penetration system Articles

  • Centrifuge Modeling for Projectile Penetration Studies

    This paper describes the rationale for using centrifuge modeling for projectile penetration studies in granular soils and presents details of a projectile delivery system that has been used to conduct centrifuge penetration tests. Included in the rationale is a dimensional analysis that indicates that self-weight induced stresses in the prototype soil mass should be duplicated in the model. ...


    By ASTM International

  • Introduction to Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR)

    About GPR Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a non-invasive method of material analysis based on transmitting an ultra wide band EM signal into the materials. A part of the EM wave is reflected when it reaches a boundary between two materials with different electrical properties. The reflected signal gets recorded at the source of the EM wave and is displayed for the operator and ...


    By Geoscanners AB

  • Cone Penetration of Partially Saturated Sands

    A laboratory study of cone penetration through partially saturated sand was conducted. A new method for preparing specimens at various degrees of saturation, which utilizes pressure release from previously carbonated water, is described. In closed water systems, where capillary tensions increase effective confining pressures, penetration resistance was significantly higher than in either dry or ...


    By ASTM International

  • The VIY-2 Ground Penetrating Radar

    Abstract The VIY-2 ground penetrating radar (GPR) with unique sounding possibilities and use simplicity is presented at this paper. The VIY-2 GPR combines all units (synchronizer, transmitting and receiving modules, power supply and antenna system) into single case. The VIY-2 GPR communicates with computer via standard interface RS232 or USB 1.0. Utilized by the VIY-2 GPR technical solutions ...


    By Transient Technologies LLC

  • Ground Penetrating Radar Evaluation of Concrete Tunnel Linings

    Abstract - Ground penetrating radar was used to map tunnel lining condition and locate concrete deterioration and voids in a continuous and non destructive manner. GPR surveying of Kapoor Water Supply Tunnel, Victoria, Canada was carried out with a 1000 MHz Sensors and Software Ltd., Conquest system mounted on a custom built cart. This 8.8 km long 2.3 m diameter concrete lined circular tunnel was ...


    By SewerVUE

  • GPR goes underground: Pipe Penetrating Radar

    Abstract: Pipe Penetrating Radar (PPR) is the underground in-pipe application of ground penetrating radar (GPR) either robotically or by manned entry to reveal wall thickness, delamination, voids, and other conditions that enable more precise determination of pipeline integrity and verifications for trenchless technology rehabilitation. PPR, when applied to pipe-bursting applications, can ...


    By SewerVUE

  • Treatment Alternatives for Liquid Penetrant Rinse Waters

    Explores the options available to process wastewater generated from liquid penetrant inspection. Rinse waters containing residues from the penetrant inspection process are generated from all but Method C (solvent removal).  The rinse water contains penetrants (Method A), or penetrants and emulsifier (Methods B and D), which contain oils and surfactants.  The water may also contain ...


    By Infinitex Corp.

  • Simplification of Soil Classification Charts Derived from the Cone Penetration Test

    This paper presents a semi-empirical approach to simplify existing CPT and PCPT soil classification charts. This approach is based on two tendencies in current charts, namely soil type and in situ soil state. These charts may be simplified into one-dimensional soil classification systems by linear conformal mapping. Accordingly, several charts are simplified, and a comparison to in situ testing ...


    By ASTM International

  • Advanced Condition Assessments: The benefits of using Pipe Penetrating Radar

    Abstract: Pipe Penetrating Radar (PPR) is the underground in-pipe application of GPR, a non-destructive testing method that can detect defects and cavities within and outside mainline diameter (>18 in/450 mm) nonmetallic (reinforced concrete, vitrified clay, PVC, HDPE, etc.) underground pipes. The key advantage of PPR is the unique ability to map pipe wall thickness and deterioration including ...


    By SewerVUE

  • Investigations on drop penetration and wetting characteristics of powder-liquid systems in relation to the mixing of acrylic bone cement

    This study investigated methyl methacrylate – polymethyl methacrylate powder bed interactions through droplet analyses, using model fluids and commercially available bone cement. The effects of storage temperature of liquid monomer and powder packing configuration on drop penetration time were investigated. Methyl methacrylate showed much more rapid imbibition than caprolactone due to decrease in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Multi-sensor inspection robot shows benefits of pipe penetrating radar - Case Study

    Pipe penetrating radar (PPR), the in-pipe application of ground penetrating radar (GPR) is one of the most promising quantitative pipe condition assessment technologies to emerge in recent years. With most of the underground pipe infrastructure reaching the end of their design life there is a need to provide measurable data in order to establish the extent of rehabilitation required or the timing ...


    By SewerVUE

  • Condition Assessments using Pipe Penetrating Radar: the Metro Wastewater Reclamation District - Denver, CO Harvard Gulch Interceptor Case Study

    Abstract Pipe Penetrating Radar (PPR) is the underground in-pipe application of ground penetrating radar (GPR), a non-destructive testing method that can detect defects and cavities within and outside mainline diameter (>18 in / 450mm) non-metallic (reinforced concrete, vitrified clay, PVC, HDPE, etc.) underground pipes. The key advantage of PPR is the unique ability to map pipe wall ...


    By SewerVUE

  • System Description for Monitoring Volatile Hydrocarbons

    To help build a comprehensive Industrial Hygiene program, Buck Scientific introduces the IH910 vapor monitoring system utilizing our model 910 gas chromatograph and IH300 air sampling train. Designed to analyze hydrocarbons in air, such as degreasing solvents and paint vapors emitted during plant operations, the IH910 penetrates the 1mg/m3 detection barrier erected by other field portable gas ...


    By Buck Scientific Inc

  • Most common problems with septic systems

    Septic systems are extremely small and less expensive safeguarding systems which can give consistent tune-up functioning for 20 years or more unless with the proper and regular interval checkups. The intensity of preservation and occurrence of troubles can together be significantly compacted by identifying ...


    By Hydra International Ltd

  • Walk Behind Carpet Washing Systems for Commercial Applications

    Cleaning carpets in residences and small offices involves maintaining just a limited space. However, when it comes to full-fledged commercial and industrial carpet maintenance, large carpeted areas need to be cleaned. For this reason, such applications demand the use of portable and compact carpet cleaners that are highly efficient and durable. If you are looking for powerful and versatile carpet ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • Optimizing drilling efficiencies with a solids control system

    The correct solids control system can improve drilling rig efficiency, reduce costs and minimize the environmental footprint of your operation Although the use of drilling fluids within the HDD / trenchless industry is still relatively new, recent trends suggest that this standard is shifting as solids control is one of the most important phases in the drilling process. This shift is due ...

  • Odor Control System Addresses Community’s Complaints

    The Customer: The Water Pollution Control Authority (WPCA) of the City of Bridgeport, Connecticut, operates two wastewater treatment facilities and maintains the city’s sewer system. The Customer’s Needs: After years of operating successfully in the community, the City of Bridgeport’s WPCA developed an odor problem at its East Side ...

  • Controlling scale in water systems helps prevent legionella

    The Legionella bacterium, Legionella Pneumophila (LP), the fundamental agent of Legionnaire’s Disease, is a water-based organism, which causes infection when inhaled in an aerosol form. Legionnaires' Disease acquired its name in 1976 when an outbreak of pneumonia occurred among persons attending a convention of the American Legion in Philadelphia. Later, the bacterium causing the illness ...

  • The Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling System (ADMS): comparisons with data from the Kincaid experiment

    In order to test the ability of a model its results must be compared with experimental data; hence validation work is an essential part of the development of any model. This paper presents the results of a validation study of the UK Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling System (UK-ADMS) version 1.06, a short-range dispersion model, against the results of the Kincaid field experiment. Predictions of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Technical and economic evaluation of an off-grid solar desalination system in Myanmar

    Myanmar is a unique country where the majority of the people live in rural areas, away from grid electricity and reliable water supplies. The penetration of grid electricity in rural areas is minimal and even then it is often erratic. This paper focuses on the challenges of transitioning from an electricity-poor country to a renewable energy based-economy augmented with photovoltaics (PV). ...


    By IWA Publishing

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you