pm2.5 sampling Articles

  • Is it time to upgrade the PM2.5 federal reference method?

    The fine particulate matter (PM2.5) Federal Reference Method (FRM) has in many respects been a great success. When the method was implemented, there was some doubt that the state and local monitoring agencies that routinely provide air quality data would be able to manage a program, which often distinguishes one location from another by just a few μg/m3. As it turns out, data from the FRM ...

  • Why Are CHP Closing All Over The World?

    Burning of coal nowadays has become a big problem. The main reason for this is a rapid increase of mankind. So, China burns half of coal in the world. Since 2000 the share of coal in world energy production has increased from 25 to 30%, and the Chinese economy is responsible for 82% of this growth. In Beijing, it is customary to use ...


    By Lumex Instruments Group

  • Online Chemical Oxygen Demand for Treatment Optimization - Case Study

    A wide variety of products are made in the chemical and pharmaceutical manufacturing industries, that require large volumes of chemicals, materials, and substances that are used throughout process operations. Waste water from these facilities typically include contaminants, toxins, nutrients, and organic content that presents challenges with regards to treatment. A major UK based chemical ...


    By MANTECH

  • Robust on-line monitoring assay - Case Study

    Alkaline Phosphatase Enzyme Activity Measurement as a Robust on-line Monitoring Assay for Water Quality Assessment. Zina Al-Saar 4th year Intern student Avans University of Applied Science - ATGM Department Joep Appels - Supervisor and Managing Director microLAN on line Bio-monitoring System. ...


    By microLAN B.V.

  • Characteristics of PM2.5 in rural areas of southern Jiangsu Province, China

    To understand pollution level and possible sources ofatmospheric fine particulates in rural areas of southern Jiangsu Province of China, samples of PM2.5 were collected and analyzed in Xueyan Town and Taihu Lake Station over three seasons from July 2002 to January 2003. The mass concentrations of PM2.5 and 14 principal component elements were obtained. The results showed that pollution of PM2.5 ...


    By IOS Press

  • A Faster and Better FluidScan with Version 5

    Measure water contamination in turbine oils down to 300 ppm The latest version of FluidScan software can detect total water presence as low as 300 ppm in turbine oils.  The method provides an alternative to laboratory tests such as Karl Fischer titration when fast, simple, and reagent-free analysis is needed. In addition to measuring water contamination, the FluidScan ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Minute Flow Tip Video - Mass Flow Versus Volumetric Flow Technology

    When engineers and systems integrators need to measure gas flow rate in an industrial process or scientific research, there are many types of technologies to choose from.  This makes selecting the right gas flow meter a challenge. In addition to technology, engineers must consider many other parameters: price for value, cost of ownership, size of footprint, ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Traffic emission effects on ambient air pollution by PM2.5–related PAH in Upper Silesia, Poland

    The ambient concentration of particle–bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was investigated in two industrial towns in Upper Silesia, Poland. The 24 h samples of PM2.5 (particles with aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 µm) were collected simultaneously at busy roads (or crossroads) and at an urban background site. Additionally, the samples were collected during the heaviest traffic density (rush ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Time series analysis of PM2.5 and PM10−2.5 mass concentration in the city of Sao Carlos, Brazil

    The temporal trends of PM2.5 and PM10−2.5 fractions of the atmospheric Particulate Matter (PM) concentrations in the city centre of Sao Carlos were studied. The mass concentrations were measured using a dichotomous sampler. The samples were obtained weekly using a 24-hour sampling time, and the period of study covers the years 2001 to 2006. The SARIMA model from the R statistical package was used ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples

    Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples Biodegradation tests usually involve comparison of the oxygen uptake of a test sample – or gas production for anoxic or anaerobic tests – to that for a readily biodegradable control substrate (usually acetic acid, ethanol, or aniline). While biodegradation characteristics can vary among chemical types and wastewater sources, typical patterns are shown ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Sampling moisture in the soil profile

    Patterns of water replenishment and use give rise to large spatial variations in soil moisture over the depth of the soil profile. Accurate measurements of profile water content are therefore the basis of any water budget study. When monitored accurately, profile measurements show the rates of water use, amounts of deep percolation, and amounts of water stored for plant use.Experimental ...


    By Decagon Devices, Inc.

  • Oil Sampling Best Practices

    Obtaining a representative oil sample from a closed loop lubrication system is essential to any good oil analysis program. As oil analysis programs become more standardized for routine monitoring, especially within equipment warranty support programs, equipment makers provide more sampling points on new equipment. These ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Sampling of Saturated and Unsaturated Sands by Freezing

    A 600-mm-long, 100-mm-wide, and 20-mm-thick steel plate containing a wavey groove carrying chilled ethanol at -40°C was used successfully to obtain undisturbed frozen samples of saturated clean sand. The freezing probe was also used in an unsaturated sand dune to obtain samples at a depth of 3.0 m. For sands above the groundwater level, an imbibition test is, however, required prior to freezing ...


    By ASTM International

  • Groundwater: Low-flow Purging and Sampling

    Significant timesavings, improved sample process integrity, quality assurance and minimal quantities of potentially contaminated purge water to manage - are attractive as the focus on groundwater quality sharpens and economics demand best cost-benefit based methods Water has become a vitally important resource.  Maintaining its quality and quantity and avoiding pollution are set to be ...


    By Geotech

  • Measurement of TOC in High-Salt Sample

    The quantity of organic matter in seawater is important in the research and monitoring of marine pollution as an indicator of organic pollution. The salt content in seawater is typically about 3.5 %, but using the Shimadzu total organic carbon analyzer, it is possible to measure the TOC directly without dilution or other pretreatment procedures. Here, we introduce an example of measurement of ...

  • New Project Sample - Case Study

    In-house pipe bursting provides a cost-effective solution for I & I reduction Challenge Replace 200 miles of aging sewer pipe at 5 miles/year over 40 years with predictable costs and reliable ROI, to get rid of I/I spikes in one of the wettest climates on America’s West Coast. Solution We help this ...


    By TRIC Tools Inc.

  • Analysis of biogenic amines food and physiological samples

    Histamine and other polyamines such as Putrescine, Cadaverine, Spermidine and Spermine are products of decomposition. The level of histamine, in particular, has been used as a regulatory guideline for degree of decomposition in fish. Also, Histamine and Tyramine levels are of interest to producers of wine and cheese. The polyamines, Spermidine, Spermine and Putrescine are elevated in neoplastic ...


    By Pickering Laboratories, Inc.

  • Pure water pH measurement in low conductivity samples

    Normally, pH measurements are made in water with 1,000 to 10,000 uS/cm conductivity. The conductivity conies from dissolved solids, typically, salts plus net acid or base which explains the exhibited pH. These dissolved substances are in the solution in ion form, which makes such solutions conducting. With 1,000 uS/cm conductivity of mobile ions pH electrodes have a good circuit and give fast, ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Use of Eight Well Purging and Sampling Record

    This article describes a groundwater well purging and sampling form that can be downloaded at our website. A click on the articles button will take you to a list of Monitoring Tips and Procedures articles, one of which is the sampling form. The form can be used to record  indicator parameters pH, conductivity, temperature, etc., taken during ...


    By RotaPump, Inc

  • Ultrasonic impact on bacterial population in sewage sample

    Nine samples of sewage sludge from different paper mills of New Delhi were treated with ultrasonic waves of two different frequencies, viz., 35 kHz and 130 kHz for different time periods (5, 10, 20 and 30 min). Treated sewage sludge was then evaluated with different parameters, viz., Chemical Oxygen Demand(COD), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Total Nitrogen, Total Phosphorus, Total Ammonia and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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