pore water analysis Articles

  • Why evaluate hydraulic fluid compatibility?

    When introducing a new control fluid to hydraulic systems, it is important to ensure that the new liquid or mixture is of equal or superior quality to the previous fluid. If the new mixture is incompatible, precipitate may form and result in an overall inferior fluid. This can speed up clogging or damage the system. When a manufacturer of construction machinery releases a new line of bulldozers ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • Effect‐directed analysis of Elizabeth river pore water: Developmental toxicity in zebrafish (Danio rerio)

    In the present study, we used effect‐directed analysis (EDA) to identify teratogenic compounds in pore water collected from a Superfund site along the Elizabeth River (ER) estuary (Virginia, USA). Zebrafish (Danio rerio) exposed to the pore water show acute developmental toxicity and cardiac teratogenesis, presumably due to elevated sediment levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Eigendecomposition of TDR waveforms: a novel method to determine water content and pore fluid concentration of sandy soils

    In this study, an incident pulse signal of several harmonics (i.e., multiples of the fundamental frequency) was used as a source in the time domain reflectometry (TDR) probing technique. Reflected signals were captured by an oscilloscope and their characteristics were determined via eigendecomposition. Autoregressive modeling and singular value decomposition were used to calculate the eigenvalues ...


    By Springer

  • Application of diffusive gradients in thin films and core centrifugation methods to determine inorganic mercury and monomethylmercury profiles in sediment pore water

    A diffusive gradient in thin films (DGT) is an in situ sampling technique for the quantitative analysis of contaminant concentrations that is based on the diffusion and adsorption of contaminants onto resin gels. In the current study, a DGT technique was applied to measure total mercury (Hg) and monomethylmercury (MMHg) concentrations in lake and coastal sediment pore waters and to compare ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • A study of absolute permeability dependence on pore-scale characteristics of carbonate reservoirs using artificial intelligence

    An artificial neural network (ANN) was designed and tested in the present study to examine the correlation between permeability estimations and porous medium properties, such as porosity, specific surface area, and irreducible water saturation. The network developed in this work uses soft computing techniques to investigate the absolute permeability dependence on pore-scale characteristics of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mercury Analysis

    Characteristics of Mercury What is Mercury? Mercury is a naturally occurring silver-colored metallic element noted for its occurrence as a liquid at room temperature and toxic to living organisms. This silvery, opaque liquid metal is very dense, yet has a high surface tension that causes it to form tiny perfect spheres in the pores of the rocks it is found in. It is ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Microscopic Particulate Analysis

    Introduction In 1989 the EPA promulgated the Surface Water Treatment Rule (SWTR) in response to the 1986 Amendments to the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA). The overall goal of the SWTR is to protect consumers from pathogens. The SWTR recommends a multiple-barrier approach including source water protection, filtration and disinfection when surface water is used as source water for drinking. ...


    By Analytical Services, Inc

  • 3D Levee intersection analysis

    Levee analysis is becoming an increasingly important topic as the infrastructure ages. Many sections are in need of re-engineering improvements as consideration is given to their replacement. Concepts utilized in their original design are being re-examined. Many of these structures were designed 20 to 50 years ago, and the tools utilized in such analysis have changed significantly. Our ...


  • Evaluation of Sampling and Field-Filtration Methods for the Analysis of Trace Metals in Ground Water

    Selected ground water sampling and field-filtration methods were evaluated to determine their effects on field parameters and trace metal concentrations in samples collected under several types of field conditions. The study focused on conditions where traditional approaches may produce turbid samples, which often leads to filtration of suspended particles from the sample before laboratory ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Characterisation of water–oil drainage process through a reservoir rock sample by digital core analysis

    Oil–water relative permeability and capillary pressure of a water–wet digital core are computed using the finite–volume/volume of fluid method and mimicking traditional laboratory steady–state experiments carried out on a water saturated sample. Commercial software is used for immiscible multiphase fluid flow simulations, carried out on a low–cost multicore workstation, and the pore–scale data ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analysis and assessment of confined and phreatic water quality using a rough set theory method in Jilin City, China

    In groundwater quality assessments it is easier and more effective to reduce the number of parameters included in water quality indices. A total of 20 quaternary loose rock pore water and tertiary clastic rock cranny pore water data sets were used for Jilin City, China, as basic data, and 10 water quality parameters were selected for reduction using rough set theory and a statistical analysis of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sensitivity analysis on parameters and processes affecting vapor intrusion risk

    A one‐dimensional numerical model was developed and used to identify the key processes controlling vapor intrusion risks by means of a sensitivity analysis. The model simulates the fate of a dissolved volatile organic compound present below the ventilated crawl space of a house. In contrast to the vast majority of previous studies, this model accounts for vertical variation of soil water ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Performance and quality analysis of membrane cartridges used in long-term operation

    In this study, operation and maintenance performance in two long-term operating Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) wastewater treatment facilities were investigated. One facility in Japan started its operation in 1999 showed that both effluent BOD and n-hexane extracts were less than 5 mg/L, and a cumulative replacement percentage (CR%) of membrane cartridges was 7.8% as of 2008. Another facility in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Foulants analyses for NF membranes with different feed waters

    Two different NF membranes were operated to remove natural organic matter (NOM) originating from Dongbok Lake in Korea. Coagulation/sedimentation and sand filtration treated waters as membrane feed waters were used. Tested NF membranes such as RF (Saehan, Korea) and NF90 (Filmtec, USA) membranes were exhibited slightly different pore size distribution, hydrophobicity and surface charge in terms ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Water and vapor movement with condensation and evaporation in a sandy column

    The diffusion of warm, humid air into an initially cold, dry, sandy column was analyzed to study the movement of water vapor and liquid water under nonisothermal and low water content conditions. The analysis was performed using the HYDRUS-1D code. While the water retention curve of sand was measured experimentally, the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity function was inversely estimated from the ...

  • Extension of the River Water Quality Model No. 1 with the fate of pesticides

    The existing River Water Quality Model No. 1 (RWQM1) was extended with processes determining the fate of non-volatile pesticides in the water phase and sediments. The exchange of pesticides between the water column and the sediment is described by three transport processes: diffusion, sedimentation and resuspension. Burial of sediments is also included. The modified model was used to simulate the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cryptosporidium genotypes and subtypes distribution in river water in Iran

    Little is known about the diversity and public health significance of Cryptosporidium species in river waters in Iran. In the present study, we determined the genotype and subtype distribution of Cryptosporidium spp. in river water samples in Iran. A total of 49 surface water samples were collected from rivers and surface water in Guilan and Tehran provinces during ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pedotransfer functions to determine water conducting macroporosity in South African soils

    Macropores play an important role in the rapid transport of water, solutes and pollutants through the soil. Transport through these pores (>0.5 mm) is dominated by gravitational forces (i.e. matrix forces have low impact) resulting in flow rates orders of magnitude higher than rates that would be predicted, posing problems for modelling and understanding water and solute transport through soils. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Jet Floor Cleaning and Effluent Recycling System: SCS Specialised Services

    SCS Specialised Services Pty Ltd has developed a method of cleaning industrial concrete floors which recycles the wash water (the Recovery Jet system). On average, this has resulted in an 85 per cent reduction in the quantity of effluent generated. Background SCS Specialised Services Pty Ltd is a small floor cleaning and protective coatings business, specialising in cleaning ...


  • Chemical and microstructural analyses for heavy metals removal from water media by ceramic membrane filtration

    This study aims to investigate the ability of low cost ceramic membrane filtration in removing three common heavy metals namely; Pb2+, Cu2+, and Cd2+ from water media. The work includes manufacturing ceramic membranes with dimensions of 15 by 15 cm and 2 cm thickness. The membranes were made from low cost materials of local clay mixed with different sawdust percentages of ...


    By IWA Publishing

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you