plastic biodegradability determination Articles

  • Degradation of biodegradable plastics under controlled composting conditions

    The management of solid waste is a growing concern in many countries. Municipal solid waste is a major component of the total solid waste generated by society, and the fraction of municipal solid waste made up of plastic materials continues to increase. The composting of plastic materials along with organic wastes will help society to usefully recycle more of its solid waste and divert it from ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Organic waste biodegradability test bio methane potential method

    Management Summary The biogas production from a mixture of food waste, garden waste, paper, napkins, plastic, metals and glass and anaerobically digested sludge was monitored until gas production had ceased. The homogenised biowaste mixture was subjected to two pre-treatment methods prior to being fed to the BMP reactors, these were: pasteurisation at 70oC ...


    By Cambi AS

  • Operator Strategies : Sorting Out the Plastic

    BETTER BUGS Ideas and products in the Better Bugs category attempt to affect the biological components and biochemistry of processes by altering the mix of microorganisms or enzymes present. After all, biology is the foundation of many, if not most, organics recycling systems. Pyrophiles: The first example of Better Bugs involves pyrophilic organisms, bugs that can take the heat. This example is ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Environmentally Degradable Polymeric Composite Materials

    Abstract The present study was focused on improvement of the competitiveness of Azotobacter chroococcum 23 produced PHB in two directions: 1) seeking for convenient raw materials for PHB biosynthesis; 2) PHB blending with plasticizers in order to obtain PHB composite materials with controllable physical, thermal properties and biodegradability. Corn starch syrup (PHB content 10,2g/l and 9,8g/l, ...


  • Break It Down, Build It Up - Sustainable Science Has Roots in ASTM Standards Development

    It was back in the 1980s,” Richard Wool, Ph.D., recalls. “A lot of waste management sites were running out of space. Barges full of garbage were plowing up and down the East Coast with no place to dock. The idea of having biodegradable plastics would address a number of issues like getting rid of the trash and cleaning up marine waste, which was becoming a huge issue at the ...


    By ASTM International

  • Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production potential of activated sludge from food industrial wastewater treatment process

    Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production by activated sludge treating food industrial wastewaters was evaluated. Influence of wastewater characteristics on PHA production activities of non–acclimatised and acclimatised sludge were determined. Acetate, glucose and butyrate were used for evaluating PHA production potential of sludge at different concentrations of 400, 800 and 1,200 mgC/l during 12 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Field-scale cleanup of atrazine and cyanazine contaminated soil with a combined chemical-biological approach

    A former agrichemical dealership in western Nebraska was suspected of having contaminated soil. Our objective was to characterize and remediate the contaminated site by a combined chemical-biological approach. This was accomplished by creating contour maps of the on-site contamination, placing the top 60 cm of contaminated soil in windrows and mixing with a mechanical high-speed mixer. ...

  • Field-scale cleanup of atrazine and cyanazine contaminated soil with a combined chemical-biological approach

    Received for publication August 12, 2008. A former agrichemical dealership in western Nebraska was suspected of having contaminated soil. Our objective was to characterize and remediate the contaminated site by a combined chemical-biological approach. This was accomplished by creating contour maps of the on-site contamination, placing the top 60 cm of contaminated soil in windrows and mixing with ...

  • Managing Compostable Bags At Anaerobic Digestion Plants

    The highest and best use for treating residential food waste is through source separation, sending organics first to anaerobic digestion (to capture energy), followed by aerobic composting (to return nutrients to the soil). Sending food waste to anaerobic digestion (AD) facilities requires appropriate tools and planning for capturing high volumes of material with low contamination. Compostable ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Biopiles

    Biopile treatment is a full-scale technology in which excavated soils are mixed with soil amendments and placed on a treatment area that includes leachate collection systems and some form of aeration. It is used to reduce concentrations of petroleum constituents in excavated soils through the use of biodegradation. Moisture, heat, nutrients, oxygen, and pH can be controlled to enhance ...

  • Bioremediation of diesel oil - derwent island, national trust, united kingdom

    Introduction A spillage of red diesel oil (heating oil) from a holding tank located on Derwent Island in Lake Derwentwater, Cumbria, has been successfully treated using Microbac"s oil degrading bacterial cultures. The spill occurred in the Lake District National Park and a major concern was contamination of the lake water. The main problem associated with the work was access to the island ...


    By Microbac Ltd

  • Domestic scale vermicomposting for solid waste management

    Background;Vermicomposting has recently been recognized as one of the most appropriate methods to stabilize organic waste. In terms of a system for waste management, vermicomposting is sustainable, economically viable, and without detrimental effects to human health or to the environment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the process of vermicomposting using an indigenous species of ...

  • Preparing the way for commercial organics recovery

    The Planning for a source-separated commercial organics program began in California's Santa Cruz County in 2001. Businesses were surveyed to determine if there was sufficient interest in separate collection of food, food-soiled paper and wax-coated cardboard to supply a collection route. Many restaurants, markets and residential facilities responded enthusiastically to the idea of collection and ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting infrastructure trends in the UK

    The European Union's Landfill Directive, which restricts landfilling of biodegradable waste, has made it necessary to develop alternative infrastructures to manage the organic fraction of the solid waste stream. In the United Kingdom, the Landfill Directive has created demand for composting facilities that take source separated organics (SSO), and for anaerobic digestion. Infrastructure also is ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composted Woody Materials Become Erosion Control Product

    In Beaverton, Oregon, Lakeside Reclamation, Inc. grinds incoming yard trimmings and other feedstocks which are composted and bagged for use in erosion and runoff control. The facility recycles over 25,000 tons of wood each year for multiple product use. Owned by Howard Grabhorn, the site includes a limited purpose landfill, composting area, retail products building and comparative erosion control ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Pollutants in Urban Wastewater and Sewage Sludge

    Untitled Document Executive Summary Water policy in the European Union is aiming to promote sustainable water use and a major ...

  • 63 Percent Diversion and Rising

    Untitled Document The City and County of San Francisco is making great strides towards ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Corporate Sustainability Programs

    In today’s business world, sustainability is becoming an integral part of company operations. Here’s how a few manufacturers are making sustainability part of their business model, and how standards play a role. Understanding sustainability and what it means to be a sustainable business continues to evolve as more companies issue sustainability reports, sign on for carbon ...


    By ASTM International

  • Environmental Sensors in Waste Management

    Issue: As part of an increasing sentiment among European consumers that environmental protection is important, concern about the impact of landfill is growing. Sensor technology makes it possible to measure and control inputs to landfill sites and pollutants arising from them. However, the exploitation - or uptake - of such technology has been lower than expected in the waste management sector. ...


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