ph adjustment chemical Articles

  • Chemicals used for pH Adjustment

    The most commonly used neutralization chemicals for acid or base neutralization are 98% Sulfuric acid and 50% Sodium hydroxide. In many cases these are very good choices, however, there are many considerations when selecting chemicals and these may not always be the best selection. The selection of the chemicals used for the neutralization of an acid or base is almost as important as the design ...


    By Digital Analysis Corp.

  • Chemicals used for pH Adjustment

    The Chemistry of Limestone Treatment: Limestone is an alkaline agent with the ability to neutralize, or partially neutralize strong acids. The neutralization process occurs when strong acids, in intimate contact with limestone chips, react with Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3, the primary constituent of limestone) to form water, carbon dioxide and calcium salts. The following depicts the neutralization ...


    By Digital Analysis Corp.

  • pH Adjustment - A Primer

    A brief review of the definition of pH, the pH scale, and some of the chemistry involved in pH Adjustment systems is provided below. For some this may be trivial, yet for many others this may be useful. The information provided below is typical of the background information we provide in our training classes / seminars. By Definition pH is the measure of free hydrogen activity in water and can be ...


    By Digital Analysis Corp.

  • Surface Water Monitoring - Case Study

    Safe operation of a Water Treatment Plant (WTP) requires careful monitoring of the water supply influent to the plant, as a guard for any substances entering the treatment works that could negatively impact treated water quality in the distribution system. One aspect of water quality that has recently garnered more attention from authorities and utilities is Natural Organic Matter (NOM), which ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • Using AquaBupH to adjust aquifer PH: ESTCP-funded project at Charleston Naval weapons station - Case Study

    Elevated levels of trichloroethene (TCE) were found in groundwater at a Department of De-fense (DoD) facility in Charleston, SC. Under an ESTCP-funded in situ technology demonstra-tion project , the Navy had been effectively remediating contamination until a drop in aquifer pH caused dechlorination rates to decline. Solutions-IES responded with a study and applica-tion of buffered substrate to ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • pH-adjustment strategy for volatile fatty acid production from high-strength wastewater for biological nutrient removal

    Volatile fatty acid (VFA) production from three types of high-strength organic wastewater (cassava thin stillage, starch wastewater and yellow-wine processing wastewater) were compared. The results showed that cassava thin stillage was the most suitable substrate, based on its high specific VFA production (0.68 g chemical oxygen demand (COD)/g initial soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD)) and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Study of fouling in two-stage reverse osmosis desalination unit operating without an inlet pH adjustment: diagnosis and implications

    In the current work, the diagnosis of a reverse osmosis desalination unit is reported. Over the two last decades, the studied desalination unit was supplying a 1,200 bed hotel. The feed water was driven from a well near the sea. The desalination unit has two stages giving an average recovery equal to 81%. The behaviour of all water streams with respect to aggressiveness and scaling tendency ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Getting back to basics: What is pH?

    Getting back to basics: What is pH? The most used measure in wastewater treatment, and for good reasons The “potential of hydrogen” or “pH” is the measure of free hydrogen activity in water and thereby indicative of the measure of its free acidity or free alkalinity. Gauged on a numeric scale of 0-14, solutions with a pH of less than 7.0 are acids. ...


  • Calculating chemical speciation, pH, saturation index and calcium carbonate precipitation potential (CCPP) based on alkalinity and acidity using OpenModelica

    Of the most commonly used calcium carbonate (CaCO3) saturation indices, the Calcium Carbonate Precipitation Potential (CCPP) most accurately describes CaCO3 precipitation and dissolution. This paper illustrates how to write an OpenModelica programme that calculates the CCPP and other key water parameters starting from total alkalinity and CO2-acidity. It describes the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recovery of Cu(II) by chemical reduction using sodium dithionite: effect of pH and ligands

    Wastewaters containing Cu(II) and ligands are ubiquitous in various industrial sectors, and efficacy of copper removal processes, especially precipitation, is greatly compromised by ligands. Chemical reduction, being commonly employed for production of metal nanoparticles, is also effective for metal removal. Adjustment of pH and addition of ligands are important to control the particle size ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • DOD evaluates bioaugmentation for remediating low-pH aquifers

    The US Department of Defense (DOD) has completed pilot-scale work on the 'MAG-1' site at Fort Dix, NJ, to test suitability of anaerobic bioremediation for an aquifer with low pH. Project results will be used to design full-scale ground-water treatment at MAG-1. In addition, technical criteria gained from the demonstration will be integrated into DOD’s remediation strategy for its many facilities ...

  • Effects of pH on uranium uptake and oxidative stress responses induced in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Uranium (U) causes oxidative stress in Arabidopsis thaliana plants grown at pH 5.5. However, U speciation and as such its toxicity strongly depends on environmental parameters, e.g. pH. It is unknown how different U species determine U uptake and translocation within plants and how they might affect the oxidative defense mechanisms of these plants. The present study aimed to analyze U uptake ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • The Control of pH and Oxidation Reduction Potential (ORP) in Cooling Tower Applications

    The importance of keeping cooling tower water in proper chemical balance is becoming clearer. Cooling tower treatment control systems can limit scale formation to improve efficiency, limit corrosion to increase the service life of the cooling water system, and maintain a residual halogen level to reduce liability associated with biological growth, particularly Legionellae.   The use of ...


    By Walchem, Iwaki America Inc.

  • Sustainable wastewater treatment chemicals in a food processing plant

    A food ingredients manufacturer was using an inorganic aluminium metal salt with pH correction to treat their effluent. This chemical regime refused to give them any real control over their effluent characterisation. Their effluent plant required constant monitoring and adjustment. The inability to control the characterisation of the effluent exiting the site meant non-compliance to the ...


    By Atana Limited

  • Chemical and Biological Treatability Testing of an Industrial Leachate

    Remediation efforts are ongoing at the Avtex Fibers Superfund Site in Front Royal, Virginia. As part of the future remediation of several surface impoundments used for viscose waste disposal during plant operation, it may be necessary to extract contaminated leachate and groundwater for ex-situ treatment and discharge to the Shenandoah River. This waste stream contains high concentrations of ...

  • Looking Beyond Chemical Water Treatment Case Study

    When you think of an environmentally friendly company, a steel processing plant does not typically come to mind. However, Stripco Inc. of Mishawaka, IN, a manufacturer of production-ready, cold-rolled steel coils, is the exception. In August of 1995, Stripco made a wise decision that also proved to be cost-effective and environmentally- friendly when they installed a Superior Environmentalist ...

  • Reduction dye in paint and construction chemicals wastewater by improved coagulation–flocculation process

    A coagulation–flocculation process was applied to wastewater of paint and construction chemicals producing factory in Turkey. Ferric chloride was used as coagulant and several natural based materials, namely limestone, pumice, sepiolite, bentonite and mussel shell were used as flocculant aids. The effects of dosage of flocculant aids on the pH, color and electrical conductivity of wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Selenium recovery from kiln powder of cement manufacturing by chemical leaching and bioreduction

    A novel process by using chemical leaching followed by bacterial reductive precipitation was proposed for selenium recovery from kiln powder as a byproduct of cement manufacturing. The kiln powder at a slurry concentration of 10 w/v% with 0.25 M Na2CO3 at 28°C produced wastewater containing about 30 mg-Se/L selenium. The wastewater was diluted four-fold and adjusted to pH 8.0 as ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Calibration and use of the polar organic chemical integrative sampler—a critical review

    The implementation of strict environmental quality standards for polar organic priority pollutants poses a challenge for monitoring programs. The polar organic chemical integrative sampler (POCIS) may help to address the challenge of measuring low and fluctuating trace concentrations of such organic contaminants, offering significant advantages over traditional sampling. In the present review, ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Evaporator Limits Boron to 5 PPM at award-winning chemical plant

    Problem: The biggest challenge confronting Rohm & Haas Corp. in building a wastewater plant for its chemical facility in Elma, Wash., was meeting Washington State Dept. of Ecology limitations on boron of 5 ppm. The Elma plant manufactures sodium borohydride, a versatile chemical used in a variety of applications ranging from the generation of sodium hydrosulfite for reductive bleaching of ...


    By Oil Skimmers, Inc.

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you