pm2.5 Articles

  • A practical guide to PM2.5

    By now you’ve likely heard about U.S. EPA’s final rules governing the implementation of the New Source Review (NSR) program for fine particulate matter (i.e., particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 microns, or PM2.5). ALL4 published two articles in 2008 addressing specific aspects of the PM2.5 NSR rule. ALL4 has since formally established a PM2.5 Team to ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • PM2.5 Air Quality Modeling Updates

    There has been much activity over the past six (6) months that will impact how air quality modeling analyses will be conducted for Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) permit applications with respect to particulate matter less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5).  As the resident air quality modeling expert at ALL4, I thought it ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • Performance characterization of the MiniVol PM2.5 Sampler case study

    Measurements were conducted to assess the MiniVol PM2.5 sampler performance for various particle preseparator configurations including flat and cup impaction stages. Laboratory measurements were conducted to determine the impactor collection efficiency as a function of paricle size. Impactor cut points - the aerodynamic particle diameter exhibiting 50% collection efficiency - were 2.5 um (+- 10%) ...


    By Airmetrics

  • Is it time to upgrade the PM2.5 federal reference method?

    The fine particulate matter (PM2.5) Federal Reference Method (FRM) has in many respects been a great success. When the method was implemented, there was some doubt that the state and local monitoring agencies that routinely provide air quality data would be able to manage a program, which often distinguishes one location from another by just a few μg/m3. As it turns out, data from the FRM ...

  • EPA shifts PM2.5 PSD permitting policies

    On August 12, 2009, EPA created a significant stir in the regulated community when it issued an order that signals a significant shift in how the agency intends particulate matter with a diameter less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) emissions to be regulated under the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) program. The order specifically applied to petitions filed by environmental groups ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Scavenging of PM2.5 by precipitation and the effects of precipitation pattern changes on health risks related to PM2.5 in Tokyo, Japan

    Fine particulate matter (aerodynamic diameter <2.5 μm; PM2.5) poses risks to human health. While precipitation is the main process for decreasing ambient pollutant concentrations, scavenging of PM2.5 by precipitation remains to be investigated. Here we formulated the processes of PM2.5 scavenging by precipitation from observed PM2.5 concentrations ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Have You Missed a Valve Checkup?

    Let’s face it: Few people enjoy going to the doctor for routine exams — but it’s important. Routine visits help make sure you’re in good shape, and highlight things you can do to be even healthier. As you schedule your annual trip to your physician, don’t forget that valves need checkups, too. In fact, control valves need a checkup every 12 weeks. In our latest ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Examining the benefits of HDPE geomembrane

    Comparing various geomembranes for your next geosynthetic application? Don’t overlook high-density polyethylene (HDPE) geomembrane. HDPE has been in use for decades and during that time a number of studies have been conducted to test its longevity and ability to meet environmental sustainability project requirements. Here, we explore some of those studies to examine the benefits of HDPE ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • Top 5 incineration myth busters

    There are a lot of myths and misconceptions out there when it comes to incinerators and with many people feeling uncertain of what they actually need when in a position to purchase a incinerator, it is sometimes difficult to tell fact from fiction.  Every day we have multiple phone calls from existing and potential customers asking the same ...

  • DESMI Pumps for HVAC in Sharjah, UAE - Case Study

    DESMI has supplied a series of eight NSLH End Suction Centrifugal Pumps for the Umm Al-Qura building located in Sharjah at the Al Mamzar beach. The NSLH pumps will be providing 198 differently sized apartments with cooling. The residential building has 22 floors + 5 floors for car ...


    By DESMI A/S

  • What`s the Best Air Pollution Control Technology for My Process?

    Air pollution control equipment is not something that business owners address by saying, “Let’s do the right thing for the environment and install an oxidizer!” In fact, the scenario is more likely to be “We need to increase productivity (always a good thing!), but that will put us over our annual emissions limits. Do we know what we will need? Where do we start? Who can ...

  • What is Indoor Air Quality?

    Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) refers to the degree of air purity inside buildings that constitute the usual environment in which people carry out activities (offices, homes, schools, shopping and leisure centres, etc.) Because of increasing urbanisation and our contemporary lifestyle, most people spend a large proportion of their time in these closed environments. The high level of atmospheric ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Sludge Blanket Level Detection – making new process opportunities possible

    Much Pulsar's Self-Cleaning Viper Sludge Sensor of the demonstrating the effective maintenance-free solution. discussion around the way we deal with sewage sludge – the way it is moved around the process, the bellmouth valves and decant processes, the downstream treatment of the liquors, important issues around TOTEX and discharge Compliance, plus more recently the ...

  • Transformational adaptation – when climate change means business as usual is no longer possible

    1. A lesson from the past Deep in the central Sahara, a crumbling mud-brick town sits at the edge of a dry lake bed. This is the medieval town of Germa, in southwestern Libya, one of a string of settlements along the Wadi al-Ajal, a valley defined by the towering dunes of the Ubari Sand Sea to the north, and the black cliffs of the Messak Settafet plateau to the south. Germa is romantic ...


    By Garama 3C Ltd

  • Get Empowered: Quickstart Interface - Tip #1

    Welcome back to Get Empowered! My tip-of-the-week blog for Empower Software kicks-off by taking a closer look at the Empower QuickStart Interface. There is so much to cover in this series, so I have broken it up in to three tips. Tip #1: An Overview ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Designing With Geosynthetic Clay Liners

    In construction, preventing the penetration of liquids and gases is essential to maintaining the integrity of a structure. Often, containment is just as important, especially when dealing with chemical contaminants or other waste. When looking to stop the spread of contaminated liquids and gases, there are few tools as effective as geosynthetic clay liners (GCL). Read on to learn how to design ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • CEA LASE laboratory uses Kartotrak to map radionuclides difficult to measure

    Problematics The autoradiography technique consists in depositing sensitive screens collecting the radiation on facility floors, ceilings or walls during different exposure times ...


    By Geovariances

  • Secondary Oil Containment at US Army Corps of Engineers - Big Bend Dam - Case Study

    Big Bend Dam takes its name from the unique bend in the Missouri River seven miles upstream from the dam. Construction of the dam began in 1959 and the embankment was completed in July 1963. Big Bend dam is 95 feet (29 m) high and 10,570 feet (3,220 m) in length. Power generation began at the facility in 1964 and the entire complex was completed by 1966. The hydroelectric plant generates ...


    By Albarrie Canada Limited

  • The Clog Blog

    Clogging and over pressuring are definitely problematic for Liquid Chromatography columns. Back in 2005 John Dolan’s sage advice to chromatographers to make an LC column last forever was simple, “Never open the box!” As John pointed out, this is not practical and I have to agree. But as an LC column manufacturer I have seen remarks from customers regarding clogging as though it ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Treatment and Disposal of Air Pollution Control Residue

    What is APCr? Thermal waste management using Energy Recovery Facilities (ERFs) is now a well-managed and mature technology that is subject to environmental monitoring by a range of competent international bodies. These ERFs have been established as a means of diverting waste away from landfill disposal and for valorising the material and energy content of the waste. Counter to historic ...

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