pollution regulation Articles

  • Implementing QALYs in the Analysis of Air Pollution Regulations

    In recent years, there has been growing interest in cost-effectiveness analysis for environmental regulations using quality-adjusted life years as the measure of effectiveness. This paper explores the implications of the QALY approach for measuring the impacts of air pollution regulations, with an example using the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Heavy Duty Engine/Diesel Fuel regulations. ...


    By Springer-Verlag GmbH

  • Seveso: from pollution to regulation

    The first part of the paper analyses the Seveso accident, which occurred in 1976 in northern Italy. It focuses mainly on sociological and organisational aspects, pointing to the lack of preparation and the improvisation in response from the company and the public authorities. Despite such inadequacies and despite all suffering, community recovery was finally accomplished. Yet, to some extent, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Empirical Analysis of National Income and SO2 Emissions in Selected European Countries

    The linkage between per capita GDP and sulfur emissions for 12 Western European countries was analyzed over a period of more than 150 years. The analysis also looked at the impact of air pollution regulations on the shape of the income–pollution relationship. At both the aggregate and country levels, we find an inverted U-shaped relationship and the estimated turning points of most countries are ...


    By Springer-Verlag GmbH

  • Public policies for contaminated site cleanup: evidence from a survey of the Italian public

    Cleaning up contaminated sites is currently considered one of the most important environmental policy priorities in many countries. Remediation of contaminated sites is attractive because it reduces risks to human health and ecological systems, and brings a host of potential social and economic benefits. Public programmes are deemed necessary by the law and in practice to address contamination at ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Update and revision of Turkish air quality regulation

    The Air Quality Assurance Regulation (AQAR) was issued on October 1986. This regulation was basically a direct translation of the German TA-Luft of 1984. The main purpose of AQAR was to control the effect of industry, domestic heating and Traffic on ambient air quality which previously had not adequately been represented. Two new regulations, "Industry Related Air Pollution Control Regulation" ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparative evaluation of collectors for metal removal by precipitation/flotation

    This paper describes a comparative evaluation of collectors for metal removal by precipitation/flotation in samples of wastewaters from an electroplating industry. Precipitation/flotation was found to be successful over a great range of pH (3-12). The toxic metal ions lead (II), nickel (II), tin (II), iron (II) and aluminium (III) were stripped from contaminated industrial samples to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air pollution regulations drive deployment of flexible abatement solutions - Case Study

    To address the growing complexity of air pollution regulations, which have to address a multi-tiered array of local authority, national and international requirements, AirProtekt of Cambridge is offering a total package air pollution service that embraces process assessment, project design, supply of the air pollution equipment, installation and commissioning. Modern Air pollution regulations ...


    By AirProtekt Limited

  • The US experience with controlling motor vehicle pollution: lessons for China

    This paper reviews policies for the control of mobile source pollution and their potential application in China. The first section reviews the US experience with mobile source pollution control since regulations were first established in the Clean Air Act of 1970. Highlights in the policy and trends in vehicle emissions from 1970 to 2000 are discussed. The second section discusses the range of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Application of dispersion models in the environmental assessment process in the United Kingdom

    The UK planning process has traditionally been separated from the licensing process as far as industry is concerned. Implementation of the Environmental Assessment Directive (85/337/EEC) has therefore been the responsibility of planners, not pollution regulators. This is one of the reasons why there are no formalised procedures for using dispersion models in the environmental assessment ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Asymmetric Regulation of Identical Polluters in Oligopoly Models

    Studies of optimal second-best environmental regulation of identical polluting agents have invariably ignored potentially welfare-improving asymmetric regulation by imposing equal regulatory treatment of identical firms at the outset. Yet, cost asymmetry between oligopoly firms may well give rise to private as well as social gains. A trade-off is demonstrated for the regulator, between private ...


    By Springer-Verlag GmbH

  • Two Landmark Interpretations of the Clean Air Act

    The most recent U.S. Supreme Court term is notable for two landmark interpretations of the Clean Air Act (CAA). In Massachusetts vs. EPA (U.S., No. 05-1120, 4/2/07), the court held that greenhouse gases (GHGs) are air pollutants subject to regulation under the CAA, overruling an interpretation by the Bush administration. In Environmental Defense vs. Duke Energy Corp. (U.S., No. 05-848, 4/2/07), ...

  • Rethinking the California Air Resources Board`s ozone standards

    The California Air Resources Board (CARB), California’s state air-pollution regulatory agency, recently adopted the most stringent ozone air-pollution standard in the United States. Attempting to attain the new standard will impose great hardship on Californians in exchange for small and imperceptible health benefits.By CARB’s own estimates, the incremental benefits of attaining its new ...


    By Blue Sky Consulting Group

  • Atmospheric dispersion modelling for regulatory purposes in the United Kingdom

    Short-range atmospheric dispersion models are used to assess the environmental impact of airborne pollutants from industrial plants. The results are of interest to a range of specialist and non-specialist groups, including regulators, operators, environmental organisations, and local residents. In order that these groups can be well-informed, it is important to develop clear and consistent ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Canarina CUSTIC software · background noise · ambient noise pollution · commands 13

    Bitmaps and scanned maps must be loaded into memory and then adapted to the program scale (we will make use of the Scale command). The X-Axis width (meters) in the program window can be easily changed to be able to compare both images (simulation results and background maps). Then, the X-Axis width (in meters) of the imported map and the X-Axis width (in meters) of the program window match ...

  • High NOx Emissions from Diesel Cars

    It is time to sell your diesel car. In a few years you will not be able to use it in a city. The real drive emissions measurements from passenger cars are giving astonishing results. A new diesel car has 10 times higher NOx emissions compared to a petrol car. Even worse, the NOx emitted from the diesel car is up to 50% emitted as NO2. The NOx emitted from a petrol car is only a few % emitted ...


    By Opsis AB

  • Environmental quality control: a queueing game

    This paper considers a pollution economics and control problem which uses a queuing framework. This approach is shown to establish a link between a firms economic activity and its linkages to externalities such as pollution, environmental control (as would be considered by an environmental agency) and a number of variables commonly encountered in such problems. A number of environmental issues ...


    By Springer-Verlag GmbH

  • Japan’s new era of chemical management - coming up this April

    2010 and 2011 will be challenging years for companies manufacturing, importing or handling chemical substances in Japan. Major amendments 20 May 2009 to the “Act on the Evaluation of Chemical Substances and Regulation of Their Manufacture, etc” (or Chemical Substances Control Law), sometimes referred to as Japanese REACH, will soon come into effect in two phases: 1 April 2010 and 1 April 2011. ...

  • Letter to the Editor: Botnia Fray Bentos and the environment of Uruguay River basin. The reports of EcoMetrix-World Bank

    The pollution load caused by Botnia Fray Bentos S.A., a Mega Kraft Mills with ECF bleaching, is analysed on the basis of two reports of EcoMetrix at the request of the International Finance Corporation, World Bank. The first report evaluates the first six months of mill operations, from November 2007 to April 2008. The second report covers the 12 months of 2008. Regardless of the opinions ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The impact of structural change of economy and industry on environment

    The focus of the increasing pressure to improve environmental policies has moved from Member States to the European Community level. Economic and environmental strategy have become intertwined, and Community solutions are necessary to avoid imbalances in trade and competitiveness. Restrictive legislation, though essential, has sometimes led to misunderstanding, and has suffered from slow and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The game analysis of negative externality of environmental logistics and governmental regulation

    This paper mainly discusses the negative externality problems involved in environmental logistics and the necessity of government regulation, and the government's role in resolving negative externality. In the process of greenisation, as the allotment of interests after the internalisation of exterior cost is concerned, there have been a series of games among subjects of logistics systems, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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