plotting soil contamination Articles

  • Phytoremediation of Alkylated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in a Crude Oil-Contaminated Soil

    Abstract  Phytoremediation uses plants and their associated microorganisms in conjunction with agronomic techniques to remove or degrade environmental contaminants. The objective of the field study was to evaluate the effect of vegetation establishment plus fertilizer addition on the biodegradation of alkylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a crude oil-contaminated soil. Four ...


  • Evaluation of The Efficiency of Various Commercial Products for The Bioremediation of Hydrocarbon Contaminated Soil

    Bioremediation has become an important method for the treatment of terrestrial oil spills and is often favoured over strictly physical-chemical methods. In this study, enzymatic analyses and signature lipid biomarkers were employed to evaluate the efficacy of selected bioremediation products on control and oil contaminated soil plots. It is envisioned that these biological indicators may be used ...


    By Springer

  • Considerations for the mitigation of nitrate contamination: stable isotopes and insights into the importance of soil processes

    Nutrient management is widely promoted to minimize the impact of intensive fertilizer use on groundwater quality, however watershed-scale stable isotope studies in eastern North America suggest nitrogen transport to groundwater is dominated by non-growing season fluxes derived principally from the mineralization and nitrification of soil organic matter. In the current field scale study, δ15N ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Heavy metals in urban soils of Xuzhou (China), Part I: total concentration of heavy metals in soils

    Concentrations of Hg, As, Cd, Se, Sb, Zn, Cu, Ni, Pb, Ag, Sn, Cr, Sc, Ba, Li, Bi and V were measured in 21 topsoil samples collected from the city of Xuzhou (China). Lead, Zn, Cd, As, Hg, Sb, Cu, Sn, Ag, Se and Bi have been found to be enriched in the topsoils with respect to the background values of Xuzhou, while Sc, Ba, Li, V, Ni and Cr are nearly in the normal concentration range. These ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sample Handling Strategies for Accurate Lead-In-Soil Measurements in the Field and Laboratory

    ABSTRACT The inhomogenous lead-in-soil matrix can present serious obstacles to accurate sample collection and handling. In typical lead-in-soil measurement, particle size related errors in sampling and sample handling often exceed all other sources of error. The magnitude of error can vary widely depending on the particulate nature of the lead contaminant and the effectiveness of control ...

  • In-Situ Oxidation of a Chlorinated Pesticide Impacted Soil - Case Study

    Site Overview Former Agricultural Area in Southern California Contamination DDE, DDD, DDT, Toxaphene History Residual concentrations of chlorinated pesticides (DDE, DDD, DDT, and Toxaphene) were identified in soils around the former farm ...


    By EN Rx

  • Nitrogen, phosphorus, and bacteria tile and groundwater quality following direct injection of dewatered municipal biosolids into soil

    Received for publication February 14, 2008. Application of municipal biosolids (sewage) to agricultural land is a common practice to improve soil physical quality and fertility. The chosen method of land application can have a strong impact on the extent of adjacent water contamination by nutrients and bacteria. Dewatered municipal biosolids (DMB) were applied to silt-clay loam experimental field ...

  • Soil physico-chemical changes following application of municipal solid waste leachates to grasslands

    AbstractConcerns about the use of residues from municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWI) in construction materials usually focus on the potential for heavy metals and organic chemicals to leach into drainage waters under the influence of rain. We hypothesised that high level of salts in the MSWI leachates may cause more of a problem, particularly on soil physico-chemical properties. Both bottom ...


  • Comparing Field Portable X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) To Laboratory Analysis Of Heavy Metals In Soil

    ABSTRACT Field portable x-ray fluorescence (XRF) continues to gain acceptance as a complement to traditional laboratory testing of metal contaminated soil. The quality of data produced by field XRF varies with site conditions, soil composition, and sample preparation. Quality assurance protocols for the field method usually require that a number of field samples be split and sent to a ...

  • Fate of biosolids trace metals in a dryland wheat agroecosystem

    Biosolids land application for beneficial reuse applies varying amounts of trace metals to soils. Measuring plant-available or total soil metals is typically performed to ensure environmental protection, but these techniques do not quantify which soil phases play important roles in terms of metal release or attenuation. This study assessed the distribution of Cd, Cr, Cu, Mo, Ni, Pb, and Zn ...

  • Runoff water quality from broiler litter-amended tall fescue in response to natural precipitation in the ozark highlands

    Received for publication March 21, 2008. The Arkansas poultry industry produced more than 1.2 billion broiler chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) and generated approximately 1.3 million Mg of broiler litter in 2002. High transportation costs of relocating broiler litter have led to annual land applications near poultry houses, increasing concern for potential surface water contamination from ...

  • CProb: a computational tool for conducting conditional probability analysis

    Conditional probability is the probability of observing one event given that another event has occurred. In an environmental context, conditional probability helps to assess the association between an environmental contaminant (i.e., the stressor) and the ecological condition of a resource (i.e., the response). These analyses, when combined with controlled experiments and other methodologies, ...

  • Recycling Waste Products from Molasses Fermentation: CSR Distilleries

    CSR’s Sarina ethanol distillery has changed from an environmental pariah in the local community into a welcome industry. Through a world-first plant design, it has reduced steam and water consumption, improved plant productivity and product quality, and turned a pollutant into a saleable, import-replacing product. Instead of closing down in the face of community opposition to its environmental ...


  • London 2012: Legacy or Liability?

    After spending hundreds of millions of tax payers’ money on a high profile ‘clean-up’, it has become clear that the 2012 Olympic Park actually remains classified as a contaminated brownfield site. Documents show that the whole area is to have as little as 2 feet (60cm) of “clean” material placed on top of a warning marker layer of orange plastic fabric sheeting, of a type called Terram 1000, ...


    By Shift Soil Remediation LLP

  • Coffee production systems

    Types of production systems Roughly, five types of coffee production systems can be distinguished (Moguel, 1996, in Courville, forthcoming): 1)Traditional rustic coffee system: coffee production under forest trees by substitution of plants growing on the floor of a (sub)-tropical forest with coffee. There is a minimal impact on the original forest ecosystem; 2)Traditional polyculture system ...


  • Biodegradation of MTBE Utilizing A Magnesium Peroxide Compound: A Case Study.

    ABSTRACT: A patented magnesium peroxide compound was recently employed at an underground storage tank facility to increase the available oxygen in the groundwater for the biodegradation of fuel hydrocarbons. The objective of this remedial effort was to substantially reduce the dissolved-phase concentrations of BTEX and MTBE and to arrest further migration of the dissolved fuel hydrocarbon plume. ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Conducting The Phase I Assessment - Records Review

     This is the second in a series of five articles relating to conducting Phase I Environmental Site assessments. Each article attempts to give the reader a thorough understanding of a specific aspect of the Phase I process and Clayton’s commitment to meeting or exceeding the requirements of ASTM Standard E 1527 Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site ...


  • Enhanced Aerobic Bioremediation of Petroleum UST Releases in Puerto Rico.

    Abstract: Releases of petroleum compounds from underground storage tanks (USTs) containing diesel fuel and gasoline are a serious and increasingly prevalent problem in Puerto Rico. Remediation of groundwater impacted by these releases utilizing common methodologies can be quite costly and require long periods of time to implement. Oxygen is often the limiting factor retarding optimal ...


    By REGENESIS

  • The New Environmental Insurance Products: When Does it Make Sense to Buy Them?

     Part One Introduction Real estate transactions with environmental problems often founder on attempts to shift the liabilities from one party to the other. In transactions with other types of problems, insurance is a popular risk transfer mechanism,  and is regularly used for that purpose, but it is used far less often when there are environmental risks. This so-called ...

  • Field Application of a Lactic Acid Ester for PCE Bioremediation.

    ABSTRACT: As part of a strategy to enhance reductive dechlorination with a timed release of hydrogen, an application of glycerol polylactate (GPL) was made to a dry cleaner site contaminated with perchloroethylene (PCE). GPL is one of several proprietary lactic acid esters sold commercially as Hydrogen Release Compound (HRCTM). When HRC contacts the saturated contaminated zone, the lactic acid ...


    By REGENESIS

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