passivating metal surfaces Articles

  • ITRC technical regulatory guidelines for passive diffusion sampling, 2004

    Polyethylene diffusion bag (PDB) samplers are low-density polyethylene bags containing deionized water, used to collect water samples in groundwater wells for laboratory analyses of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). PDB samplers are passive devices, relying on the movement of groundwater from the aquifer or water-bearing zone through the screen or open interval of a well. VOCs in groundwater ...


    By EON Products Inc.

  • Wastewater Monitoring in Akouedo/Abidjan, Cote d´ Ivoire with Gaiasafe Passive Collectors (PC)

    Abstract Contamination load and distribution of contaminants is shown. Gaiasafe Passive Collectors have been used successfully to determine single compounds out of the contamination load. Furthermore the spreading and biodegradation of contaminants was monitored over a large area in Abidjan. Only a few days after the dumping the chemical waste from Probo Koala was detected in the surface ...


    By gaiasafe GmbH

  • Case study - Monitoring of pollution in the surface water in urban area

    Project reference Project: Pilot project in Umeå County Customer: Umeå County, Sweden Project period 2004 Nature of task: time integrated monitoring of PCBs, PAHs, OCPs, Toxicity and metals in three streams in Umeå city area. ...


    By Exposmeter AB

  • Synthesis, stabilisation and surface modification of gold and silver nanoparticles by rosmarinic acid and its analogues

    The aim of this study was to show that an antioxidant may be able to synthesise and stabilise metal nanoparticles while the same molecule might be adsorbed on the surfaces of the particles for their targeted delivery. Biochemical assay and pulse radiolysis technique with kinetic spectrophotometric detection have been employed to show the antioxidant activity of rosmarinic acid. It has been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Laser-based 2D and 3D nanomanufacturing for plasmonic applications

    Growing interest in the field of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) comes from a rapid advance of nanostructuring technologies. The application of two-photon polymerisation technique for the fabrication of dielectric and metallic SPP-structures, which can be used for localisation, guiding, and manipulation of SPP waves on a subwavelength scale are studied. This technology is based on non-linear ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Hydrocarbon Processing: Non-phosphorus corrosion inhibitor optimizes cooling tower uptime for environmental compliance

    Cooling water systems play a critical role in the efficient operation of hydrocarbon processing facilities. Ensuring that these systems efficiently cool and condense the various process streams is essential to minimizing operating costs and maximizing plant performance and profitability. Common challenges to maintaining these systems at peak performance come in the form of corrosion, pitting and ...


    By Baker Hughes

  • Interactions between mercury and phytoplankton: Speciation, bioavailability and internal handling

    In the present review, key interactions between Hg and phytoplankton are described and discussed in order to highlight the role of phytoplankton in the biogeochemical cycle of Hg and to understand direct or indirect Hg effects on them. Phytoplankton are exposed to various Hg species in surface waters. By Hg uptake, phytoplankton affect the concentration, speciation and fate of mercury in ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Electronics Manufacturing Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum emissions levels that are ...


    By The World Bank

  • Electroplating Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Phosphate Pre-Treatment of Steel: Always Powder Coating

     Always Powder Coating have replaced the conventional iron phosphate pre-treatment system with an organic process that operates at room temperature. The savings from reduced energy, labour and waste disposal costs amount to $60,000 per annum. Background Always Powder Coating (APC) operates a powder coating facility in Melbourne's eastern suburbs and specialises in ...


  • KSB - H2O collaboration project: Reduce costs and improve quality of industrial wastewater treatment

    A Clearcat evaporator at KSB in La Roche Chalais (France) for the treatment of industrial wastewater on site. The KSB factory at La Roche Chalais (24), a subsidiary of Germany's KSB AG, manufactures AMRI brand butterfly valves. These valves are used in the construction, industrial, water, and electric power generation sectors. The production of these valves generates two main liquid wastes: ...


    By H2O GmbH

  • Acid mine drainage treatment

    Acid mine/rock drainage is a rampant problem in the world today. The above photo depicts acid drainage at an abandoned mine in the Yukon Territory of northwest Canada. This mine shares a similar history to thousands of other mines throughout the world. It was in operation for six short years in the 1950’s, producing gold ore. Its profitability eventually failed and it was abandoned. In the ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Vapor intrusion mitigated through solar-powered exhaust systems

    EPA Region 6 undertook a Superfund removal action earlier this year at the Delfasco Forge site in Grand Prairie, TX, to address trichloroethene (TCE) vapor migrating from a groundwater plume. Region 6 and the State had determined after extensive site investigations that technologies such as soil vapor extraction or natural attenuation would require several years to remove or reduce the plume ...

  • The Alternative to Pump and Treat

    Sometimes, an important technological advance begins with a small step – back! Such is the case with remediation of hydrocarbons from groundwater utilizing existing recovery and monitoring wells. For the past few years, state government has based decisions on the amount of clean up that they require by the risk posed to the environment. Risk Based Corrective Action, commonly called 'Rebecca' ...


    By Abanaki Corporation

  • What Are Solar Buildings Technologies?

    Solar buildings technologies use the non-polluting power of the sun to help heat, cool, and power our buildings. Because buildings now use one-third of the energy currently consumed in this country, the potential markets for using solar buildings technologies in place of conventional ones is substantial. Whether you're a home owner, architect, builder, business owner, or industry or utility ...

  • Closures of mine a new challenge for Romania

    AbstractThe mining activity is one of the oldest activity in Romania, dating from the year 100 B.C. The gold and silver ores represented one of the riches of our country. In time the economic content of metals diminuend, and the ore mines become non profitable. Due to this situation the best option of the State was the closure and ecological rehabilitation of the mines.The steps for the ...


  • Dust monitoring

    Generally, two different approaches are used to measure the amount of dust deposited on a surface; Determination of the soiling of a surface, by a change in its properties; Determination of the quantity of dust deposited, by weight. WHAT IS DUST? Dust is a generic term used to describe fine particles that are suspended in the atmosphere. Dust comes from a wide variety of sources, including soil, ...


    By Queensland Laboratory

  • Low-Flow (Minimal Drawdown) Ground-Water Sampling Procedures

    Untitled Document Background The Regional Superfund Ground Water Forum is a group of ground-water ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Standard Chlorine of Delaware Remediation

    By designing a 70-foot deep barrier wall, Black & Veatch was able to cut off contaminant source areas from a creek near New Castle, Delaware. The groundwater treatment system that Black & Veatch designed prevents site contamination from reaching the underlying drinking water aquifer. The Standard Chlorine of Delaware Site is a 65 acre area including an abandoned chlorobenzene ...


    By Black & Veatch Corporation

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in potentially significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the ...

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