point-of-use water treatment Articles

  • Point of use/point of entry treatment with LFNano

    EconoPure Water Systems EconoPure Water Systems designs and manufactures highly economical, scalable, low‐fouling membrane systems. The Company leverages the proprietary low‐fouling nanofiltration (“LFNano”) system consisting of a unique membrane element that is designed to avoid particulate fouling, biofouling and scaling. As the name suggests, the LFNano utilizes ...

  • How Seismic Use Group Classification affects your Water Storage Tank

    When purchasing a bolted steel tank or a welded steel water storage tank, one of the key criteria determining the design parameters of the tank is the Seismic Use Group (SUG) classification. The term Seismic Use Group is essentially the same as the terms Occupancy Category and Risk Category used by the International Building Code (IBC) and the ...


    By Superior Tank Co., Inc.

  • A solution to fracturing water supply and disposal issues

    “Water, water, everywhere, Nor any drop to drink.” –The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, Samuel Taylor Coleridge Many topics of conversation among oil and gas industry professionals are predictable – oil price trends, the “great shift change” imperiling the available workforce, and production quotas and caps from OPEC. Yet one pressing topic among those developing ...


    By Fairmount Santrol

  • Hom’: a simple point of use water treatment device

    This study sought to explore a locally assembled ‘Hom’ point of use water treatment device by assessing aspects of its performance and possible effects of using it on compliant households and communities. The conceptual framework highlights poverty and environmental degradation as causes and consequences of one another, with ill-health caused by water-borne diseases reinforcing both to form a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A Case for Point-of-Use RO Ultrapure Water Systems

    ULTRAPURE WATER CRITERIA - AN OVERVIEW 'Pure water' is a relative term. Practically speaking, no water, naturally occurring or treated by man, consists solely of H2O molecules. Forever in pursuit of achieving equilibrium with its surroundings, water has unique characteristics that result in its ability to dissolve most matter. This property of water to dissolve and transport materials is ...

  • A compact point-of-use water purification cartridge for household use in developing countries

    Simple, low-cost household interventions are known to be effective in lowering the incidence of waterborne diseases in developing countries. However, high costs along with operational and maintenance issues have prevented the successful adoption of these interventions among the affected communities. To address these limitations, a cost-effective, gravity-driven water purification cartridge has ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How Do You Choose the Best Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membrane System for an Industrial Facility?

    As global demands for clean water increase, more and more industrial facilities are looking toward membrane filtration solutions, such as reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF), to help manage intake, process, and waste water treatment. Using membrane filtration can help your facility reuse wastewater and virtually eliminate discharge fees, and depending on the industry or required use, it ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Household survey of installation and treatment efficiency of point-of-use water treatment systems in Hanoi, Vietnam

    Since urban water supply is not yet available for every inhabitant in Hanoi City, numerous residents look for alternative sources such as groundwater and rainwater to compensate the supply shortage. However, in parts of Hanoi, it was reported that groundwater is polluted by various contaminants including arsenic (As) and ammonia (NH4-N). Therefore, numerous types of point-of-use (POU) water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A critical evaluation of two point-of-use water treatment technologies: can they provide water that meets WHO drinking water guidelines?

    Point-of-use (POU) technologies have been proposed as solutions for meeting the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) for safe water. They reduce the risk of contamination between the water source and the home, by providing treatment at the household level. This study examined two POU technologies commonly used around the world: BioSand and ceramic filters. While the health benefits in terms of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Times are changing: Wastewater as a resource

    Times are definitely changing. It used to be that wastewater from whatever source – domestic, agricultural, industrial – was something to collect and pipe away as quickly and efficiently as possible. There was more water coming out of the ground or falling from the sky, so why bother investing time and money cleaning water that had already been used? Now, thanks to issues like ...

  • Xylem helps Italian spa go with the flow

    A case study on the termal Hotel Mamma Margherita, Abano Terme (Padova) For many people, a relaxing break in a secluded Italian spa is the ideal way to recharge. However, what many may not be aware of is the importance of a solid and reliable pumping system to keep activity above the surface running seamlessly. Hotel Mamma Margherita, situated in Padua, north-east Italy, ...


    By LOWARA - a Xylem brand

  • Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membrane Filtration Systems: Common Problems and How to Fix Them

    Reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) are membrane filtration technologies that are designed to remove solute ions and molecules from a pretreated liquid stream. Well-designed RO/NF units are compact and demand relatively little maintenance, making them an attractive alternative to conventional treatment trains. Even despite the merits of today’s efficient RO/NF technologies, it pays ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Kansas Facility Finds Fast, Reliable Fix to Cavitation Damage

    The Hutchinson (Kansas) Water Plant gets its water from 20 wells. The water is pumped out of the wells and into a reverse osmosis water treatment center to purify and ensure safe drinking water. At that point, a portion of the water is taken off from the main line, run through the reverse osmosis system and then mixed back ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Application of cryptocrystalline magnesite-bentonite clay hybrid for defluoridation of underground water resources: implication for point of use treatment

    A new synthesis method was established to fabricate a nanocomposite material comprising of cryptocrystalline magnesite and bentonite clay that has high adsorption capacity for ionic pollutants. To synthesize the composite at 1:1 weight (g): weight (g) ratio, a vibratory ball mill was used. Batch adsorption experiments were carried out to determine optimum conditions for fluoride adsorption. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Demonstration and evaluation of germicidal UV-LEDs for point-of-use water disinfection

    Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation is a common disinfection option for water treatment in the developed world. There are a few systems installed in developing countries for point-of-use treatment, but the low-pressure mercury lamps currently used as the UV irradiation source have a number of sustainability issues including a fragile envelope, a lifetime of approximately one year, and they contain ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Factors influencing nitrification in point-of-use BioSand filters

    The BioSand filter (BSF) is a point-of-use treatment technology used in developing countries to improve drinking water quality. Studies on the BSF to date have mainly focused on bacterial, protozoan and virus reduction and less on the filter's effect on chemical contaminants that may also affect human health. This study explored the potential for nitrification in field-scale trials of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Point-of-use chlorination of turbid water: results from a field study in Tanzania

    Household-based chlorine disinfection is widely effective against waterborne bacteria and viruses, and may be among the most inexpensive and accessible options for household water treatment. The microbiological effectiveness of chlorine is limited, however, by turbidity. In Tanzania, there are no guidelines on water chlorination at household level, and limited data on whether dosing guidelines ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Treatment

    Water treatment describes those processes used to make water more acceptable for a desired end-use. These can include use as drinking water, industrial processes, medical and many other uses. The goal of all water treatment process is to remove existing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Factors involved in sustained use of point-of-use water disinfection methods: a field study from Flores Island, Indonesia

    Many scientific studies have suggested that point-of-use water treatment can improve water quality and reduce the risk of infectious diseases. Despite the ease of use and relatively low cost of such methods, experience shows the potential benefits derived from provision of such systems depend on recipients' acceptance of the technology and its sustained use. To date, few contributions ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrification, denitrification and ammonification in point-of-use biosand filters in rural Cambodia

    In order to address the United Nations Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target #7 for water and sanitation, the World Health Organization (WHO) has identified point-of-use (POU) water treatment technologies as an option for providing safe water to households. The BioSand filter (BSF) is a commonly used POU system that has been implemented in Cambodia and over 20 countries worldwide. While the ...


    By IWA Publishing

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