particulate matter sampling reference Articles

  • Sources of particulate matter: emission profile of biomass burning

    Biomass burning is an important source of atmospheric Particulate Matter (PM) in Brazil: the burning of forests in the northwest and of sugar cane plantations in the southeast are important examples. The objective of this work is the measurement of the PM emission profile of burning of sugar cane and other characteristic vegetative burning in the region of Sao Carlos-SP/Brazil. Samples of PM10 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Is it time to upgrade the PM2.5 federal reference method?

    The fine particulate matter (PM2.5) Federal Reference Method (FRM) has in many respects been a great success. When the method was implemented, there was some doubt that the state and local monitoring agencies that routinely provide air quality data would be able to manage a program, which often distinguishes one location from another by just a few μg/m3. As it turns out, data from the FRM ...

  • Sample Handling Strategies for Accurate Lead-In-Soil Measurements in the Field and Laboratory

    ABSTRACT The inhomogenous lead-in-soil matrix can present serious obstacles to accurate sample collection and handling. In typical lead-in-soil measurement, particle size related errors in sampling and sample handling often exceed all other sources of error. The magnitude of error can vary widely depending on the particulate nature of the lead contaminant and the effectiveness of control ...

  • Micro Flow Imaging Technology for Parenteral Applications

    MFI™ for Parenteral Drugs USP Chapter 788 (Particulate Matter in Injections) describes physical tests to be performed for the purpose of enumerating subvisible particles within specific size ranges. Recently the FDA has published a Stimuli Article (reference USPC 30 (6) Pages 2272-2280) demonstrating that advances in apparatus and quality control merit reducing the permissible particle counts ...


    By WIS Biomed

  • Effects of industrial air pollution on the respiratory health of children

    There is growing concern regarding to the possible effects of air pollution on respiratory health of children in Eleme industrial area of Port-Harcourt Nigeria. A total of 250 children were sampled from six primary schools with pre-nursery facilities for a period of 18 months. Subjects were divided into two zones (A and B), monitored and examined on weekly basis. The effects of four criteria ...

  • Field Test Experiments to Validate The CEN Standard Measurement Method For PM2,5

    For air quality across the European Union to be assessed on a consistent basis, Member States need to employ standard measurement techniques and procedures, following Community Directive 96/62/EC on ambient air quality assessment and management [1], and Directive 1999/30/EC (1st EC Air Quality Daughter Directive) [2], which sets the parameters specific to the assessment of particulate matter (and ...


  • New laser-based dust emission monitoring system

    Abstract A new generation of continuous particulate matter concentration monitoring instruments is presented, covering a measuring range of 0 to 1000 mg/m3. The laser-based scattered light instrument gives an improved stability as well as excellent resolution in the low range. This enables high concentration measurement as well as especially low emission monitoring down to 0.01 mg/m3 with a ...


    By Sigrist-Photometer AG

  • Field test experiments to validate the CEN standard measurement method for PM 2,5

    For air quality across the European Union to be assessed on a consistent basis, Member States need to employ standard measurement techniques and procedures, following Community Directive 96/62/EC on ambient air quality assessment and management [1], and Directive 1999/30/EC (1st EC Air Quality Daughter Directive) [2], which sets the parameters specific to the assessment of particulate matter (and ...


  • Monitoring - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Aviation fuel cleanliness

    This autumn sees the launch of the second edition of the EI’s handbook, 1550; a title which has become a key industry reference for everyone involved in handling aviation fuel since the first edition was issued in 2007. Martin Hunnybun, EI Technical Team Manager – Fuels & Fuel Handling, describes the new content. With over 20 specified performance parameters, jet fuel is one of ...


    By Energy Institute (EI)

  • Emission Testing and Monitoring

    Presented in Track B4: EMISSION TESTING & MONITORING at EUEC 2011, January 31 Phoenix, Arizona B4.1  | Update on PM2.5 and Condensable Particulate Matter Emissions Measurement Methods Larry Hottenstein |  Partner, Environmental Resources Management Following the promulgation of the PM2.5 ...

  • The challenges and benefits of local air quality monitoring

    A new generation of air quality monitors is now being offered to provide localised, real-time air quality readings – but the potential benefit is only just starting to be realised. It is generally accepted that whilst measurements from air quality reference stations are highly accurate, they are not sufficiently location-specific. Key pollutants – such as NO2 and PM2.5 ...


    By AQMesh

  • Dust monitoring

    Generally, two different approaches are used to measure the amount of dust deposited on a surface; Determination of the soiling of a surface, by a change in its properties; Determination of the quantity of dust deposited, by weight. WHAT IS DUST? Dust is a generic term used to describe fine particles that are suspended in the atmosphere. Dust comes from a wide variety of sources, including soil, ...


    By Queensland Laboratory

  • Gas analysers support management of Swindon fire

    The capability to convene a multi-agency Air Quality Cell (AQC) was established in England in 2009 following the Buncefield Oil Storage Depot incident. A review of this event identified the need to rapidly co-ordinate the acquisition, analysis and interpretation of air quality data in major incidents. Arrangements have been made in England to bring together experts from the Environment Agency ...


    By Quantitech Ltd

  • Field demonstration of a near-real-time multi-metals ambient fence line monitor case study

    National emissions standards for hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) are required under Section 112 of the Clean Air Act to limit the release of specified HAPs. Permitting, monitoring and enforcement of these emission limits are an integral part of managing air quality to protect human health and the environment. However, this is difficult and highly uncertain in the case of fugitive emissions ...


    By Cooper Environmental

  • Performance-Based Measurement Systems

    Many of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) methods used to monitor air, water and soil for environmental contaminants prescribe step-by-step details on how the chemical analysis must be conducted and prohibit any deviations or variations. The EPA has recognized that monitoring equipment and technology have improved tremendously over the last few years; that environmental media do not ...


    By WSP | Parsons Brinckerhoff

  • Moisture in Oils: The Three-Headed Beast

    Abstract Moisture contamination in in-service lube oils is perhaps one of the most destructive forms of engine corrosion second only to particle contamination.  Water contamination in oil can be categorized into three forms of water; Free, emulsified, and dissolved.  All forms of water have direct consequences to the oil and gears of the engine, but indirect consequences as ...


    By Arizona Instrument LLC

  • Organics Monitoring: A Practical Guide

    Preventing product loss, lowering waste treatment costs, and reducing system maintenance and energy consumption through organics monitoring in the chemical, refining, food, and wastewater treatment industries. Summary Process water and steam condensate contamination includes organic, inorganic, and biological components. Sources of organic contamination include process ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Monitoring Environmental Quality

    ' In order to determine the effectiveness of actions to improve environmental quality it is necessary to be able to measure relevant environmental parameters at a level of detail which is accurate enough to distinguish the anticipated changes. However, the establishment and maintenance of monitoring systems is time-consuming and expensive and therefore the scale of such systems needs to be kept ...


    By The World Bank

  • Closures of mine a new challenge for Romania

    AbstractThe mining activity is one of the oldest activity in Romania, dating from the year 100 B.C. The gold and silver ores represented one of the riches of our country. In time the economic content of metals diminuend, and the ore mines become non profitable. Due to this situation the best option of the State was the closure and ecological rehabilitation of the mines.The steps for the ...


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