pipe location system Articles

  • Geostatistical techniques for approximate location of pipe burst events in water distribution systems

    This paper focusses on the customisation and further enhancement of the recently developed data-driven methodology for the automated near real-time detection of pipe bursts and other (e.g. sensor faults) events at the district metered area (DMA) level. Assuming the availability of pressure/flow data from an increased number of sensors deployed in a DMA, the aim is to: (i) overcome the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Transient tests for locating and sizing illegal branches in pipe systems

    In pipe systems illegal branches can take away remarkable water resources with negative effects from both the economic and technical points of view. Difficulties in pointing out illegal branches by means of steady-state pressure and discharge measurements are mainly due to the fact that, of course, such systems are not active according to a regular time schedule. In this paper the possibility of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Diagnosis of pipe systems by the SLE: first results

    In this study, an algorithm is presented for pipe system diagnosis. The algorithm is the Successive Linear Estimator (SLE) previously used in groundwater hydrology to estimate the hydraulic proprieties of soils. The SLE is an iterative cokriging-like technique which provides statistically the best unbiased estimates and quantifies the associated uncertainty. In this paper the algorithm has been ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Intake Pipe Repair

    Major problems can cause catastrophic damages to a facility’s operations. The accumulative cost of: repairs, labor, and downtime can add up. This 24 inch diameter intake pipe, located at a U.S. Power Plant, was leaking above the ground just below the disc valve. The plant’s maintenance engineers needed a proven, reliable and economical solution to fix this ...


    By ENECON Corporation

  • Preventing & Thawing Frozen Pipes

    A “how-to” guide on preventing and thawing frozen pipes. As temperatures drop below freezing around the country, it’s important to be informed of the cold weather’s effect on your water pipes. When temperatures are below freezing, pipes in unheated areas are subject to freezing causing messy, and often expensive issues. Just one burst pipe running at 4-8 ...


    By WaterSignal

  • Comparison of dye testing and electrical leak location testing of a solid waste liner system

    Abstract: Dye tracing and electrical leak location testing were independently conducted to detect and locate leaks in the primary geomembrane liner of two cells in a municipal landfill. Despite extensive quality control and quality assurance programs, water in the leak detection zone after construction indicated that the primary liner had a leak. Fluorescein dye tests were conducted by placing a ...

  • Characteristics of pipe-scale in the pipes of an urban drinking water distribution system in eastern China

    Pipes that carry drinking water have gradually aged. Events occurring with increasing frequency, such as substandard water quality in residential taps, red water, and black water, reveal the deterioration of the chemical stability of a drinking water distribution system (DWDS). Pipes in the DWDS serving City S, located in eastern China, were sampled to analyze the concentration and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Leak behaviour in pressurized PVC pipes

    The correct definition of the leak law, i.e. the relationship between the leak outflow, the total head at the leak and other relevant parameters such as the pipe material, can seriously affect the accuracy of the numerical models used for the management of water distribution systems, either if they are used to forecast the leakage reduction by pressure management or to locate and size the leaks ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Leak detection by inverse transient analysis in an experimental PVC pipe system

    Leakage reduction in water supply systems and distribution networks has been an increasingly important issue in the water industry since leaks and ruptures result in major physical and economic losses. Hydraulic transient solvers can be used in the system operational diagnosis, namely for leak detection purposes, due to their capability to describe the dynamic behaviour of the systems and to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In-pipe monitors turn dreams into reality

    In-pipe monitors turn dreams into reality The quality of tap water has improved enormously in recent decades, but for largely technological reasons, until recently, knowledge of water quality between the treatment works and the tap has been an almost impossible dream for water treatment and distribution network managers. In this article, Jo Cooper, Product Specialist at Intellitect Water, will ...


    By Intellitect Water Ltd

  • Relining with corrugated steel pipe, Mississauga, ON

    Owner: Ministry of Transportation, Ontario Consultant: Morrison Hershfield Contractor: Underground Services Limited Location: Mississauga, Ontario With over 320,000 vehicles per day the intersection of Highways 401, 403 and 410 in Mississauga, Ontario, is one of the busiest in North America. At the same location can be ...


    By Armtec

  • 5 Considerations for Choosing Pipe Bursting

    Homeowners who encounter sewer, drain, and water line problems often dread repairs not just because of the expense, but the major disruptions that they expect. Excavation, torn up lawns, and days of going without water are associated with traditional methods of repair. Fortunately, technology has made it possible to assess and fix pipes with minimal disruption by using a technique called pipe ...


    By TRIC Tools Inc.

  • Application of genetic programming to modeling pipe failures in water distribution systems

    The water loss from a water distribution system is a serious problem for many cities, which incurs enormous economic and social loss. However, the economic and human resource costs to exactly locate the leakage are extraordinarily high. Thus, reliable and robust pipe failure models are demanded to assess a pipe's propensity to fail. Beijing City was selected as the case study area and the pipe ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pipe roughness calibration in water distribution systems using grey numbers

    This paper presents a procedure based on the use of grey numbers for the calibration (with uncertainty) of pipe roughness in water distribution systems. The pipe roughness uncertainty is represented through the grey number amplitude (or interval). The procedure is of a wholly general nature and can be applied for the calibration (with uncertainty) of other parameters or quantities, such as nodal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Plugging `hot` pipes in extreme environments

    Some of the world's most intricate infrastructure is found in power plants, chemical plants, refineries, and other factories that use and combine industrial chemicals. The piping for fuel, chemical transport, water supply, and cooling needs is typically very complex and subject to high temperatures and pressures. And since plants are harsh environments, it's a given that piping needs regular ...


    By Petersen Products Company

  • Optimal meter placement for pipe burst detection in water distribution systems

    Pipe bursts in water distribution systems (WDS) must be rapidly detected to minimize the loss of system functionality and recovery time. Pipe burst is the most common failure in WDS. It results in water loss out of the system, increased head losses, and low pressure at the customers' taps. Therefore, effective and efficient detection of pipe bursts can improve system resilience. To this end, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Leak detection by inverse transient analysis in an experimental PVC pipe system

    Leakage reduction in water supply systems and distribution networks has been an increasingly important issue in the water industry since leaks and ruptures result in major physical and economic losses. Hydraulic transient solvers can be used in the system operational diagnosis, namely for leak detection purposes, due to their capability to describe the dynamic behaviour of the systems and to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimization of water distribution system by split pipe method: a rule of thumb

    This research work intends to develop a thumb rule to find a suitable location for the split pipe to get the optimal solution with less effort. Furthermore, the equivalent pipe concept was applied to find the exact lengths of the split diameters. To achieve this objective, two schemes were selected: Anytown network (a literature network), and a planned and flat Central Park housing scheme in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Company Introduces New Pipe Repair Products

    InduMar Products, Inc., based in Houston Texas, celebrates twenty years of providing pipe repair and rehabilitation solutions to their industrial and marine customers. Well known for their versatile STOP IT® Pipe Repair System the Company also takes pride in offering custom solutions for many pipe leak, reinforcement and corrosion problems. The combination of sealant development and ...


    By InduMar Products, Inc.

  • Pipe burst diagnostics using evidence theory

    This paper presents a decision support methodology aimed at assisting Water Distribution System (WDS) operators in the timely location of pipe bursts. This will enable them to react more systematically and promptly. The information gathered from various data sources to help locate where a pipe burst might have occurred is frequently conflicting and imperfect. The methodology developed in this ...


    By IWA Publishing

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