pH sensing Articles

  • pH Electrode Architecture

    A pH Electrode can be compared to a battery in that an electrical voltage is generated between two points that is a function of water chemistry. In the case of a pH electrode the voltage potential is a function of the acidity or alkalinity of the solution in which it is immersed. Note: The terms pH electrodes and pH probes are often used synonymously, despite the fact that there are differences. ...


    By Digital Analysis Corp.

  • pH Adjustment - A Primer

    A brief review of the definition of pH, the pH scale, and some of the chemistry involved in pH Adjustment systems is provided below. For some this may be trivial, yet for many others this may be useful. The information provided below is typical of the background information we provide in our training classes / seminars. By Definition pH is the measure of free hydrogen activity in water and can be ...


    By Digital Analysis Corp.

  • pH Probe Maintenance

    The success or failure of pH measurement depends on the proper application of the probe and proper subsequent maintenance of the probe. The procedures described within apply to the most common pH probe in use today and that is the flat surface combination pH probe. The most common failure mode associated with pH probes is breakage. The pH electrode is a very thin glass membrane that is easily ...


    By Digital Analysis Corp.

  • pH/ORP Sensors for Metallurgical Applications

    Importance of pH Measurement Hydrometallurgical concentrating and refining applications require pH/ORP sensors to withstand aggressive environments while maintaining accurate measurement. Processes such as cyanide leaching (e.g gold) and solvent extraction (e.g. copper, nickel, zinc) require pH and ORP to be at very specific values to yield the desired chemical species. pH may need ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Getting back to basics: What is pH?

    Getting back to basics: What is pH? The most used measure in wastewater treatment, and for good reasons The “potential of hydrogen” or “pH” is the measure of free hydrogen activity in water and thereby indicative of the measure of its free acidity or free alkalinity. Gauged on a numeric scale of 0-14, solutions with a pH of less than 7.0 are acids. ...

  • Hydrogen ion sensing characteristics of IGZO/Si electrode in EGFET

    In–Ga–Zn–O (IGZO) was widely applied in the substrate of TFT to replace α–Si in recent years. In this study, IGZO layer with thickness of 70 nm is firstly proposed as a pH–sensing membrane directly deposited on P–type Si substrate acting as an extended gate of conventional extended–gate field–effect transistor (EGFET). Post–deposition rapid thermal anneal (RTA) was performed to improve pH sensing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Map algal blooms with satellite remote sensing technology

    The quality of water bodies is a key determinant in the usability of the resource for the purpose required. It is therefore of great importance to managers of hydrologic resources to be able to confidently tell the status of their water resource. One of the major problems in the quality of surface water bodies is the blooming of algae and blue green algae. Algal blooms can result in ecological, ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Water Treatment using Wireless I/0

    Rugged Wireless I/O network from Banner Engineering for remote sensing and actuation Banner Engineering offers a rugged, self-contained wireless network that provides reliable configured I/O for remote sensing and actuation. The DX series are designed for process and assembly/manufacturing automation, remote tank level management and waste water treatment installations. Monitoring ...


    By Banner Engineering Corp.

  • Hydrogen Sulfide Scrubber Systems in Hydrometallurgical Application

    Hydrogen Sulfide is a highly toxic and flammable gas. Being heavier than air, it tends to accumulate at the bottom of poorly ventilated spaces. Although very pungent at first, it quickly deadens the sense of smell, so potential victims may be unaware of its presence until it is too late. The lethal concentration for 50% of humans is 800ppm for 5 minutes of exposure. H2S is a by-product in many ...


    By Macrotek Inc.

  • Silver nanoparticles embedded three dimensional silicate sol–gel matrix modified electrode for nitrite sensor application

    A simple amperometric sensor was fabricated by using silver nanoparticles (Agnps) embedded three dimensional silicate sol–gel (SG) matrix (SG–Agnps). The silver nanoparticles stabilised by SH functionalised 3–D silicate sol–gel network was coated on the glassy carbon electrode and used for the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Laser–ablative nanostructuring of surfaces

    We present an overview of laser methods for nanostructuring of surfaces that are in the focus of ongoing research activities of our Institute (LP3). The methods imply the removal of material by laser radiation to provide either spontaneous nanostructuring of laser–illuminated surface or its controlled nano–modification. Here, the desired relief or architecture is achieved through a proper ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Waste water treatment costs reduced by 50% with rotary vacuum precoat filter - Case Study

    Problem: The solids separation system at Lindc's waste water treatment facility had high operating, maintenance and sludge disposal costs. High operating costs were caused by the large pumps and special treatment chemical required to operate the filter, and frequent cleaning, repair and replacement of filter elements resulted in high maintenance costs. Union Carbide Corporation's Linde ...


    By Komline-Sanderson

  • Phenotypic heterogeneity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates in the protected nature park ‘Palić’ (Serbia)

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a globally distributed environmental bacterium, which is also a significant opportunistic pathogen of humans, animals and plants. It is considered that wide distribution of this bacterium is connected with its most significant constitutive property to form biofilms, and that this multicellular mode of growth, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of emerging hydrological, water quality issues and policy discussion on water sharing of transboundary Kabul River

    Transboundary water sharing policy between Pakistan and Afghanistan along with emerging issues over the Transboundary Kabul River have been discussed incorporating long-term hydrological trend analysis, water quality issues and temporal changes in land cover/land use. The annual (1977–2015) mean river flow of 26.32 billion (109) cubic metres (BCM) with a range of 13.77 to 42.2 BCM and standard ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of long-term selection for kernel oil concentration in KYHO, a high-oil maize population

    A high-oil maize (Zea mays L.) (HOM) population, KYHO, was developed across 10 generations by selective breeding. The objectives of this investigation were to evaluate the effects of selection for kernel oil on correlated traits and measure the genetic variance of kernel oil content (KOC). Kernel oil content, kernel protein content (KPC), and kernel starch content (KSC) were estimated by ...

  • Gatwick airport - A case study

    These new systems included de-icing equipment and bird control and dispersal equipment. GATWICK has used SCARECROW vehicle based systems since 1985, regularly upgraded as our technology developed, so it was no surprise to be asked to demonstrate ULTIMA and to install two V3 systems in May 2010. We are grateful to Andy Crabb, Airside Operations Manager for providing this Case Study. Paul ...


    By Scarecrow

  • LG Sonic to automatically predict algal blooms

    LG Sonic will make use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to further develop the software algorithm which will make it possible to predict algal blooms based on water quality data automatically. Furthermore, it will provide detailed information about the intensity and the impact of the algal bloom on the ecosystem of the water body. The updated algorithm will be implemented in LG Sonic’s ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Gas Detection and Monitoring Systems

    In greenhouse applications, the accurate measurement of a number of environmental parameters such as carbon dioxide concentration, temperature, light intensity, water, humidity, pH and nutrient levels using sophisticated sensors is used to create a controlled environment for optimising plant growth rates while minimising energy usage. Carbon dioxide concentration is also one of the best ...


    By Edinburgh Sensors Ltd

  • In-situ quality monitoring station in Lower Saxony

    Background 'Duemmer' is a shallow lake in the south-west of Lower Saxony; through the lake flows the river 'Hunte'. The catchment area spans 426 km2. With a surface of 12.4 km2 and an average depth of 1.1 m there is a water volume of approx. 14 million m3. Large parts of the lakeside are a nature reserve and the lake is a popular local recreation area. The lake suffers from strong nutrient ...


    By OTT HydroMet

  • Why are we monitoring nutrients at different depths?

    Recently, LG Sonic introduced the MPC-Lab, an innovative monitoring buoy that can monitor algae, physico-chemical variables, and even nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus in near real-time and at different depths in a body of water. Combined with our other monitoring tools, this system offers a unique way to detect the spatial and temporal patterns of nutrient concentrations which play a ...


    By LG Sonic

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