phytoremediation system Articles

  • Analysis of Hydrologic Data to Evaluate Phytoremediation System Performance

    Abstract A long-term environmental monitoring program is providing hydrologic data that demonstrates poplar trees are influencing groundwater flow at the J-Field site, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland. Advanced data collection and analyses techniques have enabled researchers to construct a water budget for the study area and to estimate the amount of groundwater the trees are transpiring on a ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Phytoremediation technology for wastewater treatment: high rate transpiration system

    High Rate Transpiration System (HRTS) is a well-designed land treatment system composed of ridges and furrows and well-controlled hydraulic loading of wastewater. The present case study describes long-term operating experience of zero discharge of pulp and paper mill wastewater, which is characterised by high BOD, COD, TDS and colour that poses disposal problems into water bodies and on land. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Microbe-assisted phytoremediation approach for ecological restoration of zinc mine spoil dump

    Mining is one of the sectors that impacts air, water and soil pollution. The various environmental problems that are associated with mining activities are deforestation, removal of fertile topsoil, unstable slopes prone to sliding and erosion, siltation of water bodies due to wash off of mineral overburden dumps, air pollution due to discharge of dust and noise pollution. The most effective means ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cadmium in soil-plant systems: an overview

    High concentrations of cadmium in soils represent a potential threat to human health because it is incorporated in the food chain mainly by plant uptake. The behaviour of cadmium in soils depends on several factors related to both soil and plant characteristics. This paper provides an overview of such factors as well as of the most environmentally friendly in situ soil remediation techniques in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Influence of an Integrated Remedial System on Groundwater Hydrology

    ABSTRACT This paper summarizes the development of a remedial system designed to hydraulically contain and ultimately reduce a plume consisting of primarily 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (1,1,2,2-TeCA). The system consists of groundwater circulating wells or extraction wells located in the core of the 1,1,2,2-TeCA plume to provide active source control, combined with monitored natural attenuation ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Stevens Systems Enhances Ground Water Remediation Effectiveness

    The Stevens Hydra Probe is now being used to monitor the progress of a new groundwater pollution clean up method called phytoremediation. Phytoremediation is the method by which trees are used to pull contamination out of groundwater. Remediation of contaminated aquifers can take many years to complete. The need for clean, healthy rivers, lakes and streams has stimulated research to develop ...

  • Land Application System (LAS), Design, Operation & Maintenance

    PLANTECO specializes in the use of green plants (phytoremediation) for the management of nutrients at municipal and industrial waste facilities and livestock feeding operations. Land Application Systems (LAS) consist of vegetated irrigation fields with selected plants that utilize the effluent wastewater as an efficient source of water and plant nutrients including nitrogen, phosphorus and ...


    By Planteco, Inc

  • Bioventing systems at Alaska air force base achieve cleanup closures

    The U.S. Air Force and Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation (ADEC) collaborated in installing and operating seven full-scale bioventing systems over the last 10 years to address hydrocarbon and VOC contamination at the King Salmon Airport (KSA) in Alaska. Five of the systems achieved cleanup closure within five years of operation, and another is currently under closure review. The ...

  • Common Treatment Train for Inorganics

    A treatment train is the combination of different treatment technologies. A system diagram of a common treatment train for inorganics is illustrated below. Metal contaminated soil is treated using the combination of electrokinetics and phytoremediation. Electrokinetics is used to remove metals from deep soil and ground water. A low density direct current is applied to mobilize charged species, ...

  • The use of vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides L.) for the remediation of wastewater discharged from tapioca factories

    Three experiments were conducted to study the potential use of vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides L.) to remediate wastewater discharged from a tapioca factory. Two experiments studied the tolerance of vetiver to grow in wastewater, and the other studied the factors influencing the effectiveness of vetiver for the remediation of the wastewater. Vetiver grew well in all wastewater preparations and was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effects of cadmium and arsenic on Pteris vittata under hydroponic conditions

    Pterisvittata is known to hyperaccumulate arsenic, and a large number of studies on this fern species can be found in the literature aimed at evaluating its behavior when coexposed to other toxic elements. In the present study, P.vittata was treated with different concentrations of As and/or Cd in a hydroponic system, that is, under complete bioavailability of the elements, with the objective of ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Plant uptake of diclofenac in a mesocosm-scale free water surface constructed wetland by Cyperus alternifolius

    This study aimed to assess the uptake of diclofenac, a widely used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory pharmaceutical, by a macrophyte Cyperus alternifolius in a mesocosm-scale free water surface (FWS) constructed wetland. Quantitative analysis of diclofenac concentrations in water solution and plant tissues was conducted by high performance liquid chromatography analysis after sample ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of humic compounds on bacterial growth in bioremediation of pahs

    Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) are introduced into the environment through natural and anthropogenic combustion processes causing them to be ubiquitous in environment (Menzi et al., 1992; Juhasz and Naidu, 2000 and Nieman et al., 2001). These compounds are potentially carcinogenic, mutagenic and toxic contaminants (Yerushalmi and Guiot, 2001; Verrhiest et al., 2002; Samanta et al., 2002 ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Wireless Real-Time Soil Data from Stevens Hydra Probe Soil Sensors Used In Contaminated Soil Cleanup Operation

    Up until the early 1970s when The US Congress passed The Clean Water Act, industrial chemicals and petroleum products were routinely dumped onto the ground or poured down wells. In those days, few people understood groundwater hydrology, and disposing of chemical waste underground seemed like a safe and easy solution. Depending on the chemistry, underground pollution can linger for centuries, ...

  • Reed Beds

    Naturally occurring wetlands have a natural, innate ability to remediate contaminants from water. Over the decades BritishFlora have supplied many millions of reeds, Phragmites communis, for both habitat creation projects such as bird reserves to attract bittern, bearded tit and water rails, to name but a few. Common Reed is commonly planted to help with the cleaning of contaminated ...


    By BritishFlora

  • An Introduction to Bioremediation and its Applications

    A variety of toxic chemicals, metals, and effluents are created and used in industrial processes. These elements need to be degraded to ensure that they do not harm the environment when disposed. A specialized process and equipment are required to perform this task. This is where bioremediation comes in. What is Bioremediation, and what are its Types? In simple ...


    By HPI Processes, Inc.

  • Metals Stabilization Using Geochemical Fixation

    Introduction To Chemical Fixation There are several approaches to treatment of chromium and other toxic metals such as lead arsenic, and cadmium in soil and groundwater, including isolation, immobilization, toxicity reduction, physical separation, and extraction (U.S. EPA. 2002). Brief Overview Of Metals Remediation Methods: Conventional ...


    By Graus Chemicals, LLC

  • Engineered wetland removes subsurface hydrocarbons while providing beneficial reuse

    British Petroleum (BP) is operating an engineered wetland to treat petroleum-contaminated groundwater at a 300-acre site in Casper, WY. Release of petroleum products during refinery operations from 1908 until 1991 resulted in significant petroleum hydrocarbon contamination. Over 44,000 yd3 of LNAPL were removed by dual-phase recovery wells and oil/water separators constructed in 1981, but ...

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in potentially significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the ...

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows ground water to be treated without being brought to the surface, resulting in significant cost savings. In situ treatment, however, generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the process is more ...

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