pcb bioremediation Articles

  • Bioremediation of DNAPL

    Dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) are mixtures of organic compounds that when combined have a specific density greater than water, which has a specific density of 1.00. They sink through water and form a separate liquid phase below the water. DNAPL mixtures can include compounds such as chlorinated solvents, PCB oils, coal tars, and creosotes (complex mixtures consisting of polycyclic ...

  • Bioremediation of PCB & Pesticide Contaminated Soils Utilizing Gene Expression Factors

     Abstract Historically soils contaminated by persistent organic compounds such as pesticides and PCBs were not considered good candidates for bioremediation due to the simple fact that the chemical industry designed these compounds to withstand the destructive effects of natural attenuation through weathering and microbial activity. Although the chemical industry has long appreciated the ...


  • Bioremediation Technologies for Marine Sediments

      USA – Baltic International Symposium on Advances in Marine Environmental Research, Monitoring and Technologies. Klaipeda, Lithuania. June 15-17, 2004 Global commerce relies heavily on waterborne transportation. Innovative, economical and environmentally sound ways to manage ...


  • Surfactant desorption is key to successful PAH bioremediation

    Formulations which are patented non-ionic surfactant mixtures used in the in situ and ex situ treatment of petroleum hydrocarbons, chlorinated solvents, heavy metals, and more recently PAHs, PCBs and MTBE type contaminated waste are involved in Surfactant Enhanced Bioremediation (SEB®) using Iveysol ®. These surfactant formulations have the ability to enhance soil biodegradation. During in ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • Slurry Phase Biological Treatment

    Slurry phase biological treatment involves the controlled treatment of excavated soil in a bioreactor. The excavated soil is first processed to physically separate stones and rubble. The soil is then mixed with water to a predetermined concentration dependent upon the concentration of the contaminants, the rate of biodegradation, and the physical nature of the soils. Some processes pre-wash the ...

  • Phytoremediation - Technology Overview

    ABSTRACT Phytoremediation uses plants to cleanup contaminated soil and groundwater, taking advantage of plants' natural abilities to take up, accumulate, and/or degrade constituents of their soil and water environments. Results of research and development into ph ytoremediation processes and techniques report it to be applicable to a broad range of contaminants including numerous metals and ...


  • Properties and Behavior of Halogenated SVOCs

    An important consideration when evaluating a remedy is whether the compound is halogenated or nonhalogenated. A halogenated compound is one onto which a halogen ion(e.g., fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine) has been attached. The nature of the halogen bond and the halogen itself can significantly affect performance of a technology or require more extensive treatment than for nonhalogenated ...

  • Liberating contaminants for easy recovery

    The number one challenge associated with most site remediation designs and methodologies is that 90-95 per cent of all environmental contaminants are present in an adsorbed phase onto soil and bedrock surfaces within both saturated and unsaturated zones. Contaminants, including hydrocarbons (LNAPL), chlorinates (DNAPL) and heavy metals, are sorbed onto the substrates and so have reduced mobility ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • Case study: surfactant enhanced HVDPE remediation of petroleum contaminated soil, bedrock and groundwater

    Recalcitrant petroleum product residuals sorbed in fine grain soils and fractured bedrock Persistent concentrations in groundwater after 12 years of remediation - including pumping, HVDPE Obtained regulatory approval for Ivey-sol surfactant application in spring 2009 Pilot Test Approach - Focused Short-Term Surfactant Injection/Extraction to Maximize Recovery ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • A 2006 GLOBE award winner

    The GLOBE Corporate Award for Technology Innovation and Application is presented is to a company that has demonstrated outstanding technical ingenuity in the development and/or application of an innovative technology or process with a significant environmental application. This year’s winner, Ivey International Inc., has developed a surfactant remediation technology (Ivey-sol®) solution that has ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Fuels in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Common treatment technologies for fuels in soil, sediment, and sludge include biodegradation, incineration, SVE, and low temperature thermal desorption. Incineration is typically used when chlorinated SVOCs are also present with fuel, and not specified for fuel-only contaminated soil, sediment, or sludge. All types of biodegradation, both in situ or ex situ, can be used to remediate soils: ...

  • Presumptive Remedies

    A presumptive remedy is a technology that EPA believes, based upon its past experience, generally will be the most appropriate remedy for a specified type of site. EPA is establishing presumptive remedies to accelerate site-specific analysis of remedies by focusing the feasibility study efforts. EPA expects that a presumptive remedy, when available, will be used for all CERCLA sites except under ...

  • Vapor-Phase Biofilters Show Promise for Treating High VOC Emissions

    Evaluating the Feasibility of Natural AttenuationUsing natural attenuation to remediate organic compounds in groundwater has gained popularity. In some cases, this process can reduce contaminant levels to below risk-based corrective action criteria or regulatory standards without implementing additional remedial action alternatives. However, it is often difficult to prove that natural ...


  • Vapor-Phase Biofilters Show Promise for Treating High VOC Emissions.

    Evaluating the Feasibility of Natural AttenuationUsing natural attenuation to remediate organic compounds in groundwater has gained popularity. In some cases, this process can reduce contaminant levels to below risk-based corrective action criteria or regulatory standards without implementing additional remedial action alternatives. However, it is often difficult to prove that natural ...


  • Natural Attenuation in Soils

    Introduction Surface and subsurface soils have different characteristics in natural attenuation. Mobile contaminants in subsurface soils diffuse into soil vapor and aqueous phase and thus are relatively easily subject to natural subsurface processes that can attenuate these contaminants. Most high-molecular-weight (persistent) organic and many inorganic contaminants will be immobilized in the ...

  • Companies and people leading the restructured environmental services industry in Canada

    The landscape of environmental service providers in Canada has changed dramatically in the past four or five years, especially with mergers and acquisitions announced in recent months between some fast-growing businesses. Only a decade ago the industry was dominated by a couple of publicly-traded continental companies that gobbled up numerous small and medium-size enterprises to offer customers a ...

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