pollutant dispersion modelling Articles

  • On the dispersion models and atmospheric dispersion

    As an air pollutant is transported, the pollutant disperses into the surrounding air so that it arrives at a lower concentration than it was on leaving the source. Strict environmental regulations worldwide resulted in a growing concern about the validity of air quality dispersion models. The present work is a try to evaluate the applicability of some dispersion models on the emission from an ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Numerical model of urban aerodynamics and pollution dispersion

    For analysis of atmospheric processes in the urban environment, the microscale meteorological and dispersion model M2UE is suggested, which takes into account a complex character of aerodynamics in non-uniform urban relief. The three-dimensional version of the model includes a system of Reynolds equations, two-equation k-ε model of turbulence and the 'advection-diffusion' equation to simulate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling of atmospheric pollutant dispersion in coastal areas

    Some characteristics of air pollution in Tarragona (Spain) were investigated. Tarragona has an important petrochemical industry in a coastal region with a complex terrain. The study was made numerically in sea breeze conditions with a three-dimensional mesoscale meteorological model. The temporal and spatial variations of the wind fields have been used in the Lagrangian equation for a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling the transport and dispersion of pollutants in street canyons

    The transport and dispersion of pollutants in a street canyon, and the intersection between two streets, have been studied using wind-tunnel experiments and numerical simulations. The study of the street canyon demonstrates the importance of the geometry of the canyon (aspect ratio, asymmetry) in determining both the topology of the flow and the concentration distribution; the flow is also very ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A fast model for pollutant dispersion at the neighbourhood scale

    This paper is devoted to the development and evaluation of a fast three–dimensional Eulerian model for dispersion inside and above the urban canopy layer. Spatially averaged wind and diffusivity coefficient profiles obtained from the commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) code FLUENT are used as input in the developed model. This model is numerically solved by means of a finite volume ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An urban scale model for pollutant dispersion in Rome

    A Gaussian model software (Atmospheric Dispersion Model System?ADMS-Urban) is used to forecast the carbon monoxide concentrations in the Urban Boundary Layer (UBL) of the city of Rome, Italy. The simulations refer to 14 days during 2002. Two data set inputs were considered in order to evaluate the urban background concentration and the effects of the main roads surrounding the monitoring ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Dispersion models in Greece

    Various dispersion models for passive pollutants, as well as heavy gases, are used in Greece for environmental impact applications. The models are based on degree of complexity, and range from simple Gaussian or box models to CFD approaches. The models are used for environmental impact studies in power installations, chemical facilities and for nuclear emergencies. Reflecting the author's ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Development of an integrated system for air pollutant dispersion modelling

    A complex expert system for air pollutant dispersion modeling (ScalEx) is currently being developed at Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy in Belgrade. The project goal is to develop a powerful software system as an engineering toolbox for modelling air pollutant dispersion under various conditions and terrain configurations. ScalEx is planned to be an integrated software system of the new ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A fluctuating plume model for pollutants dispersion with chemical reactions

    A fluctuating plume model for pollutant dispersion is developed. The model is able to include chemical reactions, accounting for segregation. The model is tested against measured data in wind tunnel experiment, where NO is emitted from a source in an environment of ozone. The results are presented in terms of the plume centre line dispersion and cross sections at different distances. It is shown ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An operational dispersion model for predicting pollution from a road

    We present here a mathematical model for predicting dispersion of pollution from a road, for use in a regulatory context. The model includes an emission model, treatment of the meteorological time series, a dispersion model, statistical analysis of the computed time series of concentrations and a graphical Windows-based user interface. The dispersion model is based on a partly analytic solution ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparison between analytical models to simulate pollutant dispersion in the atmosphere

    We present a numerical and statistical comparison between ADMM and GILTT approaches to simulate pollutant dispersion in the Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL). The numerical and statistical comparison of the ADMM and GILTT results confirms the equivalence of these methods. However, the ADMM approach is more efficient under computational point of view regarding the issue of computational time and, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Netherlands National Model for short-range dispersion of air pollutants

    The tool for dispersion calculations in The Netherlands originated from a consensus process among experts from licensing authorities, industry and science. This paper describes its characteristics and applications in the light of its history and future.Keywords: air pollution, consensus, atmospheric dispersion model, frequency distribution, Netherlands National Model, short range dispersion, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of urban pollution abatement strategies by a photochemical dispersion model

    High ozone levels are regularly reached during the summer period in Italian urban areas, indicating the need for a careful design of primary pollutants emission reduction strategies. In this perspective, the CALGRID-CALMET modelling system has been applied to the Milano metropolitan area and its suburbs, a very industrialised and populated region in the Po Valley. A simulation domain of 100 x 100 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A project "Transformation of air-pollution, modelling its transport and dispersion"

    Information about a new project is given in this contribution. The project is financed by the Czech Ministry of Environment and deals with the problem of summer photochemical smog formation. Field campaigns and utilisation of existing monitoring network data are supposed for analysing both biogenic emissions and emissions due to human activity. An important part of this project consists in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Regulatory dispersion modelling in Finland

    We present a review of regulatory atmospheric dispersion models and their application to environmental impact assessment (EIA) in Finland. The following regulatory models are available: the urban dispersion modeling system, models for dispersion of vehicular pollution, the air pollution information system, and the dispersion model for odorous compounds. All of these models are connected to a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coupling of neural network and dispersion models: a novel methodology for air pollution models

    Supervised neural net models and dispersion models are two important approaches for evaluating air pollution concentrations. The authors propose the development of an integrated model, in order to optimise the performances of each methodology. The concentrations evaluated by an air pollution model are coupled with a Neural Net (NN), so as to adjust the influence of important variables on ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Regulatory dispersion modelling in Denmark

    In Denmark, the basic model for environmental impact assessments is the so-called OML model. The OML model is a Gaussian model, but in contrast to conventional regulatory models its physical description is not based on the traditional discrete stability categories. Instead, the model uses basic scaling parameters such as friction velocity, the Monin-Obukhov length, and the convective velocity ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Revision of the Netherlands National Model for short range dispersion of air pollutants

    The Dutch National Model was revised during 1995 and 1996 in a task group consisting of representatives of the relevant institutes and universities in the Netherlands. The advanced model 'STACKS' was chosen as the model of departure. From an evaluation some modifications were agreed, in particular for the surface layer and the treatment of directional wind shear in the model. The resulting ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A puff-particle dispersion model

    A meso-scale puff diffusion model is presented which makes use of the concept of relative diffusion to disperse the puffs and moves their centres of mass by incorporating a Lagrangian stochastic dispersion model as it is normally used to describe particle dispersion. The so-called puff-particle model (PPM) retains the advantages of traditional puff models and at the same time is able to take into ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Canarina DESCAR software · water pollution dispersion model · algorithms 1

    8. Mathematical algorithms The application uses two different mathematical models: Buoyant jet model or Stratified model. The Buoyant model is ideal for pollutant discharges located in the proximities of the coast and in rivers, (using little depth). This model is based on a time-independent Gaussian equation which simulates the pollutant dispersion in the water. The Stratified ...

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