power distribution Articles

  • Transformational adaptation – when climate change means business as usual is no longer possible

    1. A lesson from the past Deep in the central Sahara, a crumbling mud-brick town sits at the edge of a dry lake bed. This is the medieval town of Germa, in southwestern Libya, one of a string of settlements along the Wadi al-Ajal, a valley defined by the towering dunes of the Ubari Sand Sea to the north, and the black cliffs of the Messak Settafet plateau to the south. Germa is romantic ...


    By Garama 3C Ltd

  • Low energy mixing to optimize anaerobic digestion at the Kitchener WWTP

    The existing Kitchener Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) is a conventional secondary treatment facility, with a rated capacity of 122,745 mVd. The plant is comprised of two separate secondary treatment plants (Plant 1 and Plant 2) served by a common headworks facilities and primary clarifier facilities. Plant 1 was constructed in the early 1960s and Plant 2 was constructed in the mid-1970s. Both ...

  • Power electronics for distributed and co-generation

    Distributed and Co-Generation has great growth potential, as the world is becoming more energy dependent and energy demanding. Distributed and Co-Generation creates alternative solutions to serve the growing energy market. In this paper, a comprehensive review of the different sources of distributed power is discussed including the main sources of the dispersed generation such as solar energy, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The benefits of monitoring compressed air

    Compressed air is used in many manufacturing processes for many different reasons, from the actuation and control of pneumatic valves and cylinders to the operation of process machinery and tooling. It can also be used as a transport medium for bulk materials or as a purge gas. For all its uses it is nonetheless expensive. This is why, through detailed monitoring, a business can enjoy the ...


    By Contrec Europe Limited

  • The ‘ins and outs’ of air quality monitoring

    The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recently issued draft guidance on ‘Air pollution - outdoor air quality and health.’ In the following article Jim Mills, Managing Director of Air Monitors Ltd, explains why there will need to be more funding for monitoring if the mitigation measures mentioned in the guidance are to be implemented effectively. Jim also ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • The Next Generation of Level Control

    Water is an essential resource for everyday life, and thus having a way to store and distribute water is of critical importance. Water storage tanks have been designed to compensate for varying water demands during high and low ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • What Is Zero Liquid Discharge and How Does It Work?

    Not every industrial facility that produces wastewater will require zero liquid discharge (ZLD). It is usually looked to as a last resort because it can be a complex process that requires a high initial investment. If a facility is located on a site that has severe water scarcity issues and/or astronomical discharge fees, it might be ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Power-law distribution of acid deposition

    The scaling behaviour in acid deposition dynamics of 184 monitoring sites under the National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP) is analysed for the 1978–2001 period. The results show that: the distribution of weekly hydrogen deposition (WHD) is consistent with a power law in two different regimes separated by a crossover WHD (CWHD), and both the CWHD and its probability density increase as the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A commercial approach to solar power distribution in India

    In India, approximately 5,000 of 79,000 unelectrified villages, either unapproachable from the grid line or subject to uneconomic viability, are awaiting electricity through SPV power as the only suitable technological option. SPV power, which is expensive in capital cost, although affordable in tariff, is on successful trial through a novel scheme that is subsidy-free. Limited scale ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Design, analysis and control of compensators for distribution power systems

    This paper deals with the analysis, design and control of Distribution Static Compensator (DSTATCOM) for power quality improvement in an AC distribution system. Various design criteria are considered for the design of DSTATCOM for a variety of possible functions such as voltage regulation, power factor correction and load balancing. Conventional AC power capacitors are considered in conjunction ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cascade failures and distributed generation in power grids

    Power grids are nowadays experiencing a transformation due to the introduction of distributed generation based on renewable sources. At difference with classical distributed generation, where local power sources mitigate anomalous user consumption peaks, renewable sources introduce in the grid intrinsically erratic power inputs. By introducing a simple schematic (but realistic) model for power ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Flexible Biomass Gasification Technology for Distributed Power Generation

    The ultimate aim of this research and development project is to demonstrate the key technological aspects of the proposed biomass gasification technology for distributed power generation, in order to speed up the commercial update of biomass as a reliable and cheap renewable energy source across Partner countries. Australia will lead this project with the collaboration of Japan, China, India, and ...

  • Control and protection of distribution systems with distributed generators

    Unquestionably, in the last years, the number of generators connected directly to electric power distribution systems has increased. In addition, the main statistics and signals show that such tendency could become even more intense in the coming years. As a consequence of this policy, many technical factors related to control, protection, operation and analysis of distribution systems should be ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effect of distributed generation modelling on performance of distribution systems

    Due to the continuous increase of distributed generation (DG) penetration into distribution systems, load flow analysis always needs improvement to be more flexible, fast and computationally efficient especially when integrating DG with existing distribution systems. The work in this paper is divided into two parts; in the first part a new algorithm is developed to solve the power flow problem ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling of DSTATCOM for distribution system

    This paper deals with the simulation of distribution static synchronous compensator (DSTATCOM) for improving power quality of a distribution system feeding linear as well as non-linear loads. Nowadays, there are an increasing number of non-linear loads which inject harmonics into the system. A three-phase insulated gate bipolar transistor- (IGBT-)based current controlled voltage source inverter ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • GE Leakwise Application Notes: Oil Detection for Power Distribution Stations

    Transformer Substations Utilities have hundreds of transformer substations. In each substation there are usually several transformers.  Each transformer contains a high volume of insulation oil. A catch basin is built under ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • A simplified approach to control water distribution under restricted power supply

    This paper presents a water supply problem arising from the regions where power supply is not regulated and the water supplier has to manage the demand with minimum possible cost. The consumption is constrained to organise rationing, and thus known day after day. Furthermore, the same consumption profile is maintained during the summer season, and this explains the importance of the reservoir ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparative performance of BESS and SMES in distribution network to improve power quality

    The FACTS devices, like STATCOM, are becoming a part of the modern power system to improve the power system operation and power quality problems. Integrating the battery energy storage system (BESS)/superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) across the dc bus of the STATCOM can provide effective modulation of the real and reactive power. The dynamics of each of these differ because of their ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • DSTATCOM for power quality improvement in a four-wire electric distribution system

    This paper deals with the simulation of a Distribution Static Compensator (DSTATCOM) for power quality improvement in a four-wire electric distribution system. A three-phase Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT)-based Current-Controlled Voltage Source Inverter (CC-VSI) with a DC bus capacitor is used as a DSTATCOM. The DSTATCOM improves the supply power factor, eliminates harmonics, provides ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Programmed PWM to improve power quality in systems with distributed generation units

    Pulse-Width Modulated (PWM) inverters are widely applied in Distributed Generation (DG) units and power quality equipment owing to their excellent performance and flexible control means. Programmed PWM (PPWM), as a special type of optimal PWM strategy, theoretically allows for setting the fundamental and the selected harmonic amplitudes directly to arbitrary values. The algorithms for solving ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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