photovoltaic installation optimization Articles

  • Photovoltaic string disconnect switches

    PV system arrays generate DC current. The solar modules are wired in series, and the system voltage is the sum of the maximum output voltage of all of the modules in a string. 600 Vdc maximum was chosen as an optimal system voltage to reduce installation costs by reducing conductor size and to stay below the 600V threshold in NEC Article 490. Prior to the growth in the number of installed PV ...


    By Eaton Corporation

  • Photovoltaic Applications and Policy Initiatives

    Issue: The world photovoltaic (PV) market has grown significantly in recent years. Although this trend is expected to continue in the future, estimates cannot be given with any real certainty. Relevance: In this context the question that arises is the role that public and private funding plays in market development and how this funding should be used to ensure the best results. Although current ...


    By Atlantis Technologies LLC

  • Optimizing PV Operations & Maintenance crucial to reducing LCOE in the US

    The solar PV industry in the United States is expected to install 2.86GW of photovoltaic systems by the end of 2012. As the project pipeline continues to grow, and as more plants come online, experts predict that operations and maintenance will play an increasing role in reducing the Levelized Cost of Energy for utility scale systems. Successfully operating PV plants and maximizing each ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • Controlling the number of on-grid multiple photovoltaic inverters to improve their conversion efficiency

    Two experimental PV-grid connected systems of 8.8 kWp and 36 kWp rating have been designed, installed and interfaced with Abu Dhabi utility grid. The PV arrays of both systems are interfaced with the grid via single phase grid-tied inverters. The inverters are installed in three separate groups that each injects 50 Hz electricity into one phase of the utility grid at the 0.4 kV level. The main ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • NREL Report Shows U.S. Solar Photovoltaic Costs Continuing to Fall in 2016

    NREL U.S. PV system cost benchmarks, from the fourth quarter of 2009 to the first quarter of 2016 The modeled costs to install solar photovoltaic (PV) systems continued to decline in the first quarter of 2016 in the U.S. residential, commercial, and utility-scale sectors, according to updated benchmarks from the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Driving the cost ...

  • Micropower system modeling with Homer

    The HOMER Micropower Optimization Model is a computer model developed by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to assist in the design of micropower systems and to facilitate the comparison of power generation technologies across a wide range of applications. HOMER models a power system's physical behavior and its life-cycle cost, which is the total cost of installing and operating ...


    By HOMER Energy LLC

  • Technical and economic evaluation of an off-grid solar desalination system in Myanmar

    Myanmar is a unique country where the majority of the people live in rural areas, away from grid electricity and reliable water supplies. The penetration of grid electricity in rural areas is minimal and even then it is often erratic. This paper focuses on the challenges of transitioning from an electricity-poor country to a renewable energy based-economy augmented with photovoltaics (PV). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hybrid Solar/Wind plant in Madagascar

    Distinguished among the winners of the Sunidarity initiative, the World Energy Foundation announced Thursday that it had installed in the extreme south of Madagascar a concentration photovoltaic equipment (CPV) provided by Soitec, one of the leading manufacturers and suppliers of global CPV systems. Called Plug & Sun, this equipment allows an autonomous solar-electric generation in areas ...


    By Greenshine New Energy LLC

  • Light at the end of the tunnel for the US PV market

    Despite both political and commercial challenges recent research suggests that PV installations will continue to increase in North America The demand for PV projects in the United States has been rapidly expanding over recent years as a result of falling module prices, stimulus funding and new regulatory incentives from congress. However, recent happenings, both political and commercial, have ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • PV Balance of Systems holds the key to grid parity in the US

    PV Insider reveals the importance of Balance of Systems (BoS) for lowering LCOE and maximizing performance in 2012 In 2011 the solar PV industry in the United States installed 1.86GW of photovoltaic systems and is expected to install a full gigawatt more in 2012, totalling a massive 2.8GW. Simultaneously, prices have also continued to decline since 2009. Average module prices have fallen nearly ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • A Cleaner Energy Future

    As renewable energy plays an increasingly important role in the world’s energy portfolio, the standards of ASTM International Committee E44 are helping to pave the way for innovation in clean energy sources. A growing population and improving living standards around the world are causing significant increases in energy demand and competition for fossil fuels. These escalating energy ...


    By ASTM International

  • Purchasing power: best practices guide to collaborative solar procurement

    Solar photovoltaics (PV) is a commercially proven technology and, in markets with incentives, can compete with traditional fossil fuel-based power. Wider adoption and decreases in manufacturing costs are driving down the cost of solar electricity. As the industry grows and matures, it will optimize and standardize its practices to further reduce costs and make solar energy accessible to a ...

  • Determining performance characteristics crucial for CSP

    As the development of large-scale CSP projects begins in the United States, the ability to accurately determine the performance characteristics in the efficiency, heat losses and overall power output of plants under operation is essential for generating widespread confidence in CSP technologies. After more than 10 years in hibernation, parabolic trough technology has been revived again with ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • Alternative Energy Meets Business: How Creative Business Models are Bringing Solar to the Average Joe

    As the solar industry matures, particularly photovoltaic (PV) technology, the cost of solar panels has plummeted. PV module prices have dropped from $1.78/W in Q1 2011 to $0.94/W in Q1 2012, spurring a record amount of PV installations for Q1 2012 at 506 MW.  This ...


    By Connexion

  • Are inverters PV’s Achilles Heel?

    The organizers of the Utility Scale PV Yield Optimization Conference & Expo, gained exclusive access with Michael Levi, Senior Director Worldwide Marketing from Satcon to talk about the inverter market for utility solar projects, how they are positioning themselves in a competitive market and how reliable are these key components. Q1:  What segment of the solar market are you ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • 2nd Progress meeting on the APOLLON project

    2nd Progress meeting on the APOLLON project   Introduction In Piacenza, Italy, has been held the 2nd progress meeting of the APOLON Project, so far the biggest integrated Photovoltaic project of FP7 whose main final objective is the development of point focus (PF) and dense array ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • Determining performance characteristics crucial for CSP

    Why is the performance testing of newly developed plants important for the future of large scale projects in the US? As the development of large-scale CSP projects begins in the United States, the ability to accurately determine the performance characteristics in the efficiency, heat losses and overall power output of plants under operation is essential for generating widespread confidence in CSP ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • Sunny Boy Storage is affordable and also flexible applicable

    Independent and affordable electricity supply for your home – until now that was not feasible from a technical perspective. But that’s exactly what the new SMA battery inverter Sunny Boy Storage offers. In March, the inverter has been honored with the Innovation Prize at the PV symposium Bad Staffelstein. Volker Wachenfeld, Executive Vice President of the SMA Offgrid ...


    By SMA Solar Technology AG

  • Intelligent Storing

    Intelligent management of battery-storage systems can save money and, at the same time, be beneficial for the utility grid. Read this article and discover what is behind all this. - See more at: http://en.sma-sunny.com/2015/07/10/intelligent-storing/#sthash.s81hF5k7.dpuf Intelligent management of battery-storage systems can save money and, at the same time, be beneficial for the utility grid. ...


    By SMA Solar Technology AG

  • Case study - Managing complex energy systems

    Introduction: Campus on a Renewable Mission The Chewonki Foundation owns and runs a school campus in Wiscasset, Maine that supports a high school program, a boys and girls summer camp, and an organic farm. Chewonki is an alternative school with a focus on environmental education and natural history. ch-classroom.jpgAs such, one of the Foundation’s goals is to teach its students ...


    By Powerhouse Dynamics

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