pm2.5 standard Articles

  • A practical guide to PM2.5

    By now you’ve likely heard about U.S. EPA’s final rules governing the implementation of the New Source Review (NSR) program for fine particulate matter (i.e., particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 microns, or PM2.5). ALL4 published two articles in 2008 addressing specific aspects of the PM2.5 NSR rule. ALL4 has since formally established a PM2.5 Team to ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • PM2.5 Air Quality Modeling Updates

    There has been much activity over the past six (6) months that will impact how air quality modeling analyses will be conducted for Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) permit applications with respect to particulate matter less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5).  As the resident air quality modeling expert at ALL4, I thought it ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • EPA shifts PM2.5 PSD permitting policies

    On August 12, 2009, EPA created a significant stir in the regulated community when it issued an order that signals a significant shift in how the agency intends particulate matter with a diameter less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) emissions to be regulated under the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) program. The order specifically applied to petitions filed by environmental groups ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Is it time to upgrade the PM2.5 federal reference method?

    The fine particulate matter (PM2.5) Federal Reference Method (FRM) has in many respects been a great success. When the method was implemented, there was some doubt that the state and local monitoring agencies that routinely provide air quality data would be able to manage a program, which often distinguishes one location from another by just a few μg/m3. As it turns out, data from the FRM ...

  • Scavenging of PM2.5 by precipitation and the effects of precipitation pattern changes on health risks related to PM2.5 in Tokyo, Japan

    Fine particulate matter (aerodynamic diameter <2.5 μm; PM2.5) poses risks to human health. While precipitation is the main process for decreasing ambient pollutant concentrations, scavenging of PM2.5 by precipitation remains to be investigated. Here we formulated the processes of PM2.5 scavenging by precipitation from observed PM2.5 concentrations ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Implications for UK coal-fired power stations of a move to a particulate matter standard based on PM2.5

    The contribution of UK coal-fired power stations to ambient PM2.5 concentrations has been assessed using short- and long-range modelling. The results suggested a minimal contribution from power stations to both local and regional concentrations of PM2.5 relative to the standards in the proposed European ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fine Particulate Series: PM2.5 nonattainment — What you need to know

    In the March 2009 4 The Record article “A Practical Guide to PM2.5,” ALL4’s PM2.5 Team discussed the technical basics of PM2.5 and the specific steps that you can take to assess your position with regard to the challenging regulatory landscape that lies ahead. This month’s article aims to fill in a few technical details regarding PM2.5 nonattainment areas, including a ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • Netherlands’ Mobile Emergency Pumps Provide Rapid Flood Response

    The Western European nation has 20 mobile diesel-driven pumps on standby, ready to assist in national and international emergencies. One of the smallest and most densely populated countries in Western Europe, the Netherlands has nearly 10 million residents who live and work below sea level. Without active water management and primary flood defenses, ...


    By BBA Pumps

  • BBA Mobile Emergency Pumps Provide Rapid Response for Floods

    Netherlands’ Mobile Emergency Pumps Provide Rapid Flood Response In its latest edition, the North American PUMPS & SYSTEMS magazine publishes an in-depth article featuring the history and current usage of emergency mobile pumps. The Western European ...


    By BBA Pumps

  • 10 things you need to know about the circular economy

    10 things you need to know about the circular economy A working circular economy could be a practical solution to the planet’s emerging resource problems. Here’s 10 facts you should know. 1. Why do we need one? The circular economy is touted as a practical solution to the planet’s emerging resource crunch. Reserves of key resources such ...


    By GPT Waste Management Ltd

  • 100 Simple Ways To Save Water

    To improve water conservation install a rain sensor, it turns off your irrigation when it rains. Use a weather-based controller. The use of smart controllers can reduce water usage 24% a year on average. Learn about available rebate programs ...


    By Jain Irrigation, Inc

  • ´More Stations. More Data. Better Forecasts.´ – the NYS Mesonet

    “More Stations. More Data. Better Forecasts.” – that’s the slogan of New York State Mesonet. The weather observation network consists of a total of 125 weather stations all over the state of New York and Lufft was selected as one of the vendors to support them in capturing the data. All 125 of the weathers stations have the standard instrumentation suite. Of those 125, 17 ...

  • Case study: Innovative portable package wastewater treatment plants

    DEVISE ENGINEERING S.A. has designed, engineered and is currently producing a new series of State of the Art Portable Sewage Treatment Plants (PSTP), incorporating advanced Ultra-Filtration (MBR) technology. These Plants are used for multiple “emergency” & “short-term” purposes with the ability to re-use the treated effluent. The particular Portable STP can be easily ...


    By DEVISE ENGINEERING S.A.

  • The productive environmental laboratory: BSK Labs boosts efficiency with Metrohm IC

    BSK Labs runs a number of environmental laboratories and service centers along the west coast of the US. A total of 70 employees – including microbiologists, chemists, lab technicians, and support staff – make sure that the 200 to 350 samples that come in every week are analyzed. BSK Labs specializes in potable water chemistry, ground water monitoring, storm water runoff, solid waste ...


    By Metrohm AG

  • Two Detector Solution to Analyzing Sulfur

    Sulfur compounds are reactive, corrosive to pipes, and destructive to catalysts in petroleum refineries. Sulfur emission are strictly regulated globally. When released into the atmosphere sulfur dioxide converts to sulfuric acid resulting in adverse effects on human health and the environment. Sulfur detection is found useful in many other industries; therefore, detection of sulfur compounds in ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Direct Mass Flow or Volumetric: The Thermal Flow Meter Technology Advantage!

    In today’s world where everyone is watching the bottom line, you need high performance, cost-effective instrumentation—and capillary thermal mass flow meters and controllers have been proven to meet this criteria in a wide range of process applications. Thermal mass flow technology is an industry standard for mass flow control of gases because it measures flow directly, at the ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • `Challenges Facing Facilities in 8-Hour Ozone and/or PM2.5 Nonattainment Areas,` presented at the 2005 TAPPI Environmental conference

    Abstract In 2004, U.S. EPA finalized designations under the 8-hour ozone standard and the fine particulate matter :'PM:...) standard. With respect to the 3-hour ozone standard, 474 counties or partial counties were designated as nonattainment, while 30 areas volunteered to enter Early Action Compacts (EAC). U.S. EPA designated 40 areas comprised of 210 counties and the District of Columbia ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Reduced PM2.5 in Trujillo, Peru, on El Dia Sin Autos (“The Day Without Cars”)

    Street-level and rooftop (three-story building) concentrations of particulate matter ≤2.5 µm in diameter (PM2.5) were measured in downtown Trujillo, Peru, in July and August 2003 to determine the PM2.5 concentration reduction on days with normal traffic conditions (32 days) versus a day when motor vehicles were temporarily banned from the downtown district (8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., ...

  • Expect Tighter Particulate Matter Standards

    Particulate matter (PM) is a hot button issue poised to raise business costs and litigation. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was recently due to issue final PM standard revisions. EPA last year proposed stronger National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQSs) for fine PM (2.5 micrometers or less in diameter (PM2.5)) and the 24-hour PM2.5 standard. However, EPA sought to keep annual ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Standard Chlorine of Delaware Remediation

    By designing a 70-foot deep barrier wall, Black & Veatch was able to cut off contaminant source areas from a creek near New Castle, Delaware. The groundwater treatment system that Black & Veatch designed prevents site contamination from reaching the underlying drinking water aquifer. The Standard Chlorine of Delaware Site is a 65 acre area including an abandoned chlorobenzene ...


    By Black & Veatch Corporation

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