ph paper Articles

  • Two Detector Solution to Analyzing Sulfur

    Sulfur compounds are reactive, corrosive to pipes, and destructive to catalysts in petroleum refineries. Sulfur emission are strictly regulated globally. When released into the atmosphere sulfur dioxide converts to sulfuric acid resulting in adverse effects on human health and the environment. Sulfur detection is found useful in many other industries; therefore, detection of sulfur compounds in ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • pH Adjustment - A Primer

    A brief review of the definition of pH, the pH scale, and some of the chemistry involved in pH Adjustment systems is provided below. For some this may be trivial, yet for many others this may be useful. The information provided below is typical of the background information we provide in our training classes / seminars. By Definition pH is the measure of free hydrogen activity in water and can be ...


    By Digital Analysis Corp.

  • White paper - Neutralization theory

    The most common measurement made in water-pollution control, particularly in the area of industrial wastewater treatment, is pH. Acidic and basic substances, which define pH, have a severe effect on aquatic life and, in turn, an effect on humans. Since acids and bases are used extensively in industry, it is important to understand these effects, because pH measurement is the essential key to ...


    By W2 Systems

  • Recent Papers on Industrial Effluents

    This study offers a solution for reducing the environmental effect of wastewaters generated by the olive-oil industry. Olive-oil companies produce variable quantities of wastewaters, which require treatment for disposal or reuse. Today, regulations are becoming increasingly strict regarding the parameters measured in these effluents. In Spain, the resolution by the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring pH and ORP in a SHARON reactor

    This paper analyses the valuable information provided by the on-line measurements of pH and oxidation reduction potential (ORP) in a continuous single high ammonia removal over nitrite (SHARON) reactor. A laboratory-scale SHARON reactor equipped with pH, ORP, electric conductivity and dissolved oxygen (DO) probes has been operated for more than one year. Nitrogen removal over nitrite has been ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • White paper - Chemical feed control

    The controls, alarms and external contacts are shown on the drawings. As the amount of chemical needed to neutralize the wastewater varies exponentially from neutral pH 7, special consideration must be given to control overshooting the pH. Chemicals, especially viscous caustic soda, must be fully mixed in the compartment before more is added. Rather than modulating the pump settings, the pump is ...


    By W2 Systems

  • Paper & Pulp Industry Wastewater Treatment

    Pulp and Paper Wastewater Corrugator Saves $70k Per Year Paper and pulp wastewater treatment doesn't have to be costly and troublesome. Your paper pulp wastewater can be ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Bioremediation of Effluent the Pulp and Paper Industry

    The treatment of industrial effluent from the paper manufacturing facilities in British Columbia is a major concern because the effluent is discharged into prime salmon habitat in the marine environment (Cross, 1994). High levels of biological oxygen demand (BOD) in the effluent reduce the dissolved oxygen (DO) available to species in the marine environment. In 1988, the Federal Department of ...


  • Case study - paper mill retrofit

    Introduction Clean Water Technology, Inc., the creator of the Gas Energy Mixing (GEM) System, the most advanced primary treatment system on the market. The GEM System provides superior reduction of total suspended solids (TSS), biological and chemical oxygen demand (BOD/COD), fats, oils and grease (FOG) and turbidity. Challenge A prominent paper mill company ...


    By Clean Water Technology, Inc.

  • The Influence of Alkalising Amines on the Film Formation of Oleyldiamine Paper

    Summary The film formation of film forming amines (FFAs), commonly used as corrosion inhibitors in water/steam cycles, has been subject of various studies. However, less is known of the impact of alkalising amines (AA) on the film formation. AAs have a solubilising effect on the FFA and as a consequence might indirectly influence the properties of the ...


    By Kurita

  • An Overview of Corrugator Paper Pulp Wastewater Treatment

    Wastewater Treatment Success Stories Class 'A' Wasterwater Treatment Facility Printing Facility - 40% Cost Reduction Zero ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Effect of different pH coking wastewater on adsorption of coking coal

    H2SO4 has an effect on the sorption of organic contaminants by coking coal (CC) in wastewater. This paper focused on the effect of pH on the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD), phenols and ammonia. UV-vis spectra, Fourier transform infrared spectra, zeta potential and Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (BET) analysis were investigated to characterize the changes of CC properties and coking ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Low-pH Ammonia Oxidation at a Biological Nutrient Removal Facility

    ABSTRACTMcAlpine Creek Wastewater Management Facility (MCWWMF), owned and operated by Charlotte Mecklenburg Utilities (CMU) of Charlotte, North Carolina, is permitted to treat 64 million gallons per day (mgd). Along with MCWWMF, three CMU treatment plants discharge effluent into the Catawba River just upstream of the South Carolina border. CMU worked with North and South Carolina regulators ...

  • Preparation of cationic waste paper and its application in poisonous dye removal

    Cationic paper was prepared by reaction of paper with 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethylammonium chloride in aqueous suspension, and tested as low-cost adsorbent for wastewater treatment. The experimental results revealed that anionic dyes (Acid Orange 7, Acid Red 18, and Acid Blue 92) were adsorbed on the cationic paper nicely. The maximum amount of dye Acid Orange 7 adsorbed on cationic paper was 337.2 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pulp & Paper: Great Northern Uses Venturi Scrubbers Case Study

    The Great Northern Paper Co.’s mill in Millinocket, Maine, produces about 500,000 tpy of paper for telephone directories, magazines, almanacs, business forms, catalogs, and school workbooks. Pulp is produced in the form of chips, using the sulfite chemical process. The chips are cooked in a magnesium bisulfite solution in batch digesters at specific temperatures and pressure. When the ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Windrow co-composting of shredded office paper and Broiler Litter

    The co-composting of shredded waste office paper with Broiler Litter (BL) in windrows was analysed in this study. Two compost mixes were monitored for five weeks; Mix 1 comprised 322kg BL, 117 kg shredded paper and 310L water and Mix 2 consisted of 112 kg BL, 265 kg shredded paper and 290 L water. The initial wet moisture content, initial porosity and initial wet bulk density for Mix 1 were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nanosensors applied to water quality: developing a low-cost pH sensor for natural water, and application of other techniques

    A low-cost optical sensor built-in strip has been developed from a composite obtained with application of in-situ chemical polymerisation, using polyaniline in the emeraldine oxidation state, doped with HCl onto poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) film, used to measured the pH of water. The absorption of UV-Vis spectra was used to evaluate the optical response to pH change of natural water. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Pilot scale investigation of coagulation combined with ozonation and pH adjustment in treatment of NOM rich water

    This paper presents the results of a pilot scale investigation of coagulation using aluminium based coagulants (polyaluminium chloride sulphate (PACL1) and polyaluminium chloride (PACL2)), combined with pre-ozonation and pH adjustment, on natural organic matter (NOM) removal from groundwater. Tests were conducted at a semi-industrial pilot plant, using groundwater with a high content of NOM ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Instrumentation and Operational Considerations for On-Line pH Measurement in Samples Below 10µS/cm Conductivity

    Ordinarily pH measurements are made in water with 1,000 to 10,000 µS/cm conductivity. The conductivity comes from dissolved solids which are typically salts but also acid or base. These dissolved substances are in the solution in ion form which makes such solutions conducting. With conductivities of 1,000 µS/ cm or more, an ample supply of mobile ions provides pH electrodes with a ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

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