photovoltaic module performance Articles

  • Outlook promising for photovoltaic manufacturing in India

    SCHOTT Solar and Panchabuta debated the progress and potential of the photovoltaic supply chain in India during a recent PV Insider webinar. On February 28th PV Insider hosted a webinar entitled ‘Spotlight on Indian PV’, in which three experts provided analysis on the current and future status of the photovoltaic market in India.  The webinar attracted over one thousand ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • Photovoltaics: Basic Design Principles and Components

    If you are thinking of generating your own electricity, you should consider a photovoltaic (PV) system—a way to generate electricity by using energy from the sun. These systems have several advantages: they are cost-effective alternatives in areas where extending a utility power line is very expensive; they have no moving parts and require little maintenance; and they produce electricity ...

  • Space vector modulation based single stage inverter with maximum power point tracker for photovoltaic water pumping system

    Photovoltaic (PV) water pumping systems commonly use permanent magnet dc motors because of their simple circuit configuration and control strategy. However these systems require frequent maintenance. On the other hand, PV pumps driven by ac motors employing a dc-dc converter followed by an inverter use more number of power semiconductor switches which will add to the cost of the system and suffer ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thermal management of non–concentrating photovoltaic panels under extreme ambient conditions

    Solar photovoltaic modules have reduced efficiency levels when the ambient temperature is very high. In this paper, the temperature and the efficiency of a non–concentrating flat plate collector is determined by a one dimensional steady state analysis at different solar radiation levels for the city of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia where the radiation intensity and ambient temperatures are very high. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Building integration of 30 kWp photovoltaic system at University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania

    A Building Integrated Photovoltaic Power System of 30 kWp was recently installed at University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania. It is the first grid-connected and largest PV system of the country. With this opportunity, an innovative non-penetrating system that uses the modules and mounting hardware as ballast was designed and implemented. Personnel with no previous experience with the roof PV ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An efficient hybrid wave/photovoltaic scheme for energy supply in remote areas

    This paper presents the efficient utilisation of hybrid photovoltaic/wave energy system for desalination water pumping and supplying the local AC and DC loads. The novel hybrid system comprises eight key parts. The PV array and wave energy permanent magnet linear generator (PMLG) as energy sources, novel AC side modulated power filter compensator (MPFC), AC-DC converter, novel DC side green plug ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Genetic Algorithm optimisation of stand-alone Photovoltaic energy systems

    This article presents the methodology for calculation of the optimum size of a Photovoltaic (PV) system. Long-term data of PV radiation were used to calculate the average power generated by a PV generator for every hour of a typical day in a month. A load of a typical house in the south of Algeria (desert area) was used as a load demand of the system. For a given load and a mixed multiple ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fate and transport evaluation of potential leaching risks from cadmium telluride photovoltaics

    Fate and transport analysis has been performed to evaluate potential exposures to cadmium (Cd) from cadmium telluride (CdTe) photovoltaics (PV) for rainwater leaching from broken modules in a commercial building scenario. Leaching from broken modules is modeled using the worst‐case scenario of total release of Cd, and residential screening levels are used to evaluate potential health impacts to ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • The entropy matrix generated exergy model for a Photovoltaic heat exchanger under critical operating conditions

    The maximum entropy generation approach is adopted to develop the exergy model for a Photovoltaic (PV) heat exchanger with vertical heat exchange sections under critical operation of buoyancy-induced hybrid airflow. The Photovoltaic (PV) heat exchanger was constructed with two adjacent Photovoltaic (PV) modules with double-glass faces and back panel and assembled on a wooden duct and framing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Performance of grid connected inverter with maximum power point tracker and power factor control

    Detailed analysis, simulation and hardware results of grid connected inverter with maximum power point tracker and power factor control in Malaysian climate are presented. A six-switch topology inverter with symmetrical pulse width modulation (PWM) switching technique is used. A low-pass filter is incorporated in the circuit to filter out unwanted harmonics and produce a sinusoidal AC current. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Spi-Sun simulator sets the standard

    Solar Simulators are critical to the industry testing photovoltaic modules featuring light sources that closely match the solar spectrum. Spire’s simulators can test the full range of solar modules – including crystalline or thin film. The importance of solar simulation is clear – solar modules must be tested under a standard set of conditions to assure consistency of results. ...


    By Spire Corporation

  • Solar PV Testing

    Introduction The time is now for clean, renewable energy technologies. Favorable government tax credits, a decreased dependency upon oil, and the need to stimulate the economy are just three of the planets that have aligned, favoring the expansion of technologies that harness the sun’s energy. Manufacturers of Solar Photovoltaic (PV) modules and panels strive to improve product effi ...


    By Thermotron Industries

  • Artificial neural network based models for forecasting electricity generation of grid connected solar PV power plant

    This paper presents an artificial neural network (ANN) approach for forecasting the performance of electric energy generated output from a working 25-kWp grid connected solar PV system and a 100-kWp grid connected PV system installed at Minicoy Island of Union Territory of Lakshadweep Islands. The ANN interpolates among the solar PV generation output and relevant parameters such as solar ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Rapid certification

    Spire Corporation is a leading global solar company providing turnkey solar factories and equipment to manufacture photovoltaic modules and cells. With over 40 years and $100 million in R+D and PV, our years of experience and technical depth put us in a unique position to ensure the success of our customers. Applying this expertise across all product lines, Spire has a rich heritage of utilizing ...


    By Spire Corporation

  • Transparent conducting oxides superstrate for thin film solar cells: an industrial prospective

    The demand for a TCO coated glass substrate as a base material and front electrode of the solar cells is expected to grow very strongly in the next few years. Therefore it is crucial to prepare the industrial tools and proper glass compositions to meet this very impressive demand. Mass production of extra clear glass and atmospheric pressure thermal CVD tool installed directly on the float glass ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Solar`s Time to Rise and Shine.

    Photovoltaic efficiency records are being shattered, thanks to recent advances in materials science. Last month, a researcher at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colo., loaded a postage stamp–sized solar cell onto a tray and placed it under a high-intensity pulse solar simulator. The simulator flashed a 2.5 millisecond pulse of light, and 19 mirrors reflected the ...


    By Ensia

  • PV Balance of Systems holds the key to grid parity in the US

    PV Insider reveals the importance of Balance of Systems (BoS) for lowering LCOE and maximizing performance in 2012 In 2011 the solar PV industry in the United States installed 1.86GW of photovoltaic systems and is expected to install a full gigawatt more in 2012, totalling a massive 2.8GW. Simultaneously, prices have also continued to decline since 2009. Average module prices have fallen nearly ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • A Cleaner Energy Future

    As renewable energy plays an increasingly important role in the world’s energy portfolio, the standards of ASTM International Committee E44 are helping to pave the way for innovation in clean energy sources. A growing population and improving living standards around the world are causing significant increases in energy demand and competition for fossil fuels. These escalating energy ...


    By ASTM International

  • Take advantage of the US market

    The United States is the next high growth PV market. Coming to America’ with Spire Corporation allows a company to take advantage of Federal and State stimulus money available through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). Spire Corporation is well- positioned in the U.S., well-prepared and ready to help you site, set up, and run your factory or expand by accessing ...


    By Spire Corporation

  • Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2014

    Executive Summary The competiveness of renewable power generation technologies continued improving in 2013 and 2014. The cost-competitiveness of renewable power generation technologies has reached historic levels. Biomass for power, hydropower, geothermal and onshore wind can all now provide electricity competitively compared to fossil fuel-fired power generation (Figure ES 1). ...

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