photovoltaic component Articles

  • Photovoltaics: Basic Design Principles and Components

    If you are thinking of generating your own electricity, you should consider a photovoltaic (PV) system—a way to generate electricity by using energy from the sun. These systems have several advantages: they are cost-effective alternatives in areas where extending a utility power line is very expensive; they have no moving parts and require little maintenance; and they produce electricity ...

  • Photovoltaic Applications and Policy Initiatives

    Issue: The world photovoltaic (PV) market has grown significantly in recent years. Although this trend is expected to continue in the future, estimates cannot be given with any real certainty. Relevance: In this context the question that arises is the role that public and private funding plays in market development and how this funding should be used to ensure the best results. Although current ...


    By Atlantis Technologies LLC

  • Exergy analysis and environmental impact assessment of a photovoltaic-hydrogen production system

    In this study, exergy analysis and environmental impact assessment of a Photovoltaic (PV)-hydrogen production system and its components are carried out. Actual data measured in the system are employed for analysis purposes. Daily hydrogen production amount from solar energy through water electrolysis is 4.43 kg. The average system exergy efficiency is determined to be 3.18%. It is found that the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Genetic Algorithm optimisation of stand-alone Photovoltaic energy systems

    This article presents the methodology for calculation of the optimum size of a Photovoltaic (PV) system. Long-term data of PV radiation were used to calculate the average power generated by a PV generator for every hour of a typical day in a month. A load of a typical house in the south of Algeria (desert area) was used as a load demand of the system. For a given load and a mixed multiple ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fuzzy maximum power extraction control for a photovoltaic water pumping system

    AC loads present a delicate matter for photovoltaic systems, and this is because of the photovoltaic panel's operating point, which moves randomly according to irradiance changes; in this case, almost of photovoltaic water pumping systems use a DC–DC converter to ensure either the maximum power extracted from PV panel or the load needs. For AC motor pumps, an inverter must follow this chopper. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • NREL Report Shows U.S. Solar Photovoltaic Costs Continuing to Fall in 2016

    NREL U.S. PV system cost benchmarks, from the fourth quarter of 2009 to the first quarter of 2016 The modeled costs to install solar photovoltaic (PV) systems continued to decline in the first quarter of 2016 in the U.S. residential, commercial, and utility-scale sectors, according to updated benchmarks from the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Driving the cost ...

  • Application of genetic algorithm and neural network for sizing of hybrid photovoltaic wind power generation (HPVWPG) systems

    In this paper, a methodology for sizing of hybrid photovoltaic-wind power generation (HPVWPG) system is described. The purpose of this methodology is to predict the PV-generator area, the capacity of the battery and the capacity of the wind generator in isolated (remote) areas, where the meteorological data (solar irradiation, air temperature, wind speed, etc) are not always available. For this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How to maintain a solar system

    How to maintain a solar system How many years an off-grid system can live?As the solar power system is composed of many different components, and life of each component is not the same, so this problem should be separated, the solar panels have a long life, can reach 20--25 years, the controller and ...


    By Inverter Go

  • Design, control and performance analysis of a standalone solar–PV energy generating system

    This paper presents the design, control and performance of a low power standalone solar–photovoltaic (PV) energy generating system. The system includes a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) controller along with a full bridge DC–DC converter, an energy storage system and a voltage source inverter (VSI). The detailed design and modelling of the system components are given with incremental ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Germany’s solar subsidy amendments switch demand from fields to roofs

    Germany’s upper house of parliament took the decision last week to back some key changes to solar power subsidies, making private dwelling rooftop solar power systems far more attractive this summer. Last May, the German coalition government had proposed cuts of 16% in the so-called feed-in tariffs offered for such rooftop solar panels.  They included plans ...


    By Research Analysts Ltd

  • 5kw Solar Power Plant - Case Study

    (1)The Project Proposed Overseas Division Construction Engineering Group is mainly responsible for overseas market development function.In foreign countries, especially developing countries, Many engineering projects are away from downtown or some new area, project management and life electricity sometimes rely on diesel generators provided.Diesel generators is reliable, but there ...


    By Inverter Go

  • Women Who Run with Tools

    Last February, a group of dedicated and enthusiastic women descended on Tucson, Arizona to learn how to incorporate solar energy into their lives. Though it hasn’t always been this way, women wielding power tools and installing solar electric equipment is becoming more common. For the past three years, Solar Energy International (SEI), an educational non-profit based in Carbondale, Colorado, has ...


    By Solar Energy International

  • Life cycle costing of a self-sufficient solar-hydrogen system

    In a renewable energy-based system, energy storage must match the energy demand with supply. Usually a lead-acid battery is utilised as a short-term energy buffer. A system, which has a combination of an electrolyser and a high-pressure hydrogen tank for long-term energy storage, is considered in this paper. The cost intensive components are sized considering the least cost and by performing a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Retrofit of a century old land-house to a low-energy house

    Converting a low-quality brick construction into a low-energy solar house takes five steps. First, avoid spillage by optimal space allocation. Second, apply natural and/or somatic energy wherever and whenever possible. Third, integrate passive and semi-passive solutions. Fourth, harvest renewable commodity energy. Fifth, efficiently complement previous steps with commercial energy. Twelve ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Solar`s Time to Rise and Shine.

    Photovoltaic efficiency records are being shattered, thanks to recent advances in materials science. Last month, a researcher at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colo., loaded a postage stamp–sized solar cell onto a tray and placed it under a high-intensity pulse solar simulator. The simulator flashed a 2.5 millisecond pulse of light, and 19 mirrors reflected the ...


    By Ensia

  • PV Balance of Systems holds the key to grid parity in the US

    PV Insider reveals the importance of Balance of Systems (BoS) for lowering LCOE and maximizing performance in 2012 In 2011 the solar PV industry in the United States installed 1.86GW of photovoltaic systems and is expected to install a full gigawatt more in 2012, totalling a massive 2.8GW. Simultaneously, prices have also continued to decline since 2009. Average module prices have fallen nearly ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • The Burning Facts About Solar

    Did you know that solar Energy comes in different forms?  As we all know, the development of solar energy is important because of its great contribution to our electricity sources. We might even think that it is just a simple development that deals about replacing and becoming one of the alternatives for our electricity sources that we can find. When talking about the development of solar ...


    By Greenshine New Energy LLC

  • Solar Energy and Power Importance

    Have you ever wondered why solar energy or power is important? You are not alone in this because it is the common question of all. Before we can understand why solar energy is important we should have a good idea of what solar energy is. Solar energy is produced by the sun. It can be harnessed like any other type of energy and used to ...


    By Greenshine New Energy LLC

  • Surface Decontamination of Cadmium Compounds (Cadmium Chloride (CdCl2) and Cadmium Oxide (CdO)) by DeconGel 1101

    OBJECTIVE The surface decontamination efficacy determination of DeconGelTM 1101 on stainless steel, aluminum, carbon steel, and concrete surfaces contaminated with cadmium compounds (cadmium chloride (CdCl2) and cadmium oxide (CdO)) was performed with ICP-OES (Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectroscopy) according to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) SW-846 Methods: 3005A ...


    By METIS Scientific

  • An experimental investigation of a solar/wind 4 kW micro generation system and T–1000 1.2 kW PEM fuel cell

    Hybrid system inclusive of renewable energy may be a key component for the solution of global warming, poor air quality, economic dependence, reducing–dwindling reserves of fossil fuels and also carbon tax in Australia. Firstly, this paper describes the experimental setup of wind/solar 4 kW micro generation system, examines the energy produced and various readings of monthly, weekly, daily and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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