ph treatment Articles

  • What is a wastewater treatment system and how does it work?

    For industrial companies producing wastewater as part of it’s process, some type of wastewater treatment system is usually necessary to ensure safety precautions and discharge regulations are met. The most appropriate wastewater treatment system will help the facility avoid harming the environment, human health, and a facility’s process or products (especially if the wastewater ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Los Angeles County WRRF Embraces Codigestion

    Technology to produce food waste slurry key to project implementation - and helps generators comply with California organics recycling mandates. The Sanitation Districts’ JWPCP in Carson (CA) treats an average of 280 million gallons/day of wastewater. One of the two anaerobic digestion tanks above has been used for codigestion, with the second serving as the control. Photos ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Chemicals used for pH Adjustment

    The Chemistry of Limestone Treatment: Limestone is an alkaline agent with the ability to neutralize, or partially neutralize strong acids. The neutralization process occurs when strong acids, in intimate contact with limestone chips, react with Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3, the primary constituent of limestone) to form water, carbon dioxide and calcium salts. The following depicts the neutralization ...


    By Digital Analysis Corp.

  • Cycle chemistry pH measurement

    pH measurement in high purity water has met with variable success. The high resistivity of pure water, the vulnerability to contamination, the variability of reference electrodes and additional temperature effects converge to make tins a particularly challenging measurement. Overcoming these obstacles requires a thorough understanding of the potential problems and their systematic solution. ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • pH Adjustment - A Primer

    A brief review of the definition of pH, the pH scale, and some of the chemistry involved in pH Adjustment systems is provided below. For some this may be trivial, yet for many others this may be useful. The information provided below is typical of the background information we provide in our training classes / seminars. By Definition pH is the measure of free hydrogen activity in water and can be ...


    By Digital Analysis Corp.

  • Measure pH, conductivity, oxygen with HQD

    After just a short time, the HQD digital electrochemical measuring system has already established itself in practice. Both in the laboratory, with standard electrodes, and in the field, with rugged outdoor electrodes.  On the following pages, users describe their experience with the HQD system. Their experiences show that the system covers a wide range of applications, including direct ...


  • Getting back to basics: What is pH?

    Getting back to basics: What is pH? The most used measure in wastewater treatment, and for good reasons The “potential of hydrogen” or “pH” is the measure of free hydrogen activity in water and thereby indicative of the measure of its free acidity or free alkalinity. Gauged on a numeric scale of 0-14, solutions with a pH of less than 7.0 are acids. ...

  • Kinetics of the degradation of 2-chlorophenol by ozonation at pH 3

    ABSTRACT: Prediction of byproduct distribution during ozonation is of importance to the design of treatment process. In this study, degradation products in direct ozonation of 2-chlorophenol in aqueous solution were identified by employing the chemical derivatization technique, specifically, silylation. Transient distribution of degradation products, in a semi-batch reactor under three ozone ...


  • DOD evaluates bioaugmentation for remediating low-pH aquifers

    The US Department of Defense (DOD) has completed pilot-scale work on the 'MAG-1' site at Fort Dix, NJ, to test suitability of anaerobic bioremediation for an aquifer with low pH. Project results will be used to design full-scale ground-water treatment at MAG-1. In addition, technical criteria gained from the demonstration will be integrated into DOD’s remediation strategy for its many facilities ...

  • Pilot scale investigation of coagulation combined with ozonation and pH adjustment in treatment of NOM rich water

    This paper presents the results of a pilot scale investigation of coagulation using aluminium based coagulants (polyaluminium chloride sulphate (PACL1) and polyaluminium chloride (PACL2)), combined with pre-ozonation and pH adjustment, on natural organic matter (NOM) removal from groundwater. Tests were conducted at a semi-industrial pilot plant, using groundwater with a high content of NOM ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of mixed liquor pH on membrane fouling and micro-pollutant removals in membrane bioreactors for municipal landfill leachate treatment

    This research investigated the membrane fouling and micro-pollutant removals in treatment of municipal landfill leachate at various pH levels (i.e. 5.5, 6.5, 7.5, and 8.5) using membrane bioreactors. The findings revealed that membrane fouling was influenced by the pH level of mixed liquor, with pH 5.5 exhibiting the most severe membrane fouling. At pH 5.5, proteins and carbohydrates were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • React-pHª Improves pH in Carbon Effluent

    Untitled Document An electronics company in the northeast United States had been using granular reactivated carbon to treat 500-1000 ...


    By Calgon Carbon Corporation

  • Elimination of selected pharmaceuticals by biosolids from municipal wastewater treatment plants: importance of modest pH change and degree of mineralization

    Lab-scale batch experiments with biosolids collected from a full-scale activated sludge system (AS) and a pilot-scale membrane bioreactor (MBR) were carried out to investigate the mechanisms of elimination of 5 acidic pharmaceuticals and 2 neutral pharmaceuticals. Batch elimination experiments were conducted under the conditions of pH of 6 and 7, and a great impact of pH on elimination of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of the pH influent conditions in fixed-film reactors for anaerobic thermophilic treatment of wine-distillery wastewater

    ABSTRACTIn anaerobic treatments, the pH conditions affect the efficacy and operation of the process. The main purpose of this research is to compare the effect of the pH influent on the performance of a high rate technology at laboratory scale, upflow anaerobic fixed-film reactor, treating distillery wastewater (wine vinasses) in thermophilic conditions. The results obtained shown that the pH ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • HD Q-PAC® Media for Aquarium Water Treatment in Life Support System: pH, Dissolved Oxygen, and Turbidity Improved Significantly

    The Newport Aquarium needed to improve the clarity and quality of sea water in its large fish exhibit. After evaluating alternatives with independent consultant Dave LaBonne, Jeff Gibula (Husbandry Operations Manager) decided to use HD Q-PAC® media in his one of his life support systems. HD Q-PAC® is considered an excellent choice for use in aquarium water treatment, both for newly constructed ...


    By Lantec Products, Inc.

  • Treatment of sulfate-rich and low pH wastewater by sulfate reducing bacteria with iron shavings in a laboratory

    Sulfate-rich wastewater is an indirect threat to the environment especially at low pH. Sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) could use sulfate as the terminal electron acceptor for the degradation of organic compounds and hydrogen transferring SO42− to H2S. However their acute sensitivity to acidity leads to a greatest limitation of SRB applied in such wastewater treatment. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Equilibrium adsorption isotherm of U(VI) at pH 4 and pH 5 onto synthetic magnetite nanoparticles

    The adsorption features of synthetic magnetite nanoparticles have been investigated for removal of uranyl ions from nitric solutions. These magnetic nanoparticles can be used to adsorb contaminants in wastewater and can subsequently be removed from the medium by a magnetic process because of their superparamagnetic behaviour. The magnetite nanoparticles were synthesised by simultaneous ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Drinking water quality control: control charts for turbidity and pH

    Water treatment processes are required to be in statistical control and capable of meeting drinking water specifications. Control charts are used to monitor the stability of quality parameters by distinguishing the in-control and out-of-control states. The basic assumption in standard applications of control charts is that observed data from the process are independent and identically ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Land Treatment

    Introduction Land Treatment is a full-scale bioremediation technology in which contaminated soils, sediments, or sludges are turned over (i.e., tilled) and allowed to interact with the soil and climate at the site. The waste, soil, climate, and biological activity interact dynamically as a system to degrade, transform, and immobilize waste constitutes. Wastes are periodically tilled to aerate the ...

  • Peristaltic Pumps play key role in rectifying the pH balance of mine water

    After decades of uncontrolled industrial (mining) activities, water supply is under serious threat. Studies show that acid water levels in the country's mines are rising at a staggering average rate of 0.59 m/day. The water situation is in fact threatening the population’s survival. At the heart of resolving this problem are the treatment of water and wastewater. This article looks at ...

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