pipe system Articles

  • Flow Rate Measurement in full Pipes using the Transit Time Method

    Particularly in large diameters the relevance of water volume measurement is growing. The challenge with cooling water or fresh water processes is to generate accurate flow recordings or to document and to control individual consumptions and withdrawal quantities. Flow detection, however, particularly in large diameters is highly demanding. In such cases the transit time measurement thanks to its ...


    By NIVUS GmbH

  • What is a wastewater treatment system and how does it work?

    For industrial companies producing wastewater as part of it’s process, some type of wastewater treatment system is usually necessary to ensure safety precautions and discharge regulations are met. The most appropriate wastewater treatment system will help the facility avoid harming the environment, human health, and a facility’s process or products (especially if the wastewater ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Oil Sampling Best Practices

    Obtaining a representative oil sample from a closed loop lubrication system is essential to any good oil analysis program. As oil analysis programs become more standardized for routine monitoring, especially within equipment warranty support programs, equipment makers provide more sampling points on new equipment. These ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Landfill pumps for Gas well dewatering - Case Study

    AutoPumps Keep the Power On for Thousands of Florida Homes Waste Management's Springhill Regional Landfill near Campbellton, Florida generates "green" energy by extracting and burning the methane in landfill gas. Its $7 million landfill gas energy (LFGE) plant, with six large Caterpillar engines running 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, is capable of producing 4.8 million watts of power. ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Los Angeles County WRRF Embraces Codigestion

    Technology to produce food waste slurry key to project implementation - and helps generators comply with California organics recycling mandates. The Sanitation Districts’ JWPCP in Carson (CA) treats an average of 280 million gallons/day of wastewater. One of the two anaerobic digestion tanks above has been used for codigestion, with the second serving as the control. Photos ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Technical and safety practices

    Safety is absolutely paramount in the medical industry, with lives literally at stake if something were o go wrong. Regrettably, this was more than reinforced recently following the tragic news of a death of a newborn at a hospital in Sydney, Australia, after it was mistakenly administered nitrous oxide (N2O) instead of oxygen (O2) in July this ...


    By Geotech

  • E-Z Trays an Integral Part of Levelland`s Groundwater Treatment - Case Study

    QED E-Z Tray® Air Strippers an Integral Part of Levelland's Groundwater Treatment System The refinery at the former Motor Fuels Corporation produced all grades of gasoline, tractor fuels, diesel, distillate products, and fuel oils. It closed in 1954 after 15 years of operation, and the refinery equipment was removed by 1958. The property has since been redeveloped, but the ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • pipe fitting mold, irrigation piping system, irrigate fitting mould

    China pipe fitting mold, pipe fitting mould, mould, mold, moulds, molds, tool, plastic mould, plastic mold, injection mould, injection mold, pipe mould, pipe mold, fitting mould, fitting mold, PVC mold, PVC mould, PVC pipe mold, PVC pipe mould, PVC fitting mould, PVC fitting mold, PVC pipe fitting mold, PVC pipe fitting mould, PVC collapsible core, PVC ...


    By Focare Mould Co.,Ltd.

  • Diagnosis of pipe systems by the SLE: first results

    In this study, an algorithm is presented for pipe system diagnosis. The algorithm is the Successive Linear Estimator (SLE) previously used in groundwater hydrology to estimate the hydraulic proprieties of soils. The SLE is an iterative cokriging-like technique which provides statistically the best unbiased estimates and quantifies the associated uncertainty. In this paper the algorithm has been ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • STOP IT® Pipe Repair System assists in decommissioning project

    Since 1986, InduMar Products Inc. has provided a unique solution with its STOP IT® Pipe Repair System. In refineries and chemical plants, where many miles of piping carry products that are often highly flammable, toxic or corrosive, the STOP IT provides a method to restore product and profit flow in minutes instead of the many hours required to cut out ...


    By InduMar Products, Inc.

  • Biocorrosion in drinking water pipes

    Copper is widely used in drinking water distribution systems due to its relatively low cost and favorable mechanical properties. However, copper corrosion may generate copper concentrations exceeding the thresholds prescribed by international drinking water standards. In-situ measurements performed in an actual system found that the copper mass released under flowing water conditions (pipe ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quadratic approximations for pipe friction

    This paper develops quadratic approximations to the classical models of Darcy–Weisbach and Hazen–Williams for frictional head loss in water pipes. Key elements of the technique are selecting the approximation domain and minimizing the relative error. A comparison for individual pipes over a range of diameter, roughness, and Reynolds number showed that the approximation provides ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Intake Pipe Repair

    Major problems can cause catastrophic damages to a facility’s operations. The accumulative cost of: repairs, labor, and downtime can add up. This 24 inch diameter intake pipe, located at a U.S. Power Plant, was leaking above the ground just below the disc valve. The plant’s maintenance engineers needed a proven, reliable and economical solution to fix this ...


    By ENECON Corporation

  • Preventing & Thawing Frozen Pipes

    A “how-to” guide on preventing and thawing frozen pipes. As temperatures drop below freezing around the country, it’s important to be informed of the cold weather’s effect on your water pipes. When temperatures are below freezing, pipes in unheated areas are subject to freezing causing messy, and often expensive issues. Just one burst pipe running at 4-8 ...


    By WaterSignal

  • Measuring Strains in Buried Flexible Pipes

    A field measurement system is described for determining strains in buried flexible pipes. The microprocessor-based system obtains data that is subsequently analyzed on minicomputers or mainframe machines. The field system is also capable of analyzing the data using its own microprocessor provided that a graphics terminal is available. Numerical algorithms for analyzing the data are developed, and ...


    By ASTM International

  • Characteristics of pipe-scale in the pipes of an urban drinking water distribution system in eastern China

    Pipes that carry drinking water have gradually aged. Events occurring with increasing frequency, such as substandard water quality in residential taps, red water, and black water, reveal the deterioration of the chemical stability of a drinking water distribution system (DWDS). Pipes in the DWDS serving City S, located in eastern China, were sampled to analyze the concentration and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bulk Storage and Piping Case Study

    Background: This major steel manufacturer was founded in 1900 in and established the first formal research department in the steel industry in 1910. It grew through the development of specialty steels and new technology. Among the many "firsts" was the development of continuous rolling technology. This company holds more U.S. patents than any other specialty steel company. ...


    By Mech-Chem Associates, Inc.

  • On the prediction of underground water pipe failures: zero inflation and pipe-specific effects

    The prediction of pipe failures in water distribution systems is an essential planning tool for water companies. Previous methods focus on the prediction of either future failure numbers or aspects of pipe condition. However, most of these only predict at the level of large pipe groups (of similar characteristics) and often cannot provide uncertainty bounds. Here, a new statistical method is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Installing and Gluing Flexible PVC Pipe

    Installing and Gluing PVC Flexible (Flex) Pipe In order to get a proper bond and create a full, permanent seal when installing PVC Flex Pipe we have several suggestions. If you abide by these simple instructions you can minimize problems, leaks, and system failures! Ensure the pipe is clean and dry. Wipe away any dirt or dust and water. Use a PVC Primer on the ...


    By Red Flag Products

  • Installation of Large Diameter Buried Pipes

    The ProblemThere is an ongoing need to provide designers, specifiers, engineers, consultants and students an overview and general understanding on the proper installation and rehabilitation of buried municipal and industrial pipelines to provide a long-lasting wastewater and potable water infrastructure that will serve future generations. Goals and ObjectiveMost buried ...

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