photovoltaic installation Articles

  • Closing The California Clean Energy Divide

    Reducing Electric Bills in Affordable Multifamily Rental Housing with Solar+Storage Executive Summary BATTERY STORAGE IS EMERGING AS AN effective new strategy for reducing electricity costs for affordable multifamily rental housing in California. Battery storage systems not only provide economic returns today, they can also preserve the value of solar in an ...


    By Growing Energy Labs, Inc.

  • Hydropower installation

    DSEP100 Mains Decoupling Relays for hydropower projects in remote locations in the Cumbrian Lake District, UK.  Old decommissioned water wheels in Ambleside, Blencathra and Langdale have been recently refurbished and brought back into use as sophisticated hydropower turbines which are now working in parallel with the grid, ...

  • Photovoltaic string disconnect switches

    PV system arrays generate DC current. The solar modules are wired in series, and the system voltage is the sum of the maximum output voltage of all of the modules in a string. 600 Vdc maximum was chosen as an optimal system voltage to reduce installation costs by reducing conductor size and to stay below the 600V threshold in NEC Article 490. Prior to the growth in the number of installed PV ...


    By Eaton Corporation

  • Photovoltaic Applications and Policy Initiatives

    Issue: The world photovoltaic (PV) market has grown significantly in recent years. Although this trend is expected to continue in the future, estimates cannot be given with any real certainty. Relevance: In this context the question that arises is the role that public and private funding plays in market development and how this funding should be used to ensure the best results. Although current ...


    By Atlantis Technologies LLC

  • Interactive Resources Wins National Renewable Energy Laboratory Contract for Roof Structural Assessments for Installation of Solar Photovoltaic Arrays

    Richmond CA, October 19, 2010   – Richmond architecture and engineering firm Interactive Resources was recently awarded a contract by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to provide solar feasibility studies for 24 California K-12 school buildings in Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. The Sequoia Foundation ...


    By Interactive Resources

  • Photovoltaics: Basic Design Principles and Components

    If you are thinking of generating your own electricity, you should consider a photovoltaic (PV) system—a way to generate electricity by using energy from the sun. These systems have several advantages: they are cost-effective alternatives in areas where extending a utility power line is very expensive; they have no moving parts and require little maintenance; and they produce electricity ...

  • A Life Cycle Analysis of roof integrated photovoltaic systems

    In this paper a Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) methodology is used to investigate the energetic and environmental impact of a Building Integrated Photovoltaic installation (BIPV) with reference to a roof installation case study. The results reveal that the roof integrated photovoltaic systems can bring both energy and environmental benefits even in areas characterised by medium values of insolation. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Solar Photovoltaic System in Kaimakli case study

    Location: Kaimakli, Nicosia Size: 2.97 kWp Annual generation: 5062 kWh CO2 savings per year : 4.5 tonnes The Problem Mr Michael wanted urgently to cut his high annual electricity costs for his 4-family house in Nicosia. Taking advantage of the area’s high sunshine hours and the government’s Net metering scheme for solar photovoltaic system installations ...


    By C.A.S. Energy+ Ltd

  • Solar Photovoltaic System in Lakatameia case study

    Location: Lakatameia, Nicosia Size: 3.00 kWp Annual generation: 5124 kWh CO2 savings per year : 4.6 tonnes The Problem Mrs Charalambous is a hardworking woman wanted to reduce her annual electricity costs for her 4-family house in Nicosia. Since Mrs Charalambous was eligible for a government grant of 2,700€ for a  3kWp Photovoltaic Installation, she ...


    By C.A.S. Energy Ltd

  • Building integration of 30 kWp photovoltaic system at University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania

    A Building Integrated Photovoltaic Power System of 30 kWp was recently installed at University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania. It is the first grid-connected and largest PV system of the country. With this opportunity, an innovative non-penetrating system that uses the modules and mounting hardware as ballast was designed and implemented. Personnel with no previous experience with the roof PV ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Controlling the number of on-grid multiple photovoltaic inverters to improve their conversion efficiency

    Two experimental PV-grid connected systems of 8.8 kWp and 36 kWp rating have been designed, installed and interfaced with Abu Dhabi utility grid. The PV arrays of both systems are interfaced with the grid via single phase grid-tied inverters. The inverters are installed in three separate groups that each injects 50 Hz electricity into one phase of the utility grid at the 0.4 kV level. The main ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Solar photovoltaics: oligopsony, non-market decision-making and the paradoxical persistence of unprofitability

    Record volumes of solar PV power plant installations have been achieved on the back of feed-in-tariffs and fiscal incentives. On the supply side, however, equipment manufacturers have been filing for bankruptcy protection in quick succession. This paper is an attempt to unravel the mystery underlying this inequilibrium, and to suggest a way forward for the solar PV sector to thrive. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fate and transport evaluation of potential leaching risks from cadmium telluride photovoltaics

    Fate and transport analysis has been performed to evaluate potential exposures to cadmium (Cd) from cadmium telluride (CdTe) photovoltaics (PV) for rainwater leaching from broken modules in a commercial building scenario. Leaching from broken modules is modeled using the worst‐case scenario of total release of Cd, and residential screening levels are used to evaluate potential health impacts to ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Industry survey reveals bankability as principal hurdle for concentrated photovoltaics

    In a recent industry survey, PV Insider have identified bankability as the biggest challenge facing companies working in concentrated photovoltaics. In preparation for the 3rd Concentrated Photovoltaic Summit USA (14-15 November, San Jose), Matt Carr, Global Events Director at PV Insider, took a sample survey of the industry in September and posed the question ‘what is the biggest ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • NREL Report Shows U.S. Solar Photovoltaic Costs Continuing to Fall in 2016

    NREL U.S. PV system cost benchmarks, from the fourth quarter of 2009 to the first quarter of 2016 The modeled costs to install solar photovoltaic (PV) systems continued to decline in the first quarter of 2016 in the U.S. residential, commercial, and utility-scale sectors, according to updated benchmarks from the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Driving the cost ...

  • Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) Market Growth Research 2013-2019

    Building Integrated Solar photovoltaic (BIPV) systems utilize building integrated solar panels to generate electricity, by transforming solar radiations into electrical energy. The energy generated has wide applications in several sectors including residential, commercial and industrial sectors. The major advantage of the BIPV is decentralization from grid power. View Full ...


  • South Africa looks to large-scale PV Installations

    The most recent round of the Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) in South Africa saw fewer projects awarded than Round I. At first glance it did not look positive when only 9 projects, half the amount seen in Round I, were announced as preferred bidders by the Department of Energy. The number of projects in Round II had dropped from 18 to 9, in addition to the overall power allocated across ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • Technology learning from the lawmaker's point of view

    The paper gives an overview over the German energy policy in the area of renewable energy sources. It focuses on the Renewable Energies Act (REA) of April 1, 2000, which has shown to be the main stimulus for the upswing of the market of renewable energies in Germany. One of the key features of the REA is the declining compensation schedule which aims at generating and stimulating learning curve ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Briefings

    The opening of a new factory in North Wales could give the solar energy market in the UK the impetus it needs. The Sharp Corporation, the world’s leading producer of photovoltaic (PV) products, initially expected that the Wrexham production plant it has just opened would turn out PV panels for residential and commercial installations at a rate of 20 MW worth per year. Orders quickly exceeded ...


    By Forum for the Future

  • A case study of hybrid wind–solar power system for reduction of CO2 emissions

    In this study, the solar radiation and wind data pertaining to Bigadic region are analyzed to assess the performance of a hybrid Photovoltaic–Wind–Diesel–Battery energy system. The average energy consumption of the system is about 20.33 kWh per day and 600 kWh per month, with a peak power demand of 2.4 kW. A 10 kW Wind Turbine and a 1 kWp PV energy system with 48 kW battery are installed. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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