pm2.5 Articles

  • A practical guide to PM2.5

    By now you’ve likely heard about U.S. EPA’s final rules governing the implementation of the New Source Review (NSR) program for fine particulate matter (i.e., particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 microns, or PM2.5). ALL4 published two articles in 2008 addressing specific aspects of the PM2.5 NSR rule. ALL4 has since formally established a PM2.5 Team to ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • PM2.5 Air Quality Modeling Updates

    There has been much activity over the past six (6) months that will impact how air quality modeling analyses will be conducted for Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) permit applications with respect to particulate matter less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5).  As the resident air quality modeling expert at ALL4, I thought it ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • Performance characterization of the MiniVol PM2.5 Sampler case study

    Measurements were conducted to assess the MiniVol PM2.5 sampler performance for various particle preseparator configurations including flat and cup impaction stages. Laboratory measurements were conducted to determine the impactor collection efficiency as a function of paricle size. Impactor cut points - the aerodynamic particle diameter exhibiting 50% collection efficiency - were 2.5 um (+- 10%) ...


    By Airmetrics

  • Is it time to upgrade the PM2.5 federal reference method?

    The fine particulate matter (PM2.5) Federal Reference Method (FRM) has in many respects been a great success. When the method was implemented, there was some doubt that the state and local monitoring agencies that routinely provide air quality data would be able to manage a program, which often distinguishes one location from another by just a few μg/m3. As it turns out, data from the FRM ...

  • EPA shifts PM2.5 PSD permitting policies

    On August 12, 2009, EPA created a significant stir in the regulated community when it issued an order that signals a significant shift in how the agency intends particulate matter with a diameter less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) emissions to be regulated under the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) program. The order specifically applied to petitions filed by environmental groups ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Scavenging of PM2.5 by precipitation and the effects of precipitation pattern changes on health risks related to PM2.5 in Tokyo, Japan

    Fine particulate matter (aerodynamic diameter <2.5 μm; PM2.5) poses risks to human health. While precipitation is the main process for decreasing ambient pollutant concentrations, scavenging of PM2.5 by precipitation remains to be investigated. Here we formulated the processes of PM2.5 scavenging by precipitation from observed PM2.5 concentrations ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Adoption hurdles and challenges with small wind turbines

    Adoption Hurdles and Challenges with Small Wind Turbines Wind energy is very promising. It can be harvested without any costs, and like solar panels, wind turbines are environmentally-friendly. However, such machines are not living up to their potential. Some users have reported low efficiency rates, unpredictable performance and costly adoption barriers. ...


    By Larson Electronics LLC

  • Odour Control at Pesticide Facilities: Eliminating volatile compounds

    Chemical formulation plants are susceptible to emissions of unpleasant and malodorous volatile compounds, a fact which makes the implementation of efficient odour control measures essential. North-western Spain is home to one of the country's oldest industrial sites for the manufacture of phytosanitary products, with some facilities located relatively close to populated areas. Recently, the ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • How a contract research lab advanced its polymer characterization capabilities

    Realizing the Advantages of Ultra-High-Performance Size Exclusion Chromatography Compared to GPC Intertek is a global provider of quality and safety services designed to help businesses improve products, assets and processes, overcome market constraints and reduce risks. From auditing and inspection, to testing, training, and certification, Intertek enables customers to meet end ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • The Rationale for Accelerating Regionally Focused Climate Intervention Research

    Abstract Ten years ago, Paul Crutzen asked whether the time had come to consider undertaking research into intentionally intervening in the climate system so that it might be considered a policy option comparable to reducing emissions for limiting human-induced climate change. Crutzen’s article pointed out how little progress had been made in reducing emissions and suggested that ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Top 10 Compliance Storylines from 2016

    For the compliance sector, 2016 was a critical year. It was a year in which regional government bodies around the globe took on greater responsibility as gatekeepers of environmental and human rights standards in the corporate sector. It was also the year of the investor, where corporate decision makers became more concerned with transparency and accountability in supply chains. ...


    By Assent Compliance Inc.

  • Oil Sampling Best Practices (Part 2)

    Understanding Dynamic Particle Equilibrium in Closed Loop Systems Dynamic Equilibrium Condition (DEC) is defined as a steady state condition where the normal wear rate in a machine results in no net gain or loss of particles. ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • What are the best companies for Zero Liquid Discharge Equipment and Technology?

    With an increasing push for environmental protection, many industrial facilities and effluent regulators are making decisions that lessen their impact on the environment and human health. Changes and implementations are constantly being discussed and met both nationally and internationally to change the way industrial facilities discharge waste, and it is important to know which companies are the ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Oil Sampling Best Practices

    Obtaining a representative oil sample from a closed loop lubrication system is essential to any good oil analysis program. As oil analysis programs become more standardized for routine monitoring, especially within equipment warranty support programs, equipment makers provide more sampling points on new equipment. These ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Biosolids ban struck down

    In 1994, Los Angeles County Sanitation Districts (LACSD) bought a 4,700-acre farm (called Green Acres Farm) in southwest Kern County for the purpose of land applying biosolids from its 11 wastewater treatment plants. LACSD land applied 800 wet tons/day at this site for several years. In 2006, Kern County voters passed Measure E on the ballot with 83 percent approval. This measure banned ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • 10 Reasons why you should continuously monitor low temperature and liquid chemical sterilants for worker safety

    1. Sterilant chemicals are highly toxic Low temperature and liquid chemical sterilants are designed to kill all microorganisms including resistant spores and if they were not toxic, they would not be effective in sufficiently high concentration to destroy all microbial life including the chemically resistant sporicidal forms of certain ...


    By ChemDAQ, Inc.

  • Occupational Airborne Hazards and the Importance of Proper Respiratory Protection

    Each year, the United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) publishes a preliminary list of the 10 most frequently cited safety and health violations for the fiscal year.  It is comprised and compiled from thousands of workplace inspections conducted by federal OSHA staff from across the country.  Most years, one of the top 10 cited violations involves respiratory ...


    By Cochrane & Associates, LLC

  • Landfill pumps for Gas well dewatering - Case Study

    AutoPumps Keep the Power On for Thousands of Florida Homes Waste Management's Springhill Regional Landfill near Campbellton, Florida generates "green" energy by extracting and burning the methane in landfill gas. Its $7 million landfill gas energy (LFGE) plant, with six large Caterpillar engines running 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, is capable of producing 4.8 million watts of power. ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Treating drinking water with 99% removal - Case Study

    QED E-Z Tray® Air Stripper Treating Drinking Water with 99% Removal in Cedarburg, Wisconsin In October 2011, the Cedarburg, Wisconsin Light and Water Utility installed a QED E-Z Tray® (U.S. Patent Number 5,518,668) Air Stripper in a discreet addition to their existing production pump building. The E-Z Tray 72.6 handles a flow rate of ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Transformation of the waste business influences all business owners

    Even if recycling was expensive and unprofitable in the past, it will not be that in the future. We need to stop landfilling valuable materials for the sake of our business and for the sake of the globe. A huge, global transformation in waste management has already begun. The biggest driver of change is related legislation that makes us shift towards recycling and material recovery. The pace ...


    By Tana Oy

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