pm2.5 standard Articles

  • A practical guide to PM2.5

    By now you’ve likely heard about U.S. EPA’s final rules governing the implementation of the New Source Review (NSR) program for fine particulate matter (i.e., particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 microns, or PM2.5). ALL4 published two articles in 2008 addressing specific aspects of the PM2.5 NSR rule. ALL4 has since formally established a PM2.5 Team to ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • PM2.5 Air Quality Modeling Updates

    There has been much activity over the past six (6) months that will impact how air quality modeling analyses will be conducted for Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) permit applications with respect to particulate matter less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5).  As the resident air quality modeling expert at ALL4, I thought it ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • EPA shifts PM2.5 PSD permitting policies

    On August 12, 2009, EPA created a significant stir in the regulated community when it issued an order that signals a significant shift in how the agency intends particulate matter with a diameter less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) emissions to be regulated under the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) program. The order specifically applied to petitions filed by environmental groups ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Is it time to upgrade the PM2.5 federal reference method?

    The fine particulate matter (PM2.5) Federal Reference Method (FRM) has in many respects been a great success. When the method was implemented, there was some doubt that the state and local monitoring agencies that routinely provide air quality data would be able to manage a program, which often distinguishes one location from another by just a few μg/m3. As it turns out, data from the FRM ...

  • Scavenging of PM2.5 by precipitation and the effects of precipitation pattern changes on health risks related to PM2.5 in Tokyo, Japan

    Fine particulate matter (aerodynamic diameter <2.5 μm; PM2.5) poses risks to human health. While precipitation is the main process for decreasing ambient pollutant concentrations, scavenging of PM2.5 by precipitation remains to be investigated. Here we formulated the processes of PM2.5 scavenging by precipitation from observed PM2.5 concentrations ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Implications for UK coal-fired power stations of a move to a particulate matter standard based on PM2.5

    The contribution of UK coal-fired power stations to ambient PM2.5 concentrations has been assessed using short- and long-range modelling. The results suggested a minimal contribution from power stations to both local and regional concentrations of PM2.5 relative to the standards in the proposed European ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The rehabilitation of 43 year old waste lagoons

    In 1967 the City of Concordia, MO built a segmented lagoon system to handle the small town’s waste requirements. The main industry in Concordia is a Tyson renderings plant, and the lagoon system was designed to also handle that plant’s final waste and water polishing requirements. The lagoon system was a relatively standard design, consisting of an 18.7 acre primary lagoon, a 5.6 acre ...


    By Reliant Water Technologies

  • Corporate sustainability: A guide to measuring and improving energy efficiencies

    As environmental scrutiny of global industries continues to grow, governments are seeking to impose energy efficiency targets on companies in order to comply with new directives. One solution is to encourage energy suppliers to become energy service companies, who work with customers to identify potential savings and share the benefits this delivers. For the global food processing industry, this ...


    By TOMRA Sorting GmbH.

  • With its High Pressure Pipeline Environment, Rand Water Provided A Perfect Opportunity to Test New Smartball Insertion And Extraction Equipment

    Rand Water is the largest bulk water utility in Africa and one of the largest in the world, providing bulk potable water to more than 23 million people in Gauteng, parts of Mpumalanga, the Free State and North West - an area that stretches over 31,000 square kilometres. Rand Water’s distribution network includes over 3,300 kilometres of large-diameter pipelines. In 2015 ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Why Are CHP Closing All Over The World?

    Burning of coal nowadays has become a big problem. The main reason for this is a rapid increase of mankind. So, China burns half of coal in the world. Since 2000 the share of coal in world energy production has increased from 25 to 30%, and the Chinese economy is responsible for 82% of this growth. In Beijing, it is customary to use ...


    By Lumex Instruments Group

  • Why ‘custom-built’ is often cheaper than off the shelf

    We know that we’ve said it before, but even though we list what we call our ‘standard range’, by far and away most of the incinerators and cremators we manufacture are specially designed and manufactured to match the individual needs of each customer.  Since everyone’s requirements are different, virtually every unit we produce is ‘made to order’ and the ...


    By Todaysure Limited

  • Fine Particulate Series: PM2.5 nonattainment — What you need to know

    In the March 2009 4 The Record article “A Practical Guide to PM2.5,” ALL4’s PM2.5 Team discussed the technical basics of PM2.5 and the specific steps that you can take to assess your position with regard to the challenging regulatory landscape that lies ahead. This month’s article aims to fill in a few technical details regarding PM2.5 nonattainment areas, including a ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • `Challenges Facing Facilities in 8-Hour Ozone and/or PM2.5 Nonattainment Areas,` presented at the 2005 TAPPI Environmental conference

    Abstract In 2004, U.S. EPA finalized designations under the 8-hour ozone standard and the fine particulate matter :'PM:...) standard. With respect to the 3-hour ozone standard, 474 counties or partial counties were designated as nonattainment, while 30 areas volunteered to enter Early Action Compacts (EAC). U.S. EPA designated 40 areas comprised of 210 counties and the District of Columbia ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Reduced PM2.5 in Trujillo, Peru, on El Dia Sin Autos (“The Day Without Cars”)

    Street-level and rooftop (three-story building) concentrations of particulate matter ≤2.5 µm in diameter (PM2.5) were measured in downtown Trujillo, Peru, in July and August 2003 to determine the PM2.5 concentration reduction on days with normal traffic conditions (32 days) versus a day when motor vehicles were temporarily banned from the downtown district (8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., ...

  • Expect Tighter Particulate Matter Standards

    Particulate matter (PM) is a hot button issue poised to raise business costs and litigation. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was recently due to issue final PM standard revisions. EPA last year proposed stronger National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQSs) for fine PM (2.5 micrometers or less in diameter (PM2.5)) and the 24-hour PM2.5 standard. However, EPA sought to keep annual ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Standard Chlorine of Delaware Remediation

    By designing a 70-foot deep barrier wall, Black & Veatch was able to cut off contaminant source areas from a creek near New Castle, Delaware. The groundwater treatment system that Black & Veatch designed prevents site contamination from reaching the underlying drinking water aquifer. The Standard Chlorine of Delaware Site is a 65 acre area including an abandoned chlorobenzene ...


    By Black & Veatch Corporation

  • Washington: hazard standards

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) proposed on Sept. 30, 2009, to align the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) with provisions of the United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). The HCS requires chemical manufacturers and importers to evaluate chemical hazards and provide information to subsequent users. The standard now ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Standard Process Industrial Case Study

    The Standard Process company is a vitamin and food supplement manufacturer in business since 1929 located in an environmentally sensistive area called the Kettle Moraine basin. The basin is an area containing rare species with diverse habitats. The Standard Process company realizes this and has helped preserve this area with their organic farming techniques, waste reduction methods and now with ...


    By Biowater Technology

  • Expansion yields quality standards in Europe

    ' No aerosols/odors, maintenance savings, turndown capability, and improved treatment' resulted with the AIRE-O2® aerators, reported the engineer Problem This European chemical company’s propylene oxide/tertiary butyl alcohol plant decided to expand its activated sludge system. The existing 1.58 MG (6,000 m 3) concrete basin had reached capacity. Also, three 60 hp (45 kW) surface ...

  • Prospering with the New ISO Energy Standards

    According to the USEPA, energy use in commercial and industrial buildings costs U.S. companies about $200 billion per year. And for many businesses, energy costs (with unit prices rising every year) are among their largest expenses. Therefore, the direct financial benefits of reducing energy use should drive all companies – even non-“smoke stack” facilities – to establish ...


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