phytoremediation technology Articles

  • Phytoremediation - II

    Introduction: Phytoremediation is a set of processes that uses plants to clean contamination in ground water and surface water. There are several ways plants can be used for the phytoremediation. These mechanisms include enhanced rhizosphere biodegradation, hydraulic control, phyto-degradation and phyto-volatilization. Enhanced Rhizosphere Biodegradation Enhanced ...

  • Phytoremediation - I

    Introduction Phytoremediation is a process that uses plants to remove, transfer, stabilize, and destroy contaminants in soil and sediment. The mechanisms of phytoremediation include enhanced rhizosphere biodegradation, phyto-extraction (also called phyto-accumulation), phyto-degradation, and phyto-stabilization. Enhanced Rhizosphere Biodegradation Enhanced ...

  • Phytoremediation - Technology Overview

    ABSTRACT Phytoremediation uses plants to cleanup contaminated soil and groundwater, taking advantage of plants' natural abilities to take up, accumulate, and/or degrade constituents of their soil and water environments. Results of research and development into ph ytoremediation processes and techniques report it to be applicable to a broad range of contaminants including numerous metals and ...


  • Coupling vermiremediation with phytoremediation technology to enhance the efficiency of reclamation of polluted marine sediments

    Contaminated (TPHs and heavy metals) dredged sediments from Livorno port (Italy) were biological treated using plants and earthworms. Sediments presented an asphyctic physical structure owing to the silt?clay granulometric composition, a high salty level and a low organic content. A meso-scale experiment was done utilising three different bioremediation treatments: a) plants (Paspalum vaginatum ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Phytoremediation technology for wastewater treatment: high rate transpiration system

    High Rate Transpiration System (HRTS) is a well-designed land treatment system composed of ridges and furrows and well-controlled hydraulic loading of wastewater. The present case study describes long-term operating experience of zero discharge of pulp and paper mill wastewater, which is characterised by high BOD, COD, TDS and colour that poses disposal problems into water bodies and on land. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Phytoremediation of chromium(VI)-laden waste by Eichhornia crassipes

    The aim of the present investigation is to develop a suitable phytoremediation technology for the procumbent removal of chromium(VI) in tannery wastewater. Water hyacinth species, Eichhornia crassipes, was chosen to remediate chromium from synthetic wastewater. Present study revealed 88% Cr(VI) removal in synthetic wastewater sample within 48 hours of the study at all concentrations ranging from ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment Of Tropical Grasses And Legumes For Phytoremediation Of Petroleum-Contaminated Soils

    Phytoremediation is a promising technology for the clean-up of petroleum-contaminated soils, especially in the tropics where climatic conditions favour plant growth and microbial activity and where financial resources can be limited. The objective of this work was to identify tropical plant species from the eastern savannahs of Venezuela suitable for this technology. Three legumes (Calopogonium ...


    By Springer

  • Utilisation of municipal solid waste as an amendment for reclamation of coal mine spoil dump

    Mine spoil dumps generated due to mining activities pose drastic physico-chemical and biological constraints for sustainable vegetation. Thus an eco-friendly and cost-effective Microbe Assisted Phytoremediation (MAP) is adopted for reclamation of coalmine spoil dumps. The results indicate that MAP is also an excellent tool for fast restoration and productivity of wastelands, 95?99% plants ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Common Treatment Train for Inorganics

    A treatment train is the combination of different treatment technologies. A system diagram of a common treatment train for inorganics is illustrated below. Metal contaminated soil is treated using the combination of electrokinetics and phytoremediation. Electrokinetics is used to remove metals from deep soil and ground water. A low density direct current is applied to mobilize charged species, ...

  • Cadmium in soil-plant systems: an overview

    High concentrations of cadmium in soils represent a potential threat to human health because it is incorporated in the food chain mainly by plant uptake. The behaviour of cadmium in soils depends on several factors related to both soil and plant characteristics. This paper provides an overview of such factors as well as of the most environmentally friendly in situ soil remediation techniques in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Stevens Systems Enhances Ground Water Remediation Effectiveness

    The Stevens Hydra Probe is now being used to monitor the progress of a new groundwater pollution clean up method called phytoremediation. Phytoremediation is the method by which trees are used to pull contamination out of groundwater. Remediation of contaminated aquifers can take many years to complete. The need for clean, healthy rivers, lakes and streams has stimulated research to develop ...

  • Effect of humic compounds on bacterial growth in bioremediation of pahs

    Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) are introduced into the environment through natural and anthropogenic combustion processes causing them to be ubiquitous in environment (Menzi et al., 1992; Juhasz and Naidu, 2000 and Nieman et al., 2001). These compounds are potentially carcinogenic, mutagenic and toxic contaminants (Yerushalmi and Guiot, 2001; Verrhiest et al., 2002; Samanta et al., 2002 ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Electrokinetic remediation study for cadmium contaminated soil

    Cadmium is a non-essential heavy metal pollutant of the environment resulting from various agricultural, mining and industrial activities and also from the exhaust gases of automobiles (Foy et al., 1978). Due to its high toxicity and greater solubility in water and its wide distributions in aquatic ecosystem, it has been considered as extremely significant pollutant (Lockwood, 1976). Great ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Metals Stabilization Using Geochemical Fixation

    Introduction To Chemical Fixation There are several approaches to treatment of chromium and other toxic metals such as lead arsenic, and cadmium in soil and groundwater, including isolation, immobilization, toxicity reduction, physical separation, and extraction (U.S. EPA. 2002). Brief Overview Of Metals Remediation Methods: Conventional ...


    By Graus Chemicals, LLC

  • Engineered wetland removes subsurface hydrocarbons while providing beneficial reuse

    British Petroleum (BP) is operating an engineered wetland to treat petroleum-contaminated groundwater at a 300-acre site in Casper, WY. Release of petroleum products during refinery operations from 1908 until 1991 resulted in significant petroleum hydrocarbon contamination. Over 44,000 yd3 of LNAPL were removed by dual-phase recovery wells and oil/water separators constructed in 1981, but ...

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in potentially significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the ...

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows ground water to be treated without being brought to the surface, resulting in significant cost savings. In situ treatment, however, generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the process is more ...

  • Bioventing systems at Alaska air force base achieve cleanup closures

    The U.S. Air Force and Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation (ADEC) collaborated in installing and operating seven full-scale bioventing systems over the last 10 years to address hydrocarbon and VOC contamination at the King Salmon Airport (KSA) in Alaska. Five of the systems achieved cleanup closure within five years of operation, and another is currently under closure review. The ...

  • Types of bioremediation and their modes of action

    An Urgent Call for Change in U.S. Oil Spill Response With Bioremediation Agent Type EA* bearing out as a workable first response alternative to the use of chemical dispersants, contrasting evidence has become even clearer that dispersant use has been a huge failure. Dispersants have proven to be an inadequate response method with more and more studies showing an ...

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