pm2.5 Articles

  • A practical guide to PM2.5

    By now you’ve likely heard about U.S. EPA’s final rules governing the implementation of the New Source Review (NSR) program for fine particulate matter (i.e., particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 microns, or PM2.5). ALL4 published two articles in 2008 addressing specific aspects of the PM2.5 NSR rule. ALL4 has since formally established a PM2.5 Team to ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • PM2.5 Air Quality Modeling Updates

    There has been much activity over the past six (6) months that will impact how air quality modeling analyses will be conducted for Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) permit applications with respect to particulate matter less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5).  As the resident air quality modeling expert at ALL4, I thought it ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • EPA shifts PM2.5 PSD permitting policies

    On August 12, 2009, EPA created a significant stir in the regulated community when it issued an order that signals a significant shift in how the agency intends particulate matter with a diameter less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) emissions to be regulated under the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) program. The order specifically applied to petitions filed by environmental groups ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Is it time to upgrade the PM2.5 federal reference method?

    The fine particulate matter (PM2.5) Federal Reference Method (FRM) has in many respects been a great success. When the method was implemented, there was some doubt that the state and local monitoring agencies that routinely provide air quality data would be able to manage a program, which often distinguishes one location from another by just a few μg/m3. As it turns out, data from the FRM ...

  • Performance characterization of the MiniVol PM2.5 Sampler case study

    Measurements were conducted to assess the MiniVol PM2.5 sampler performance for various particle preseparator configurations including flat and cup impaction stages. Laboratory measurements were conducted to determine the impactor collection efficiency as a function of paricle size. Impactor cut points - the aerodynamic particle diameter exhibiting 50% collection efficiency - were 2.5 um (+- 10%) ...


    By Airmetrics

  • Old container, new station: WS600 part of air quality measurement system in Kutaisi

    An AQM station including a Lufft WS600 all-in-one weather sensor was installed by our local system integrator ELKO LLC in Kutaisi, Georgia in May 2017. It was mounted on an existing measurement container provided by the customer LEPL National Environmental Agency. The system consists of a Fidas® 200 fine dust monitor and immission measurement system detecting PM2.5 and PM10 particles ...

  • Scavenging of PM2.5 by precipitation and the effects of precipitation pattern changes on health risks related to PM2.5 in Tokyo, Japan

    Fine particulate matter (aerodynamic diameter <2.5 μm; PM2.5) poses risks to human health. While precipitation is the main process for decreasing ambient pollutant concentrations, scavenging of PM2.5 by precipitation remains to be investigated. Here we formulated the processes of PM2.5 scavenging by precipitation from observed PM2.5 concentrations ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ruzomberok (Slovakia) Industrial WWTP - Case Study

    Number of Tanks: 4 Total Volume: 10,000 m³ Water Depth: 4.0 m SOTR Standard Oxygen Transfer Rate: 5,095 kgO2/h Total Airflow: 61,680 Nm3/h No. of AEROSTRIP® Diffusers: 3,000 Ružomberok is a city in northern Slovakia with around 30,000 inhabitants. The local ...


    By Aquaconsult Anlagenbau GmbH

  • Modeling for NAAQS Part 1: How to select the appropriate output for NO2

    The U.S. National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for 1-hour SO2, 1-hour NO2, and 24-hour PM2.5 use a very particular format. It is very important for all modelers (both within and outside of the U.S.) to understand how AERMOD handles this. In particular, U.S. users need to be familiar with the ...

  • Focus on Microfiltration Part 3: Extending Service Life Using Prefiltration

    Last month we examined filter selection strategies for maximizing service life in continuous use applications.  In this 3rd installment, we will examine the use of prefilters to extend service life. Clarifying liquids with high levels of suspended solids is challenging, especially for applications requiring submicron filtration.  In these applications, filter users who experience ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • Kranj (SLO) Municipal Plants - Case Study

    Digester: 5.000 m³ sewage sludge digestion Scope of services: sewage sludge digester agitator, flare, gas equipment, gas storage, desulphurization Start-up: ...

  • A new and improved courtyard at Wynberg Girls High School in Cape Town with Geoplast Drainroof - Case Study

    Drainroof, Geoplast’s solution for roof gardens made of recycled low-density propylene, was recently chosen for alterations at Wynberg Girls High School in Cape Town. Noero Architects, a prestigious architectural firm with offices in Cape Town and Port Elizabeth, conceived and supervised the project, while Abrach Construction carried it out. De Villiers & Hulme participated as ...


    By Geoplast US Corp.

  • Danone Bottling Plant Increases Production Capacity with Addition of Aeration without Modifying Existing Infrastructure

    Overview Aguas Danone de Argentina is a leader in the national mineral and flavored water market, with well-known brands such as Villavicencio, Villa del Sur, Levité, and Ser. Aguas Danone de Argentina is part of the Danone Group, world leader in the food and beverage industry, with products reaching 120 countries on 5 continents. The bottling plant located in ...

  • Methods of Purification by Water Innovations, Inc.

    Carbon Filtration is used for several reasons. Its primary purpose is the reduction of chlorine to less than 0.1 ppm. Chorine can damage softener resins, reverse osmosis membranes, and mixed bed deionization resins. Activated carbon will also help control tastes and odors, provide organic and hazardous organic chemical reduction, and some particulate reduction. ...


    By Water Innovations, Inc

  • Fine Particulate Series: PM2.5 nonattainment — What you need to know

    In the March 2009 4 The Record article “A Practical Guide to PM2.5,” ALL4’s PM2.5 Team discussed the technical basics of PM2.5 and the specific steps that you can take to assess your position with regard to the challenging regulatory landscape that lies ahead. This month’s article aims to fill in a few technical details regarding PM2.5 nonattainment areas, including a ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • Characteristics of PM2.5 in rural areas of southern Jiangsu Province, China

    To understand pollution level and possible sources ofatmospheric fine particulates in rural areas of southern Jiangsu Province of China, samples of PM2.5 were collected and analyzed in Xueyan Town and Taihu Lake Station over three seasons from July 2002 to January 2003. The mass concentrations of PM2.5 and 14 principal component elements were obtained. The results showed that pollution of PM2.5 ...


    By IOS Press

  • CS Bioenergia (BRA) Disposal Company - Case Study

    Digester: 2 x 5.000 m³ Post Digester: 3.400 m³ Gas storage: 3.250 m³ Input substrates: primary and secundary sludge, food waste Scope of services:  concept creation, consulting, detail engineering, delivery of equipment, general project supervision, start-up, operational support and service Estimatet completion date: ...

  • AVEDØRE (Denmark) Municipal WWTP - Case Study

    Number of Tanks: 4 Total Volume: 80,000 m³ Water Depth: 3.5 m SOTR Standard Oxygen Transfer Rate: 4,270 kgO2/h Total Airflow: 58,720 Nm3/h No. of AEROSTRIP® Diffusers: 1,600 Avedøre is part of the suburbs in the south-west of Denmark’s capital ...


    By Aquaconsult Anlagenbau GmbH

  • Maintenance To-Do: Coil Cleaning

    A coil-cleaning program should be an integral part of maintaining some kinds of process cooling equipment. Most people think of coil cleaning as a building or facility prepares to turn on the air-conditioners for another season. Admittedly, spring is a perfect time to put such cleaning and maintenance at the top of the to-do list. Condenser and evaporator coils are an integral part of HVAC ...


    By Evapco Inc.

  • On PM 2.5 Filters, Let’s just clear the air between us; ok?

    In the area of a former military building complex in the Chaoyang District of Beijing is a unique and thriving artistic community.  In the middle of this art district, is a strange 7-meter tall tower shaped like an avant-garde metallic pineapple.  Designed by Dutch artist Daan Roosegaarde, it is both an artistic creation and a functional tool meant to test a possible solution for ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

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