potable water clarification Articles

  • Coagulation and flocculation in water and wastewater treatment

    Coagulation and flocculation are an essential part of drinking water treatment as well as wastewater treatment.  This article provides an overview of the processes and looks at the latest thinking.  Material for this article was largely taken from reference (1). Coagulation and flocculation are essential processes in various disciplines. In potable water treatment, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of chitosan as a natural coagulant for drinking water treatment

    Chitosan, a natural biopolymer, was evaluated for its ability to be used as a coagulant to treat water for potable use both in isolation and in combination with other water treatment technologies, specifically ion-exchange and activated carbon. Chitosan was found to be very effective for particle removal at doses far below those required for equivalent turbidity removal by inorganic coagulants. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Rold Model Water Recycling Program

    ABSTRACTThe Viejas Band of Kumeyaay Indians, a federally recognized tribe, vested with authority by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), form the Tribal Government to regulate all activities concerning water quality issues within the reservation boundaries. The Reservation has 400 non-transient residents and an average of 5,000 transient residents. The transient population visits the ...

  • Evaluation of an emerging water treatment technology: ceramic membranes

    Historically, low-pressure membranes (microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF)) used in potable water treatment are made of polymers (polysulfone (PS), polypropylene (PP), polyethersulfone (PES), polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) etc). Recently, membranes made of ceramic materials (aluminium oxide) have been developed by MetaWater (Japan), Kubota (Japan) and others and is being marketed in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flotation in water and wastewater treatment and reuse: recent trends in Brazil

    This paper summarises environmental applications of conventional and unconventional flotation to remove pollutants from waters. Emphasis is given to the design features of innovative inline reactors, namely the Flocs Generator Reactor and Flocculation-Flotation, and their applications for the flocculation and flotation in solid-liquid separations involving water (and wastewater) treatment and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fresh Ideas for Fresh Water: Okeechobee Utility Authority`s Surface Water Treatment PLant Uses Innovative Technology to Achieve High Quality Drinking Water from Lake Okeechobee

    ABSTRACTThe goal of this project was to expand Okeechobee Utility Authority’s (OUA) Surface Water Treatment Plant while meeting the challenges of limited space, raw water quality, available capital, and new EPA regulations. The preliminary engineering, consisting of site visits, pilot studies, and research, resulted in an innovative design for surface water treatment. This design combines several ...

  • Immersed Ultrafiltration Membranes for Treatment of Organically Laden Surfice Water

    ABSTRACT Ultrafiltration membranes are becoming increasingly prevalent in potable water treatment applications. This trend can be attributed to the improved cost effectiveness of membrane systems as compared to conventional treatment technologies and to progressively more stringent water quality regulations. In particular, increased awareness related to the formation of disinfection ...

  • Utilizing unconventional water sources for industrial reuse

    Reclamation and reuse of unconventional wastewater sources for plant raw water, cooling water and process pre-treatment has increased substantially due to increases in the cost of drinking water, recurring water shortages that can impact business operations, and tightening government regulation. Water is required in almost every industrial sector for the processing and manufacture of products. ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Do You Need a Raw Water Treatment System for Your Plant?

    Determining whether or not you need a raw water treatment system for your industrial facility can be a difficult decision. But if your plant draws from a raw water source (such as a river, lake, ocean, or groundwater), chances are you will need some sort of treatment. If left untreated, what is present in your water source can cause a variety of issues, such as contamination in drinking water ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Flint Must Make Us Ask: Is Our Water Ready for an Emergency?

    In emergency situations, providing access to and cleansing water is as important as the availability of the water itself. Even when available, non-potable is a significant danger. The United Nations says diarrhea caused by consuming unsafe water is a top cause of morbidity due to malnutrition, contributing to roughly 60% of deaths of children under five years olds in developing countries and ...

  • Park City, Utah Arsenic removal from ground water

    Background Park City Utah Water, which serves a population of 6,500, has five water sources. Spiro Tunnel and Spiro Portal are two that were in need of Iron and Manganese removal as well as above limits for Arsenic. Filtronics was engaged by the engineering firm of Eckhoff, Watson and Preator (EWP), Salt Lake City, to perform pilot tests for the Park City Municipal Corporation. The ...


    By Filtronics, Incorporated

  • How Does Lead Get into Drinking Water? How Can Local Municipalities Remove It?

    In light of the Flint water crisis—when, in 2014, Flint officials changed the city’s water source from the Detroit Water and Sewerage Department to the Flint River, leaching unsafe levels of lead into the public water supply due to improper treatment—many people are wondering if the same thing could happen in their own communities and homes. Some folks believe this could be the ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Sustainable wastewater separation treatment systems coupled with nutrient and water reducing greywater reuse technologies

    Nationally and internationally, pressure is increasing to introduce nutrient reducing, water conserving and recycling measures for sustainable residential and small community water/wastewater systems. Reports of inadequate water quality and quantity are being reported daily. Over the past thirty years the federal government and State of Alaska have invested over 4 billion dollars installing piped ...


    By Equaris Corporation

  • Sustainable sludge handling for the 21st Century

    Purification of municipal and industrial waste waters leads to the generation of a residue-called “excess sludge”. This material when mechanically dewatered is typically 75-90% water. The balance of the dewatered sludge consists of organic compounds (solid waste, biomass) and inert materials (sand, salts, and metals). These sludges have been to date dehydrated to reduce the aqueous fraction using ...


    By SCFI Group Limited

  • Hodder WTW - Actiflo for Cryptosporidium removal

    United Utilities 83-week Programme 112,000 m3/day Max Flow The Client United Utilities are the 2nd largest water company in England / Wales. They are responsible for an area in the north west of the UK, which includes major cities such as Manchester and Liverpool. The Client's Needs ...


  • EM Pure Reverse Osmosis Systems

    The Problem More Dissolved Solids Than Desired In A Water Source Water is never completely free of dissolved solids. It contains varying amounts of impurities which are identified as hardness, alkalinity, minerals, inorganic salts, total dissolved solids or other items. Removal Of Unwanted Solids Suspended solids may be removed by ...


    By Filtronics, Incorporated

  • Introduction to Decentralized Packaged Wastewater Treatment (PWWT) Systems - PDH Article

    Learning Objectives After reading this article, you should understand: Functions and processes of a decentralized PWWT system; Design considerations of a PWWT system. Overview "Clean water will be the oil of the 21st Century." The accuracy and magnitude of this statement is resonating worldwide. ...

  • The future for desalination in the UK

    Documento sin título In this feature article, Anthony Bennett, Technical Director at Clarity, reports on developments in the application ...


    By Clarity Authoring

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