ph sensing Articles

  • pH Electrode Architecture

    A pH Electrode can be compared to a battery in that an electrical voltage is generated between two points that is a function of water chemistry. In the case of a pH electrode the voltage potential is a function of the acidity or alkalinity of the solution in which it is immersed. Note: The terms pH electrodes and pH probes are often used synonymously, despite the fact that there are differences. ...


    By Digital Analysis Corp.

  • pH Adjustment - A Primer

    A brief review of the definition of pH, the pH scale, and some of the chemistry involved in pH Adjustment systems is provided below. For some this may be trivial, yet for many others this may be useful. The information provided below is typical of the background information we provide in our training classes / seminars. By Definition pH is the measure of free hydrogen activity in water and can be ...


    By Digital Analysis Corp.

  • pH Probe Maintenance

    The success or failure of pH measurement depends on the proper application of the probe and proper subsequent maintenance of the probe. The procedures described within apply to the most common pH probe in use today and that is the flat surface combination pH probe. The most common failure mode associated with pH probes is breakage. The pH electrode is a very thin glass membrane that is easily ...


    By Digital Analysis Corp.

  • pH/ORP Sensors for Metallurgical Applications

    Importance of pH Measurement Hydrometallurgical concentrating and refining applications require pH/ORP sensors to withstand aggressive environments while maintaining accurate measurement. Processes such as cyanide leaching (e.g gold) and solvent extraction (e.g. copper, nickel, zinc) require pH and ORP to be at very specific values to yield the desired chemical species. pH may need ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Getting back to basics: What is pH?

    Getting back to basics: What is pH? The most used measure in wastewater treatment, and for good reasons The “potential of hydrogen” or “pH” is the measure of free hydrogen activity in water and thereby indicative of the measure of its free acidity or free alkalinity. Gauged on a numeric scale of 0-14, solutions with a pH of less than 7.0 are acids. ...

  • Hydrogen ion sensing characteristics of IGZO/Si electrode in EGFET

    In–Ga–Zn–O (IGZO) was widely applied in the substrate of TFT to replace α–Si in recent years. In this study, IGZO layer with thickness of 70 nm is firstly proposed as a pH–sensing membrane directly deposited on P–type Si substrate acting as an extended gate of conventional extended–gate field–effect transistor (EGFET). Post–deposition rapid thermal anneal (RTA) was performed to improve pH sensing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water Treatment using Wireless I/0

    Rugged Wireless I/O network from Banner Engineering for remote sensing and actuation Banner Engineering offers a rugged, self-contained wireless network that provides reliable configured I/O for remote sensing and actuation. The DX series are designed for process and assembly/manufacturing automation, remote tank level management and waste water treatment installations. Monitoring ...


    By Banner Engineering Corp.

  • Hydrogen Sulfide Scrubber Systems in Hydrometallurgical Application

    Hydrogen Sulfide is a highly toxic and flammable gas. Being heavier than air, it tends to accumulate at the bottom of poorly ventilated spaces. Although very pungent at first, it quickly deadens the sense of smell, so potential victims may be unaware of its presence until it is too late. The lethal concentration for 50% of humans is 800ppm for 5 minutes of exposure. H2S is a by-product in many ...


    By Macrotek Inc.

  • Silver nanoparticles embedded three dimensional silicate sol–gel matrix modified electrode for nitrite sensor application

    A simple amperometric sensor was fabricated by using silver nanoparticles (Agnps) embedded three dimensional silicate sol–gel (SG) matrix (SG–Agnps). The silver nanoparticles stabilised by SH functionalised 3–D silicate sol–gel network was coated on the glassy carbon electrode and used for the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Phenotypic heterogeneity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates in the protected nature park ‘Palić’ (Serbia)

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a globally distributed environmental bacterium, which is also a significant opportunistic pathogen of humans, animals and plants. It is considered that wide distribution of this bacterium is connected with its most significant constitutive property to form biofilms, and that this multicellular mode of growth, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Laser–ablative nanostructuring of surfaces

    We present an overview of laser methods for nanostructuring of surfaces that are in the focus of ongoing research activities of our Institute (LP3). The methods imply the removal of material by laser radiation to provide either spontaneous nanostructuring of laser–illuminated surface or its controlled nano–modification. Here, the desired relief or architecture is achieved through a proper ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effects of long-term selection for kernel oil concentration in KYHO, a high-oil maize population

    A high-oil maize (Zea mays L.) (HOM) population, KYHO, was developed across 10 generations by selective breeding. The objectives of this investigation were to evaluate the effects of selection for kernel oil on correlated traits and measure the genetic variance of kernel oil content (KOC). Kernel oil content, kernel protein content (KPC), and kernel starch content (KSC) were estimated by ...

  • Recycling Using Antifreeze with Electrodionization

    Recycling used antifreeze makes sense for two reasons: 1) It is cost-effective, and 2) It saves resources. Ethylene glycol, the primary active ingredient in antifreeze, is produced from natural gas, which is a finite, non-renewable resource. For businesses that use a lot of antifreeze, like automobile repair shops, setting up an antifreeze recycling program can significantly reduce management ...


  • Gatwick airport - A case study

    These new systems included de-icing equipment and bird control and dispersal equipment. GATWICK has used SCARECROW vehicle based systems since 1985, regularly upgraded as our technology developed, so it was no surprise to be asked to demonstrate ULTIMA and to install two V3 systems in May 2010. We are grateful to Andy Crabb, Airside Operations Manager for providing this Case Study. Paul ...

  • In-situ quality monitoring station in Lower Saxony

    Background 'Duemmer' is a shallow lake in the south-west of Lower Saxony; through the lake flows the river 'Hunte'. The catchment area spans 426 km2. With a surface of 12.4 km2 and an average depth of 1.1 m there is a water volume of approx. 14 million m3. Large parts of the lakeside are a nature reserve and the lake is a popular local recreation area. The lake suffers from strong nutrient ...

  • Gas Detection and Monitoring Systems

    In greenhouse applications, the accurate measurement of a number of environmental parameters such as carbon dioxide concentration, temperature, light intensity, water, humidity, pH and nutrient levels using sophisticated sensors is used to create a controlled environment for optimising plant growth rates while minimising energy usage. Carbon dioxide concentration is also one of the best ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • Case study - Public-private partnership successfully tests leakwise early oil spill detection sensor in the tidal Delaware river

    Background In the summer of 2011, the Delaware River Basin Commission (DRBC) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collaborated with GE Analytical Instruments on a unique test deployment of an oil sheen sensor in the tidal Delaware River. The idea for the test deployment arose during meetings of the Delaware River and Bay Oil Spill Advisory Committee, which includes organizations and ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Tech update: Plant instrumentation - food engineering

    Sensors and other devices are the foot soldiers in automation architecture, but most food and beverage manufacturers still are looking for full value. You know an equipment category has arrived when it starts getting its own industry-specific center. For the food production sensors that do the heavy lifting in instrumentation technology, that day could arrive earlier rather than ...


    By Hardy Process Solutions

  • Do You Need a Boiler Feedwater Treatment System for Your Plant?

    If you use an industrial boiler to create energy with steam, chances are you need some sort of boiler feedwater treatment system. But why? We know that natural water sources carry impurities that can cause harmful deposits, carryover, and corrosion in your boiler system. We also know that the higher the pressure your boiler runs at, the more pure your water source needs to be. ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Organics Monitoring: A Practical Guide

    Preventing product loss, lowering waste treatment costs, and reducing system maintenance and energy consumption through organics monitoring in the chemical, refining, food, and wastewater treatment industries. Summary Process water and steam condensate contamination includes organic, inorganic, and biological components. Sources of organic contamination include process ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

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