porous ceramic media Articles

  • Nitrification/denitrification in swine wastewater using porous ceramic sticks with plastic rings as supporting media in two-stage fixed-biofilm reactors

    This study evaluated the performance of oxic-anoxic fixed-biofilm reactors (FBRs) using porous ceramic sticks with plastic rings as supporting media for nitrogen and organic carbon (as COD) removal from swine wastewater. Experimental results indicate that the removal efficiency of NH4+-N increased to 86–92% from 52–98% as the volumetric ammonium-nitrogen loading rate increased to 0.25 kg ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Calculation of ceramic pot filter hydraulic conductivity using falling-head data

    Flowrate is used as a predictor of ceramic pot filter (CPF) disinfection effectiveness, and the relationship between flowrate and porosity has been examined in several studies. However, hydraulic conductivity, not porosity, is the constant of proportionality that describes flow through porous media. Equations have been developed to estimate the hydraulic conductivity of CPF side walls and bottom ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Filtration by Means of Ceramic Membranes - Practical Examples from the Chemical and Food Industries

    Traditionally, ceramic membranes have been used in waste water engineering. Meanwhile, they are applied in all areas where media need to be filtered, such as in recycling processes in the chemical industry, for cell separation in biotechnology or for fruit-juice filtration in the food industry. 1 Introduction Ceramic membranes based on aluminum oxide are an operationally reliable ...


    By atech innovations gmbh

  • Regeneration of used oil

    Used oil regeneration technologies Over time, oil accumulates oxidation products, contaminants and impurities which drastically reduce its quality. Contaminated oil can no longer meet quality requirements and must be changed. Waste oil is collected and regenerated to retain valuable basic materials. Oil cannot be recycled at petroleum processing plants with ...


    By PC GlobeCore

  • Biofilter Applications in the Coatings Industry.

    Soaring energy costs and the high cost of ‘end-of-pipe’ pollution control equipment has caused companies and regulatory agencies to re-evaluate ‘unconventional’ means of achieving VOC and HAP emissions control. The coatings industry is an excellent candidate for alternative, unconventional controls, as VOC and HAP reductions have not been as strident as has been the case in many other industries. ...


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