ph indicator paper Articles

  • pH Adjustment - A Primer

    A brief review of the definition of pH, the pH scale, and some of the chemistry involved in pH Adjustment systems is provided below. For some this may be trivial, yet for many others this may be useful. The information provided below is typical of the background information we provide in our training classes / seminars. By Definition pH is the measure of free hydrogen activity in water and can be ...


    By Digital Analysis Corp.

  • Bioremediation of Effluent the Pulp and Paper Industry

    The treatment of industrial effluent from the paper manufacturing facilities in British Columbia is a major concern because the effluent is discharged into prime salmon habitat in the marine environment (Cross, 1994). High levels of biological oxygen demand (BOD) in the effluent reduce the dissolved oxygen (DO) available to species in the marine environment. In 1988, the Federal Department of ...


  • The Influence of Alkalising Amines on the Film Formation of Oleyldiamine Paper

    Summary The film formation of film forming amines (FFAs), commonly used as corrosion inhibitors in water/steam cycles, has been subject of various studies. However, less is known of the impact of alkalising amines (AA) on the film formation. AAs have a solubilising effect on the FFA and as a consequence might indirectly influence the properties of the ...


    By Kurita

  • Preparation of cationic waste paper and its application in poisonous dye removal

    Cationic paper was prepared by reaction of paper with 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethylammonium chloride in aqueous suspension, and tested as low-cost adsorbent for wastewater treatment. The experimental results revealed that anionic dyes (Acid Orange 7, Acid Red 18, and Acid Blue 92) were adsorbed on the cationic paper nicely. The maximum amount of dye Acid Orange 7 adsorbed on cationic paper was 337.2 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Chemical sequential extraction of heavy metals and sulphur in bottom ash and in fly ash from a pulp and paper mill complex

    A five-stage sequential extraction procedure was used to determine the distribution of 11 metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Mo, Pb, Zn, As, Co, V, Ni, Ba), and sulphur (S) in bottom ash and in fly ash from a fluidized bed co-combustion (i.e. wood and peat) boiler of Stora Enso Oyj Oulu Mill at Oulu, Northern Finland, into the following fractions: (1) water-soluble fraction (H2O); (2) exchangeable fraction ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Optimization of paper mill industry wastewater treatment by electrocoagulation and electro-Fenton processes using response surface methodology

    This study deals with chemical oxygen demand (COD), phenol and Ca+2 removal from paper mill industry wastewater by electrocoagulation (EC) and electro-Fenton (EF) processes. A response surface methodology (RSM) approach was employed to evaluate the effects and interactions of the process variables and to optimize the performance of both processes. Significant quadratic polynomial models were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Adsorption of hexavalent chromium on dunite

    The paper presents and discusses the effect of various physicochemical parameters (e.g. pH, ionic strength, Cr(VI) initial concentration, amount of the adsorbent, temperature and contact time between metal ion and adsorbent) on the adsorption efficiency of Cr(VI) on dunite in aqueous solutions under atmospheric conditions. Evaluation of the experimental data shows that dunite presents increased ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mechanistic study of ozonation of p-nitrophenol in aqueous solution

    Ozonlysis in the treatment of p-nitrophenol solution was studied in this paper. The results indicated that the decomposition of p-nitrophenol was accelerated as the gas flow rate or pH value increased. When gaseous ozone concentration was 20.11 mg/L and pH was 3, after 24 min reaction, the removal rate of p-nitrophenol reached 73.04%, 86.11%, 91.71 % and 95% at the gas flow rate of 32, 40, 48 and ...


    By IOS Press

  • Photodegradation of diclofenac in aqueous solution by simulated sunlight irradiation: kinetics, thermodynamics and pathways

    Diclofenac (DCF) is one of the most frequently detected pharmaceuticals in various water samples. This paper studied the effects of aquatic environmental factors (pH, temperature and dissolved organic matter) on photodegradation of DCF under simulated sunlight. The results demonstrate that degradation pathways proceed via pseudo first-order kinetics in all cases and the photodegradation of DCF ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling Strategy for SBR Recovery after Upset

    The paper presents results of treatability study on wastewater highly contaminated with ammonia (800 mg/l), (phenols (300 mg/l), thiocyanate (210 mg/l), and arsenic up to 11 mg/l. The study was conducted in two sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) using biomass from a coke plant. After two months of acclimatization the biomass was able to remove ammonia to below 1 mg/l and phenols and thiocynate ...

  • Inactivation of particle-associated Escherichia coli with chlorine dioxide

    In this paper, the inactivation of both free Escherichia coli (FE) and particle-associated E. coli (PAE) with chlorine dioxide (ClO2) were investigated using granular activated carbon effluent water samples. The inactivation rate of FE was higher than that of PAE and the reactivation ratio of PAE was higher than that of FE, indicating the threat of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The role of Arthrobacter viscosus in the removal of Pb(II) from aqueous solutions

    The aim of this paper was to establish the optimum parameters for the biosorption of Pb(II) by dead and living Arthrobacter viscosus biomass from aqueous solution. It was found that at an initial pH of 4 and 26 °C, the dead biomass was able to remove 97% of 100 mg/L Pb(II), while the living biomass removed 96% of 100 mg/L Pb(II) at an initial pH of 6 and 28 ± 2 °C. The results were modeled ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Leach Tests on Lime-Treated Clays

    This paper describes the design, use, and results of a multiple leach-cell operation to test the changes in permeability and calcium removal of a lime-treated expansive clay under continuous water leaching. Seventy laboratory-prepared lime-treated clay specimens were subjected to continuous accelerated leaching for periods of 45 and 90 days with varying lime contents and compactive moisture ...


    By ASTM International

  • Removal of ammonium from aqueous solutions using the residue obtained from struvite pyrogenation

    This paper reports the results of laboratory studies on the removal of ammonium from aqueous solutions using struvite pyrogenation residues. A series of experiments were conducted to examine the effects of the pyrogenation temperature (90–210 °C) and time (0.5–4 h) on the ammonium release of struvite. In addition, the pyrolysate of struvite produced at different pyrogenation temperatures and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Electrochemical degradation of methyl parathion

    This paper describes the degradation of commercially available methyl parathion by electro oxidation using Ti/RuO2 as anode, stainless steel as cathode and sodium chloride as a supporting electrolyte. Experiments were carried out at constant flow rate and various current densities such as 10, 12 and 15 A/dm² and various concentrations of sodium chloride. At regular time ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Implications and remediations of DMAEA-Q type polymer hydrolysis in wastewater treatment plants

    The present paper outlines the impact of hydrolysis occurring in DMAEA-Q type polymers in the dewatering facilities of municipal wastewater treatment plants. Laboratory studies of polymer hydrolysis kinetics were combined with full-scale dewatering experiments to investigate the influence of polymer charge loss on polymer consumption and cake dry matter yields. The results indicate that prolonged ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Microencapsulation of bacteriophage felix o1 into chitosan-alginate microspheres for oral delivery

    This paper reports the development of microencapsulated bacteriophage Felix O1 for oral delivery using a chitosan-alginate-CaCl2 system. In vitro studies were used to determine the effects of simulated gastric fluid (SGF) and bile salts on the viability of free and encapsulated phage. Free phage Felix O1 was found to be extremely sensitive to ...

  • Effect of different carriers and operating parameters on degradation of flax wastewater by fluidized-bed Fenton process

    This investigation evaluates the effectiveness of a fluidized-bed Fenton process in treating flax wastewater. Flax wastewater was taken from a paper-making factory in a secondary sedimentation tank effluent of a paper-making factory in Hebei. The performance of three carriers (SiO2, Al2O3, Fe2O3) used in the reactor was compared, and the effects of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of steel slag on the ammonium adsorption by zeolite and a new configuration of zeolite-steel slag substrate for constructed wetlands

    The CaO dissolution from slag, as well as the effects of influencing parameters (i.e. pH and Ca2+ concentration) on the ammonium adsorption onto zeolite, was systematically studied in this paper. Modeling results of Ca2+ and OH− release from slag indicated that pseudo-second-order reaction had a better fitness than pseudo-first-order reaction. Changing pH value from 7 to 12 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water polishing of phenol by walnut green hull as adsorbent: an insight of adsorption isotherm and kinetic

    The present paper aims to investigate water purification of phenol by walnut green hull adsorbent. The surface characteristics of the adsorbent were studied using Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR), scanning electron microscope, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The presence of functional groups such as hydroxyl and carbonyl onto walnut green hull surface was proved by FTIR analysis. ...


    By IWA Publishing

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