pesticide contaminated soil Articles

  • Bioremediation of PCB & Pesticide Contaminated Soils Utilizing Gene Expression Factors

     Abstract Historically soils contaminated by persistent organic compounds such as pesticides and PCBs were not considered good candidates for bioremediation due to the simple fact that the chemical industry designed these compounds to withstand the destructive effects of natural attenuation through weathering and microbial activity. Although the chemical industry has long appreciated the ...


  • In situ bioremediation of pesticides in soil and groundwater

    This article provides a summary of the Adventus Group’s experience with treatment of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in soil and groundwater using DARAMEND® and EHC® bioremediation amendments. The firm has offered DARAMEND for treatment of recalcitrant compounds in soil for more than ten years in both ex situ and in-situ applications. Since OCPs bind strongly to the soil matrix, ...


  • Pesticide Terminator

    Impacted Soil Bioremediation - Environmental Protection magazine (May 2007) As urban centers grow in size, substantial areas of agricultural and industrial land are being converted to residential use. One of the issues frequently encountered when such a change in land use is implemented is the presence of elevated concentrations of chlorinated pesticides and herbicides historically used in ...


  • Bioremediation replaces “dig and dump” for treatment of pesticides in soil

    Historical usage of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) such as DDT, toxaphene and dieldrin has resulted in long-term soil contamination, because these substances typically do not degrade naturally at significant rates, so sites are still impacted decades after the end of application. For example, DDT use in Canada ended over 30 years ago, but impacted soil remains at many sites. Such was the case ...


  • Integrated assessment of climate change impact on surface runoff contamination by pesticides

    Pesticide transport by surface runoff depends on climate, agricultural practices, topography, soil characteristics, crop type, and pest phenology. To accurately assess the impact of climate change, these factors must be accounted for in a single framework by integrating their interaction and uncertainty. This paper presents the development and application of a framework to assess the impact of ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Surfactants enhanced recovery of endosulfan from contaminated soils

    Soil pollution due to hydrophobic organic compounds is a wide environmental problem. Extensive use of endosulfan in cotton and paddy to meet the needs of the growing population has led to contamination of soil and other ecosystems. Endosulfan is hydrophobic, highly toxic to aquatic and human population and persists in soil for more than a year. To overcome the problem of hydrophobicity and ...

  • In-situ stabilization of contaminated sediments at former pesticide facility case study

    Project: West Doane Lake Location: Portland, OR Products: Organoclay® Organic Adsorption Media, Bentomat® ST Geosynthetic Clay Liner Background: Clean-up action was approved by the DEQ for contaminated sediments in West Doane Lake at the former Rhone Poulenc pesticide manufacturing facilitysite located in Northwest ...


    By CETCO

  • Transcriptional profiling of the soil invertebrate (Folsomia candida) in pentachlorophenol contaminated soil

    Pentachlorophenol (PCP) as a widely used pesticide is also considered to be an endocrine disruptor. Molecular effects of chemicals with endocrine disrupting potential on soil invertebrates are largely unknown. In this study we explored the transcriptional expression changes of collembola (Folsomia candida) in response to PCP contamination. A total of 92 genes were significantly differentially ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • In-Situ Oxidation of a Chlorinated Pesticide Impacted Soil - Case Study

    Site Overview Former Agricultural Area in Southern California Contamination DDE, DDD, DDT, Toxaphene History Residual concentrations of chlorinated pesticides (DDE, DDD, DDT, and Toxaphene) were identified in soils around the former farm ...


    By EN Rx

  • Soil Remediation

    Contaminated sites by hazardous substances are a major environmental concern in Europe e throughout the world. Significant financial and human resources are devoted for the remediation of such sites. Many steps have been taken to restrict or ban from use some contaminants (PCBs, IPA, CLB-derivatives) and reduce discharge of others. However, contaminants can persist for many years in soil and ...


  • Soil Flushing

    Introduction In situ soil flushing is the extraction of contaminants from the soil with water or other suitable aqueous solutions. Soil flushing is accomplished by passing the extraction fluid through in-place soils using an injection or infiltration process. Extraction fluids must be recovered from the underlying aquifer and, when possible, they are recycled. Cosolvent Enhancement Cosolvent ...

  • Soil Washing

    Introduction: Soil washing is a water-based process for scrubbing soils ex situ to remove contaminants. The process removes contaminants from soils in one of two ways: By dissolving or suspending them in the wash solution (which can be sustained by chemical manipulation of pH for a period of time). By concentrating them into a smaller volume of soil through particle size ...

  • Factors influencing the spatial distribution of Organochlorine pesticides in soils surrounding chemical industrial parks

    Topsoil samples (n = 105) were collected to study the distribution of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) residues in the vicinity of chemical industrial parks in Tianjin, China. The occurrence and distribution of target organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were mapped to identify the spatial variation using Geographical Information System (GIS). In general, the ...

  • Contamination/Environmental case study

    Orlando Drum Company, Orlando, FL Facility washes and reconditions used drums Mercuri and Associates, Inc. was retained as hydrogeological consultant to verify state allegations of contamination of soil and ground water with heavy metals, pesticides, and volatile organic compounds. Initiated preliminary soil and groundwater sampling program, prepared/submitted ...


    By Mercuri & Associates, Inc.

  • Field-scale cleanup of atrazine and cyanazine contaminated soil with a combined chemical-biological approach

    A former agrichemical dealership in western Nebraska was suspected of having contaminated soil. Our objective was to characterize and remediate the contaminated site by a combined chemical-biological approach. This was accomplished by creating contour maps of the on-site contamination, placing the top 60 cm of contaminated soil in windrows and mixing with a mechanical high-speed mixer. ...

  • Field-scale cleanup of atrazine and cyanazine contaminated soil with a combined chemical-biological approach

    Received for publication August 12, 2008. A former agrichemical dealership in western Nebraska was suspected of having contaminated soil. Our objective was to characterize and remediate the contaminated site by a combined chemical-biological approach. This was accomplished by creating contour maps of the on-site contamination, placing the top 60 cm of contaminated soil in windrows and mixing with ...

  • Natural Attenuation in Soils

    Introduction Surface and subsurface soils have different characteristics in natural attenuation. Mobile contaminants in subsurface soils diffuse into soil vapor and aqueous phase and thus are relatively easily subject to natural subsurface processes that can attenuate these contaminants. Most high-molecular-weight (persistent) organic and many inorganic contaminants will be immobilized in the ...

  • Modelling Pesticide and Nutrient Transport in the Cameron Highlands, Malaysia Agro-Ecosystems

    Cameron Highlands has a long history of intensive horticulture especially vegetable and flower cultivation. This industry uses large amounts of nutrients and pesticides. Several simulation models were used to assess the movement of pesticides and nutrients in relation to agronomic practices in farm plots cultivated with cabbage and chrysanthemum. It was shown that most of the pesticides are ...


    By Springer

  • Modelling Pesticide and Nutrient Transport in the Cameron Highlands, Malaysia Agro-Ecosystems

    Cameron Highlands has a long history of intensive horticulture especially vegetable and flower cultivation. This industry uses large amounts of nutrients and pesticides. Several simulation models were used to assess the movement of pesticides and nutrients in relation to agronomic practices in farm plots cultivated with cabbage and chrysanthemum. It was shown that most of the pesticides are ...


    By Springer

  • Transfer and translocation of organochlorine pesticide residues in an agricultural area of Romania

    The study refers to translocation of some organochlorine persistent pesticides (Lindane, Aldrin, Endosulphane and DDT) in/from soil to surface and underground water and their accumulation in some crops in an agricultural area nearby Bucharest. The samples analysed were soil, surface water (Arges River) and underground water (wells). Pesticide residues were found especially in soil samples, in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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