pm2.5 Articles

  • A practical guide to PM2.5

    By now you’ve likely heard about U.S. EPA’s final rules governing the implementation of the New Source Review (NSR) program for fine particulate matter (i.e., particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 microns, or PM2.5). ALL4 published two articles in 2008 addressing specific aspects of the PM2.5 NSR rule. ALL4 has since formally established a PM2.5 Team to ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • PM2.5 Air Quality Modeling Updates

    There has been much activity over the past six (6) months that will impact how air quality modeling analyses will be conducted for Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) permit applications with respect to particulate matter less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5).  As the resident air quality modeling expert at ALL4, I thought it ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • Is it time to upgrade the PM2.5 federal reference method?

    The fine particulate matter (PM2.5) Federal Reference Method (FRM) has in many respects been a great success. When the method was implemented, there was some doubt that the state and local monitoring agencies that routinely provide air quality data would be able to manage a program, which often distinguishes one location from another by just a few μg/m3. As it turns out, data from the FRM ...

  • EPA shifts PM2.5 PSD permitting policies

    On August 12, 2009, EPA created a significant stir in the regulated community when it issued an order that signals a significant shift in how the agency intends particulate matter with a diameter less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) emissions to be regulated under the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) program. The order specifically applied to petitions filed by environmental groups ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Performance characterization of the MiniVol PM2.5 Sampler case study

    Measurements were conducted to assess the MiniVol PM2.5 sampler performance for various particle preseparator configurations including flat and cup impaction stages. Laboratory measurements were conducted to determine the impactor collection efficiency as a function of paricle size. Impactor cut points - the aerodynamic particle diameter exhibiting 50% collection efficiency - were 2.5 um (+- 10%) ...


    By Airmetrics

  • Scavenging of PM2.5 by precipitation and the effects of precipitation pattern changes on health risks related to PM2.5 in Tokyo, Japan

    Fine particulate matter (aerodynamic diameter <2.5 μm; PM2.5) poses risks to human health. While precipitation is the main process for decreasing ambient pollutant concentrations, scavenging of PM2.5 by precipitation remains to be investigated. Here we formulated the processes of PM2.5 scavenging by precipitation from observed PM2.5 concentrations ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Human Error Threatens Safety in Hazardous Areas

    The top 5 problems identified in hazardous areas are Poor or no maintenance on flameproof (Ex d) enclosures. Due to corrosion—especially when equipment is installed outdoors—the Ex d protection is gone 2-3 years after installation. Incorrectly installed Ex d cable glands. Even if the combination of cable and gland is chosen correctly, the instructions on how to ...


    By Mettler - Toledo Int. Inc

  • Modeling for NAAQS Part 1: How to select the appropriate output for NO2

    The U.S. National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for 1-hour SO2, 1-hour NO2, and 24-hour PM2.5 use a very particular format. It is very important for all modelers (both within and outside of the U.S.) to understand how AERMOD handles this. In particular, U.S. users need to be familiar with the ...

  • Focus on Microfiltration Part 3: Extending Service Life Using Prefiltration

    Last month we examined filter selection strategies for maximizing service life in continuous use applications.  In this 3rd installment, we will examine the use of prefilters to extend service life. Clarifying liquids with high levels of suspended solids is challenging, especially for applications requiring submicron filtration.  In these applications, filter users who experience ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • Shredding Puzzle in the Process of Waste Material Recycling

    There are two main types of waste fabric waste: (1) the factory in the leather fabric processing and production of leather fabric can not be 100% of the use, so in the production of some by-products or waste, such as tailoring and sewing clothes when the extra cloth, cloth and other waste , As well as in the synthesis of chemical fiber in the process of excess waste and so ...


    By Harden Industries Ltd.

  • Big Data: It’s all about the strategy

    Big Data, a huge amount of data, is a challenge for researchers and analysts. Although the data sets can lead to many new insights after the evaluation, their complexity, fast rate of change, and simply their amount makes it almost impossible to process them with classic methods and without smart technical aids. Images, audios, videos, GPS satellite data, internal company information, social ...

  • Performance of shallow footing on geocell reinforced clay bed using experimental and numerical studies, Hegde and Sitharam (2012)

    Construction in soft, weak ground requires treating large areas to a greater depth to ensure the safety of the superstructure. Usually, deep foundation techniques or ground improvement techniques are applied. However, this usually proves to be very costly. Past research has demonstrated that geocell reinforcement increases the load carrying capacity of the foundation bed. It is also a ...


    By PRS Geo-Technologies

  • Methods of Purification by Water Innovations, Inc.

    Carbon Filtration is used for several reasons. Its primary purpose is the reduction of chlorine to less than 0.1 ppm. Chorine can damage softener resins, reverse osmosis membranes, and mixed bed deionization resins. Activated carbon will also help control tastes and odors, provide organic and hazardous organic chemical reduction, and some particulate reduction. ...


    By Water Innovations, Inc

  • US project for a 53 ft trailer tipper for used clothing

    In january, we started up our biggest tipper yet for automatic unloading of 53 ft trailers with used clothing in the US. The tipper is part of an automatic unloading and ...


    By Valvan Baling Systems NV

  • Fine Particulate Series: PM2.5 nonattainment — What you need to know

    In the March 2009 4 The Record article “A Practical Guide to PM2.5,” ALL4’s PM2.5 Team discussed the technical basics of PM2.5 and the specific steps that you can take to assess your position with regard to the challenging regulatory landscape that lies ahead. This month’s article aims to fill in a few technical details regarding PM2.5 nonattainment areas, including a ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • Characteristics of PM2.5 in rural areas of southern Jiangsu Province, China

    To understand pollution level and possible sources ofatmospheric fine particulates in rural areas of southern Jiangsu Province of China, samples of PM2.5 were collected and analyzed in Xueyan Town and Taihu Lake Station over three seasons from July 2002 to January 2003. The mass concentrations of PM2.5 and 14 principal component elements were obtained. The results showed that pollution of PM2.5 ...


    By IOS Press

  • Critical Monitoring of Forklift Emissions and Warehouse Ambient Air Quality - Case Study

    Our team of experts has been hard at work and has just released an industry-leading report detailing Forklift Emissions in Warehouses: The main objectives of this study were to investigate the effects of different engine conditions on exhaust gas emissions and to observe the effect that forklift emissions have on the ambient air quality of the warehouse.             ...

  • UAV and USV operate with environmental monitoring case - case study

    Time: June,2016. Equipment: sample collection monitoring USV,UAV  The USV and UAV carry through water and air environmental monitoring, which is best way with fast , efficient , accurate and obtain evidence day and night.Our UAV cooperate with the provincial school of ...


    By Oceanalpha Co., Ltd.

  • Optimising existing equipment with Bioconservación products

    As part of its technical support service offered to clients on an ongoing basis, Bioconservacion conducted an efficiency study at the express request of one of its customers. The study explored solutions to improve efficiency in eliminating odours origintating from biological reactors through the use of horizontal deodorisation systems. The objective was to guarantee the ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • On PM 2.5 Filters, Let’s just clear the air between us; ok?

    In the area of a former military building complex in the Chaoyang District of Beijing is a unique and thriving artistic community.  In the middle of this art district, is a strange 7-meter tall tower shaped like an avant-garde metallic pineapple.  Designed by Dutch artist Daan Roosegaarde, it is both an artistic creation and a functional tool meant to test a possible solution for ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

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