective was to understand NO3? formation as a NOx function, and other atmospheric constituents. For this purpose, air quality ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Winter time particulate matter concentrations at an urban roadway in India

    This paper presents analysis and interpretation of 1-hr average fine (PM 1 and PM 2.5 ) and coarse (PM 10 ) particulate matter (PM) concentrations measured during winter 2008 and 2009 at a roadside in Chennai city, India. Results showed typical weekly and diurnal cycles with high concentrations corresponding morning and evening peak traffic flows. The 24-hr average PM ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A Special Issue of the Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association on the Particulate Matter Supersites

    This special issue of the Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association contains 15 peer-reviewed scientific papers from the specialty conference Particulate Matter Supersites Program and Related Studies, which was held in February 2005 in Atlanta, GA. Other peer-reviewed papers will appear in companion issues of the Journal of Geophysical Research, Aerosol Science and Technology, and ...

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