policy research Articles

  • The business case: good occupational safety and health is good business

    Studies, research and numerous real-life examples show that good occupational safety and health (OSH) management practices, in addition to protecting workers’ health, can have significant benefits in terms of productivity and cost-effectiveness. Good OSH is also key to helping companies retain older workers. ...

  • Transport and the environment in Dutch research and policy-making

    This paper reviews five recently completed Dutch studies on transport and the environment that played a role in policy-making processes. All studies are scenario studies, most of them on forecasting and one of them a back-casting study. The studies give a good overview of the current state-of-the-art in research on transport and the environment at the national level. The paper also gives ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Transport, energy and environment in Italian research and policy-making

    This paper provides a brief description on the way environmental problems have been conceived in transport planning and transport development studies in Italy. The paper provides the intrinsic characteristics of the studies analysed (data, applied methodology, theoretical assumptions), and the metacharacteristics, in terms of scientific innovation and the contribution to real ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Towards use of grids in environmental research, management and policy

    The emerging technology of the grid will enable distributed "virtual organisations" to flexibly share resources including data, software, hardware and expertise. Potential applications in urban air quality illustrate that in addition to underpinning scientific research, grid technology can contribute strongly to environmental monitoring, decision-making and policy-making. Amongst factors that ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural biotechnology policies and research investments in Mexico

    This paper examines the agricultural biotechnology research situation in Mexico. In addition to providing insights into the institutional and policy evolution, it analyses a quantitative survey of biotechnology investments in the 14 most important national public and private research organisations from 1985 to 1997. During this time period, Mexico experienced a noteworthy biotechnology ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Transport and the environment in Swedish research and policy-making

    The aim of this paper is to provide a short survey of recent developments in the area of transport and the environment in Sweden. Four specific studies are compared in terms of their intrinsic and meta-characteristics. The studies represent different approaches in terms of projections and/or scenarios. Future traffic developments and the attainment of adopted environmental goals are given special ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Convergence between public research policies and industrial strategies

    The present trend is for public research organisations to orient their programs towards industrial ends; industries are incorporating more knowledge in their innovation strategies; public policies incite a closing of the gap between the research institutions and the companies. These three observations contribute to the idea of convergence between public research policies and industrial ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Transport and the environment in Finnish research and policy-making

    The objectives on reducing overall emissions are a special challenge for Finland, because its energy consumption per GNP is higher than in the majority of industrialised countries. In the 1990s, Finnish infrastructure decisions were subject to major disputes and a related major action programme, LYYLI, was launched. The reports in the field of transport and environment in Finland can be ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Are developing-country policies and investments promoting research and research partnerships in agricultural biotechnology?

    This article presents findings from two studies of public-sector research on agricultural biotechnology. The first focuses on national agricultural research organisations and universities in developing countries, while the second focuses on public?private research collaborations with international agricultural research centres. Findings suggest that a number of developing countries are, in fact, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • EU climate policy: research support for Kyoto and beyond. Policy/research interface workshops series

    This paper contains a synthesis report of four research/policy interface workshops organised by the European Commission. The workshops were designed to provide direct and timely support for the development of the European Commission's approach to the Kyoto Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in December 1997, and to its follow-up. The workshops ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Creative connectivity between research and policy-making to support implementation of urban sustainability

    It has been widely acknowledged that urban areas play a vital role in creating a Europe that is both sustainable and competitive, providing high environmental and social quality while at the same time being a pioneer region for economic and scientific innovation and creativity. Local governments therefore need to have access to latest technology and techniques developed through research, and in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life cycle assessment in market, research, and policy: Harmonization beyond standardization

    This article introduces the special series “LCA in Market Research and Policy: Harmonization beyond standardization,” which was generated from the 19th SETAC Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Case Study Symposium held November 2013, in Rome, Italy. This collection of invited articles reflects the purpose of symposium and focuses on how LCA can support the decision‐making process at all levels (i.e., ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Managing water-related energy in future cities – a research and policy roadmap

    Water-related energy accounts for around one-quarter of California's energy use. Most of the influence is within cities. This project aimed to identify research and policy needs associated with managing energy related to urban water. A workshop was convened with diverse representation from water and energy sectors in federal (US), state (California) and municipal governments, research and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mentorship, knowledge transmission and female professionals in Canadian water research and policy

    We face multiple water challenges: droughts, floods, crumbling infrastructure and disappearing natural hydrosystems. Technological interventions will help but these challenges also require social solutions and good governance. Identifying and implementing both technical and social solutions demands a resilient water research and policy community (WRPC). The WRPC must include diverse perspectives ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Policy options when drafting tax incentives on Research and Development

    In this paper, the author pays attention to the policy options that EU member states should take into account when drafting the tax incentives that are aimed at R&D activities. Further, the paper deals with tax credits or allowances and special R&D company regimes. First, the author pays attention to the target groups of the incentives. Second, the definition of R&D will be discussed. Third, the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Research at JRC in support of EU Climate Change policy making

    In recent years the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission has focussed its resources to respond to the Scientific and Technical (S/T) challenges arising from the multi-faceted aspects of EU policy. It has done so by organising its activities around the main policy areas and by establishing synergies with other sources of S/T support available in the Member States and by collaborating ...


  • Evaluation of research and innovation policies: a discussion of trends with examples from Germany

    Recent changes in the field of evaluation refer to new demands by politics, economies and society to extend the subject of evaluation processes to cross-sectoral research promotion programmes and research institutions, and new developments within the research of evaluation itself. The paper presents an overview of these trends and consequences for the function and methods of evaluation of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Using research-based knowledge to underpin waste and resources policy

    The concept of a knowledge-based approach to policy making (also referred to as ‘evidence-based policy making’ or ‘science meets policy’) has been around for 10 years, and is widely ‘signed up to’ by Governments. This paper examines the theory and the practice at national government (using the UK as a case study) and European levels, looking at how the knowledge- based approach has been applied ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • The effectiveness of biotechnology policies in Europe

    The present study investigates what policy mixes are the most effective in fostering biotechnology innovations. An input-output approach has been used with a mix of biotechnology policy instruments at the input side and biotechnology performance in science and commercialisation at the output side. Policy mixes that include both generic and biotech-specific policy instruments which support both ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Can European Policies Be Dismantled?

    A recent Pew Research Center poll found that 42 per cent of Europeans were keen for some ‘powers’ to be returned to the national level, with only 19 per cent favouring further centralisation at EU level. The idea of ‘less Europe’ is not new: calls for it date back to the great subsidiarity debate of the 1990s ...


    By University of Edinburgh

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