point-of-use filtration Articles

  • Caustic Recovery Using Membrane Filtration

    Abstract Food and beverage processors that use dilute caustic solutions for cleaning process equipment have shown increased interest in recovering the used caustic. The primary reason is that the price of caustic has increased significantly in the past year or so. Membrane filtration technology can be used to remove suspended solids (clarify with microfiltration) and/or dissolved ...


    By GEA Filtration

  • A Case for Point-of-Use RO Ultrapure Water Systems

    ULTRAPURE WATER CRITERIA - AN OVERVIEW 'Pure water' is a relative term. Practically speaking, no water, naturally occurring or treated by man, consists solely of H2O molecules. Forever in pursuit of achieving equilibrium with its surroundings, water has unique characteristics that result in its ability to dissolve most matter. This property of water to dissolve and transport materials is ...

  • Wastewater Treatment Using Crossflow Filtration Technology

    Introduction It does not take a great deal of effort these days to recognize the attention being given to water availability and purity. If in a position of consumption, obtaining just a minimum supply is a struggle in some geographical areas. In other areas available water is tainted with contaminants making it unsuitable for use. Further, those fortunate enough to have ample supply in the ...

  • Membrane filtration

    Membrane is a thin layer of material that is capable of separating compounds as a function of physical and chemical properties when a driving force is applied across the membrane, which has been widely used in a wide range of applications in water industry [1]. Membrane can be classified by the range of compounds separated and the driving forces employed. For example, microfiltration (MF), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Using Biological Filtration to Remove Arsenic from Drinking Water

    In 2001, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency changed the standards for arsenic levels in drinking water. At that time, the agency had estimated that more than 36 million Americans were drinking water that contained arsenic levels at or above 3 parts per billion. A new standard was set, lowering the maximum contaminant level to 10 parts per billion (ppb) from the previous standard of 50 ppb. ...

  • Use of horizontal flow roughing filtration in drinking water treatment

    In order to evaluate the feasibility of implementation of horizontal-flow roughing filtration for drinking water treatment a pilot was designed and run at the bank of Zayandehroud river near the village of Chamkhalifeh. Pilot running was performed in summer 2003 (July, August and September), when the quality of river water was in relatively worst condition. The filter is comprised from three ...

  • Use of Soil Filtration and UV Disinfection for Advanced Wastewater Treatment

    Abstract While guidelines exist, currently there are no federal regulations governing treatment requirements for reclaimed water. In their absence, many states have adopted California’s reclaimed water regulations, found under Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations (CCR) as well as the UV Disinfection Guidelines for Water and Water Reuse, published by the National Water Research ...

  • Efficacy of an appropriate point-of-use water treatment intervention for low-income communities in India utilizing Moringa oleifera, sari-cloth filtration and solar UV disinfection

    This study investigated the efficacy of a POU water treatment system featuring sari-cloth filtration and/or Moringa oleifera coagulation as pre-treatments for solar disinfection (SODIS). Surface water from a peri-urban slum in Chennai, India, was treated and analysed for turbidity, organic content via chemical oxygen demand (COD) and microbiological quality via most probable number (MPN) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of anthropogenic gadolinium as a tracer for bank filtrate in drinking water wells

    Knowledge of the amount of bank filtrate in raw water is crucial for drinking water suppliers using water wells in close proximity to rivers, in particular if those rivers are strongly affected by anthropogenic activities, e.g. receiving effluents from waste water treatment plants. Analysis of organic micropollutants as tracer compounds is costly and time-consuming, and results may be biased by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Filtration and manganese removal

    Manganese removal through a filter bed is generally carried out and accepted by practitioners and researchers as occurring through catalytic oxidation at the surface of MnO2 coated media, although manganese passage through a coated media filter has been little investigated. To better understand the kinetics of Mn removal through a naturally coated filter, a pilot plant consisting of four filter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Riverbank filtration in India – using ecosystem services to safeguard human health

    India has great potential to use riverbank filtration (RBF) for drinking water production as an ecosystem service for human health, principally through effective removal of common waterborne pathogens, even during monsoon. Water quality results from site investigations in North India have shown a removal of total and faecal coliform (indicator) bacteria in the range of 1.3 to >5.2 log ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Greywater treatment by granular filtration system using volcanic tuff and gravel media

    The main objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of a granular filtration system (GFS) in greywater treatment under arid and semi-arid conditions. Six GFSs were designed, constructed, and monitored for approximately 13 months. Each GFS served a single rural Jordanian home by treating their greywater. Volcanic tuff media were used as the filtration media in three of the GFSs ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dewatering waste-activated sludge using dissolved gas-flotation followed by filtration

    After the successes of flotation of waste-activated sludge (WAS), using the new technique utilizing CO2 gas as well as using model gas (80% N2+20% CO2) in previous research because of the high water solubility of CO2 gas, the aim of this study is to develop a simple method for dewatering WAS for easier reuse and safe disposal. The paper introduces a laboratory model for dewatering WAS in two ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Power Industry using Micro-Media Filtration and short-bed ion exchange

    With the demand or higher efficiencies, lower maintenance and operating costs for boilwers and turbines, high-purity water treatment systems are becoming more crucial to the operation of power plants. Modern power plants, operating at supercritical and ultra upercritical boiler pressures and temperatures, require high-purity water that approaches quality levels at the theoretical levels. ...


    By Eco-Tec Inc.

  • Demonstrating ultra-filtration and reverse osmosis performance using size exclusion chromatography

    Advanced water treatment plants employing ultrafiltration (UF) and reverse osmosis (RO) membrane processes are frequently implemented for the production of high-quality recycled water. It is important that process performance is able to be quantified and assessed to ensure it is fit for purpose. This research utilizes size exclusion chromatography with organic carbon, organic nitrogen and UV254 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Filterability assessment in membrane bioreactors using an in-situ filtration test cell

    A new method for the assessment of the filterability in membrane bioreactors was tested for five months in four MBR units in Berlin. The new method BFM (Berlin Filtration Method) for filterability assessment uses a small membrane filtration test cell which can be submerged directly in the biological tanks to determine the filterability of the activated sludge in-situ. The test cell contains an ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • RO filtration of biologically treated textile and dyeing effluents using ozonation as a pre-treatment

    Bench-scale experiments were conducted to investigate the application of ozonation pre-treatment for biologically treated textile and dyeing wastewater to improve performance of the RO process. Based on ozonation experiments, four specific ozone consumptions (SOC), 0, 0.3, 0.6, 4.0 mg O3/mg DOC0 were chosen for study of the effects of ozonation on the reverse osmosis (RO) process. Membrane flux ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Revolutionary Filtration Put To The Test

    There are many cool aspects of my job, not the least of which is learning — and sometimes even breaking news — about the latest technologies in oil and gas. When I heard from Mike Dejak, executive VP of Eco-Tec, that the company's new technology could "revolutionize filtration" for the produced water market, I was anxious to learn more about it. However, I was also duty-bound to you, ...


    By Eco-Tec Inc.

  • Odour control on waste water treatment plants and pumping stations using DMT biotrickling filtration

    Lengthy detention times and warm weather / climate leads to septic waste water producing copious amounts of not only hydrogen sulphide, but also ammonia, organic sulphides, mercaptans, bringing numerous odour complaints on waste water treatment plants ( WWTP’s ) and pumping stations. An odour abatement unit therefore will have to treat not only hydrogen sulphide, but also other pollutants ...

  • Filtration solutions for the energy sector

    AZUD offers Taylor made solutions for any kind of process where water need to be treated: Recirculation cooling processes. Side stream filtration to remove all solids from the cooling tower. Make up water treatment, keeping elements like heat exchangers and nozzles free of problem. Protection for UF membranes in order to enhance its performance and make them last ...


    By Sistema Azud, S.A.

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