particulate matter pollution Articles

  • Particulate matter pollution simulations in complex terrain

    The preliminary results of a simulation of the air quality in a region of Northern Italy are presented. The simulation was performed using a modelling system based on a meteorological model, an interface code and a transport–chemistry model. Comparisons with measured data are presented and discussed. Keywords: PM pollution, air quality, transport–chemistry modelling, dispersion ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Canarina DISPER software · particulate matter (PM) · air pollution · algorithms 17

    9.2 Non-point source emissions   The DISPER model include algorithms to model line and area  sources, in addition to point sources. These non-point source options of the model are used to simulate the effects of emissions from a wide variety (conveyor belts, rail lines, area sources,…). The area source model is used to simulate the effects of fugitive emissions from sources such ...

  • Trends of lead in suspended particulate matter in Zagreb air

    Monitoring of lead in Total Suspended Particulate Matter (TSPM) started in Zagreb, Croatia in 1971 at three measuring sites. Monitoring of lead concentrations in PM10 started in 1999. This paper presents the trends of annual mean values for lead concentrations in TSPM and in PM10 particles. The obtained data showed a decreasing trend of lead in TSPM, especially during the last ten years when the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Particulate matter: Comparison between two bus fuels

    AbstractParticulate matter is a dangerous polluting. Particulate health effects depend from two factors: mass concentration and chemical-physical particles composition, as chemical marker, size and morphology. Particulate health risk factor is due to particles penetration in respiratory system. The aim of this work is based on the physical characterization of particulate matter emission from two ...


  • Frequency distribution of particulate matter (PM10) in urban environments

    Hourly measurements of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 10 µm (PM10) were recorded in Athens, Greece and Manchester, UK, for a period of one year. The lognormal, gamma and Weibull distributions were selected to fit the concentration frequency distribution of the measured PM10 data. Moreover, the statistics of Mean Bias Error (MBE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and index ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sources of particulate matter: emission profile of biomass burning

    Biomass burning is an important source of atmospheric Particulate Matter (PM) in Brazil: the burning of forests in the northwest and of sugar cane plantations in the southeast are important examples. The objective of this work is the measurement of the PM emission profile of burning of sugar cane and other characteristic vegetative burning in the region of Sao Carlos-SP/Brazil. Samples of PM10 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Element patterns for particulate matter in stormwater effluent

    Particulate matter in stormwater deteriorates the quality of receiving water and sediment. Characterization of stormwater particulate matter by means of its particle-associated element pattern provides an aid to determining its impact on receiving surface waters. During a 6 month measurement campaign, we determined particle-associated concentrations of major pollutants and rare earths for three ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In-Vehicle exposures to particulate matter and black carbon

    ABSTRACTIn-vehicle exposures to particulate matter (PM) and black carbon (BC) can be a significant part of personal totalexposure. The purpose of this study was to identify determinants of the in-vehicle pollutant level. This study measured in-vehicle exposure to PM number concentrations using an aerosol spectrometer and BC concentration by an aethalometer. The measurement was repeated 3 ...

  • Suspended Particulate Matter Definition - SPM and RSPM

    There is much confusion about how to define PM10 particulate, but if articles indicate the definitions they used then the information can be compared with information from other studies. A concern is that the dust measurement equipment for PM10 particulate matter might not be designed to meet the same defined standard as used in the articles which could lead to some discrepancies. ...


    By DustWatch CC

  • Particulate matter, halogen and aerosols - Case Study

    Example: Production of anodes for aluminium smelters as well as electronic industry (TFT-LCD) Similar tasks: Carbon and graphite industry, smelting of aluminium, coating of metals An anode producer has several ring furnaces to stabilise the anodes by carbonization for later processing in a melting bath. The hot exhaust gases pass through double walls in between the anodes where the gases ...

  • Mesoscale controls on particulate matter pollution for a mega city in a semi-arid mountainous environment: Tehran, Iran

    Tehran, the mega-city capital of Iran, suffers from high concentrations of PM10 throughout the year. Emissions from transport combined with mesoscale atmospheric features related to the mountainous terrain lead to a distinctive diurnal pattern in concentrations. Air quality data from monitoring stations show that the highest concentrations of PM10 are in the morning and evening periods, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Association of Self-Reported Leisure-Time Physical Inactivity with Particulate Matter 2.5 Air Pollution

    This study examines the association between annual levels of particulate matter (PM2.5) and self-reported leisure-time physical inactivity (LTPI) in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) among 63,290 survey respondents who participated in the 2001 BRFSS from 142 counties in the U.S. The average prevalence of self-reported LTPI was about 24.9% (SE = 0.3%). LTPI prevalence was ...

  • Universal system for forecasting changes in PM10 and PM2.5 particulate matter air pollution concentration

    We present a system for forecasting the changes in PM 10 and PM 2.5 particulate matter air pollution concentration. The system is based on immissions data from automatic measurement stations of the Voivodship (Regional) Inspectorate for Environmental Protection in Warsaw (Poland) and a numerical forecast of meteorological parameters from the Interdisciplinary Centre for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Human health effects of particulate matter air pollution - comments on current state of the science

    The science of particulate air pollution and health has a long, rich, and complex history. More detailed versions of various aspects of this history can be found elsewhere.1-5 A simple stylized version of this history may suggest that, until the early to mid-1900s, the health effects of air pollution were largely a matter of instinctive observations, suspicion, and superstition. In fact, one of ...

  • Dispersion modelling of traffic particulate matter in city–scale area

    This paper introduces utilisation of the CFD technique for modelling of PM10 (particulate matter 10 µm) dispersion in urban areas, with focus on detailed description of processes in the ground surface boundary layer. The description of deposition and re–suspension processes is introduced and applied on the city–scale model of the city of Brno (pop. 400,000). The air threshold ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A study of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in airborne particulate matter in central Taiwan

    Two sampling sites in central Taiwan, at Hungkuang University (HKU) and Tunghai University (THU), were chosen to contrast the content of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the atmosphere from November 2000 to April 2001. PAHs that arise from incomplete combustion of organic materials, especially fossil fuels, are the major toxic pollutants in central Taiwan. This study aimed to analyse ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Particulate matter dispersion modelling along urban traffic paths

    In this paper authors compare two different approaches of 10 μm particles (PM10) dispersion modelling in urban areas. The study is focused on comparison of the Eulerian-Lagrangian approach accurately describing particle aerodynamics and the passive scalar approach representing simplified alternative for description of dispersion processes. CFD code StarCD has been used for this study as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessing the impact of particulate matter sources in the Milan urban area

    The Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) receptor model of the US-EPA was applied to PM10 data obtained during a field study performed in the Milan urban area, including daily average concentrations, element and ion concentrations. Two chemical fingerprints were estimated to characterise total traffic emissions and diesel engine exhaust emissions. Four main source groups were identified: road traffic, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Particles Matter

    We all can recall our mothers telling us as children to go outside and get some fresh air.  Who would have known just how important this statement was and is today?  Air pollution affects the entire planet. You can't escape it anywhere not even inside your home or office. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), indoor air can be up to ten times more ...


    By Met One Instruments, Inc.

  • Large eddy simulation modelling of the dispersion of radioactive particulate matter

    Field experiments with a Radioactive Dispersion Device (RDD) were performed by the National Radiation Protection Institute (NRPI) of the Czech Republic. We present the results of computer simulations of these experiments using a new microscale model, Charles University Large Eddy Microscale Model (CLMM). The model was first validated using wind tunnel data for the dispersion of continuous passive ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you