pollution research Articles

  • Micro Pulse LiDAR: A Critical Tool for Emissions Source Detection

    Micro Pulse LiDAR remote sensing data are used to calculate a highly accurate Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL) height to improve plume models that help assess emissions sources. ...

  • Multiple Instruments Work Together for a Better View of Air Quality

    Accurately identifying and quantifying particulate matter (PM) in the atmosphere is key to determining air quality. Researchers are particularly interested in PM that have a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometers because they are believed to contribute to heart and lung disease in humans and animals. These tiny particles are invisible to the naked eye and originate from power plants, fires, and ...

  • Environmental management: An agenda for action

    A business agenda for sustainable development is described, where the main thrust is to be the manufacture of durable and recyclable goods by processes which minimize the production of waste and polluting emissions. This is to be achieved through education, research and innovation with a more open dialogue between producers and society.Keywords: recycling technology, sustainable development, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Application of meteorological pre-processor for next generation dispersion models for Hungary

    Research has been started by Hungarian regulatory modellers for the preparation of next generation dispersion models applied in EIA studies. This new generation will require advanced planetary boundary layer parameters in Gaussian plume models. The author investigated the validation of the meteorological pre-processor TRIP for Hungary.Keywords: meteorological pre-, processors, atmospheric ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Recent Improvements in Air Flow Calibration Reference Instruments

    A key element in radiation protection programs at commercial nuclear power plants, nuclear research facilities, fuel fabrication plants and regulatory agency oversight programs of licensees is management's ability to validate the accuracy of the many air sampling instruments utilized in the facility's radiation protection air monitoring programs. The volume of air sampled in each sample ...


    By F&J SPECIALTY PRODUCTS, INC.

  • Report on COST 615 Action "Database, monitoring and modelling of urban air pollution"

    COST is a framework for scientific and technical cooperation, allowing the coordination of national research on a European level. It focuses on specific subjects for which there is particular interest in the COST countries. Action 615 concentrated on the physical, chemical and ecological aspects of urban air pollution. It combined activities from 18 European countries. This paper gives an ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Measurement of TOC in High-Salt Sample

    The quantity of organic matter in seawater is important in the research and monitoring of marine pollution as an indicator of organic pollution. The salt content in seawater is typically about 3.5 %, but using the Shimadzu total organic carbon analyzer, it is possible to measure the TOC directly without dilution or other pretreatment procedures. Here, we introduce an example of measurement of ...

  • An overview of environmental pollution prevention and management in China

    This paper provides a broad overview of pollution prevention and management in China and details the specific measures that have been adopted at a national level. The paper begins by exploring some of the key environmental issues faced by China, and the history of environmental management in China. Then the current environmental legislation and standards in China are detailed, and the strategic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Lead Monitoring

    New lead standards are going to require new sampling methods. Fortunately, the latest samplers are making those requirements easier to cope with. Careful planning and research will produce valid, defensible results, while improvements in monitoring technology have increased the effectiveness and accuracy of modern high volume samplers. Today's samplers can save time and money, providing useful ...


    By American Ecotech LLC

  • Regulatory dispersion modelling in Finland

    We present a review of regulatory atmospheric dispersion models and their application to environmental impact assessment (EIA) in Finland. The following regulatory models are available: the urban dispersion modeling system, models for dispersion of vehicular pollution, the air pollution information system, and the dispersion model for odorous compounds. All of these models are connected to a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • River water pollution in Indonesia: an input-output analysis

    Data from global environmental monitoring activities have shown alarming environmental conditions in many developing countries. Environmental policies that could improve the environment significantly, while at the same time maintaining the growth of economic activities are needed. Using an input-output analysis, this paper researches such policies with a view to applying them to Indonesia's river ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The model validation exercise at Mol: overview of results

    Prior to this workshop, a Model Validation Kit was distributed to a number of research groups. The Kit is a collection of three experimental datasets accompanied by software for model evaluation. Five groups returned their results to the author before the workshop. Here, an overview of their results is given. Model evaluation procedures are discussed, and a number of pitfalls involved in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How to turn human waste into disease-free fertiliser

    Poor sanitation can contaminate drinking water, especially in rural areas. Unless properly dealt with, faeces and other human waste can pollute the soil and eventually wells, causing diseases such as diarrhoea. The EcoSanitation method provides a safe way to dispose of human waste. Today, a research project in Tanzania examines the potential of combining this system with a composting technique ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Clearing the Air: Reducing Diesel Pollution in West Oakland

    Diesel exhaust — the black smoke coming out of buses, trucks, trains, and ships — is the number one toxic air pollutant in California.1 Chemicals in diesel pollution can cause cancer, harm the reproductive system and aggravate or cause asthma. New research shows that West Oakland, California, a neighborhood surrounded by freeways and bordered by the Port of Oakland, suffers from far more than its ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • Research on applying a water-lifting aerator to inhibit the growth of algae in a source-water reservoir

    A new hydraulic, water-lifting aerator was developed for ameliorating water quality. It aims at mixing lower and upper water bodies, controlling algae growth, increasing dissolved oxygen concentration in water and inhibiting the release of pollutants from sediments. This new device was applied to control the algae growth in surface water of the water source of Tianjin. It was found that the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case study - SEAWATCH Europe

    SEAWATCH Europe was a five-year SEAWATCH R&D programme for operational marine monitoring. It represented the core of SEAWATCH from which most of the SEAWATCH development was initiated. Several partners contributed to SEAWATCH Europe. Statoil, Norsk Hydro, Conoco, Norske Shell, OCN NETHERLANDS, OCEANOR and various insurance companies represented the private sector. Public sector sponsors were ...


    By Fugro OCEANOR AS

  • Investigation into the long-term stormwater pollution removal efficiency of bioretention systems

    In recent years, there has been a steady increase in the number of bioretention systems installed worldwide. However, there has only been limited research on the long-term effectiveness of these sustainable urban drainage system devices. This paper presents the results of a series of controlled field experiments investigating the pollutant removal efficiency of three, 10-year-old, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development and application of some renovated technologies for municipal wastewater treatment in China

    China has been experiencing fast economic development in recent decades at the cost of serious environmental deterioration. Wastewater discharge, especially municipal wastewater discharge, and non-point pollution sources are becoming the major water pollution source and research focus. Great efforts have been made on water pollution control and a number of renovated technologies and processes for ...


    By Springer

  • A Win for River Restoration

    A team of scientists from eWater CRC based in Canberra and at Griffith University in Queensland has won the WaterSecure - Healthy Waterways Research Award for its work on Prioritisation of Catchment Scale River Restoration within Southeast Queensland (SEQ).   The work is part of a Queensland Government funded ‘proof of concept’ initiative designed to demonstrate that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Equipment CO2 emission in surface coal mining

    The continuous global increases in energy demand and the environmental impact of carbon dioxide (CO2) emission, represent a substantial challenge for the mining industry. This paper presents the results of research work related to determination of surface mining equipment CO2 emission, which is part of a broader industrial project on analysis and control of energy consumption. The project was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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