plastic material aerobic biodegradability determination Articles

  • Degradation of biodegradable plastics under controlled composting conditions

    The management of solid waste is a growing concern in many countries. Municipal solid waste is a major component of the total solid waste generated by society, and the fraction of municipal solid waste made up of plastic materials continues to increase. The composting of plastic materials along with organic wastes will help society to usefully recycle more of its solid waste and divert it from ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Operator Strategies : Sorting Out the Plastic

    BETTER BUGS Ideas and products in the Better Bugs category attempt to affect the biological components and biochemistry of processes by altering the mix of microorganisms or enzymes present. After all, biology is the foundation of many, if not most, organics recycling systems. Pyrophiles: The first example of Better Bugs involves pyrophilic organisms, bugs that can take the heat. This example is ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Managing Compostable Bags At Anaerobic Digestion Plants

    The highest and best use for treating residential food waste is through source separation, sending organics first to anaerobic digestion (to capture energy), followed by aerobic composting (to return nutrients to the soil). Sending food waste to anaerobic digestion (AD) facilities requires appropriate tools and planning for capturing high volumes of material with low contamination. Compostable ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Break It Down, Build It Up - Sustainable Science Has Roots in ASTM Standards Development

    It was back in the 1980s,” Richard Wool, Ph.D., recalls. “A lot of waste management sites were running out of space. Barges full of garbage were plowing up and down the East Coast with no place to dock. The idea of having biodegradable plastics would address a number of issues like getting rid of the trash and cleaning up marine waste, which was becoming a huge issue at the ...


    By ASTM International

  • Corporate Sustainability Programs

    In today’s business world, sustainability is becoming an integral part of company operations. Here’s how a few manufacturers are making sustainability part of their business model, and how standards play a role. Understanding sustainability and what it means to be a sustainable business continues to evolve as more companies issue sustainability reports, sign on for carbon ...


    By ASTM International

  • Pollutants in Urban Wastewater and Sewage Sludge

    Untitled Document Executive Summary Water policy in the European Union is aiming to promote sustainable water use and a major ...

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