power plant safety Articles

  • Verification of nuclear power plants safety systems

    Although safety is and has always been the primary objective for the nuclear community, it happens that the established practices for verification of nuclear plants' safety systems fail to provide reliable knowledge. The traditional investigation techniques have proven to be insufficient in their attempts to solve the problems and to prevent new failures. In this paper, difficulties in performing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reduced Emissions for Landfill Gas Installations

    The use of landfill gas as a source of renewable energy is increasing. For environmental and safety reasons, the owners of the waste storage sites have to strictly monitor and control the construction, operations, and emissions generated. Sulzer offers solutions to control these emissions within the limits given by the government. Landfill gas is similar to natural gas, but it is created by ...


    By Sulzer

  • Floating nuclear power plants

    Nuclear energy, in comparison with other modes of energy generation such as hydro, thermal and non-conventional sources, has high energy density with little environmental pollution or greenhouse gas emissions. The methodologies to check the problems of nuclear radiation hazards and waste associated with this technology are continuously being developed towards perfection. The nuclear plants are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Methods of observing the safety and some special features of catalytic power plants

    In the present paper, two construction methods for observing safety of catalytic boilers with fixed and fluidised bed are presented. They are connected with using the fuel nozzles cooled by water and the flame extinction filters. The experiments confirmed their positive effect. The article also contains the descriptions of some features of catalytic thermal power plants concerning their capacity ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sabotage vulnerability of nuclear power plants

    There have been many recent studies of nuclear security focusing on terrorist assault, but this paper discusses methods equal in catastrophic potential: sabotage by individuals with a detailed knowledge of security procedures, plant layout and the functional nature of the critical components of a nuclear power plant. The paper looks only at sabotage without explosives or using very small amounts ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Economics of tiny thermal power plants

    Thermal power plants is the main source of energy and electricity in India and almost all countries of the world. Most of the giant thermal power plants have capacity of 500MW to 1000 MW. Investment in such giant thermal power plants is Rs 100 million per MW including transmission lines and distribution lines. ( 60 rupees = 1 US$, MW=1000KW). So 1000MW thermal power plant costs Rs 100 million/MW ...


    By AADHUNIK GLOBAL ENERGY

  • MHR-T power-technological complex: safety aspects

    The paper deals with the safety assurance aspects of a power-technological complex for large-scale hydrogen production (MHR-T PTC) combining the innovative nuclear and hydrogen processes. It reviews practical realisation of the nuclear-hydrogen concept developed in early 1970s on the basis of high-temperature helium reactor plants of the fourth MHR-T generation, which allows production of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reflections on regulatory oversight of nuclear power plants

    A regulatory body acts as a representative for society to ensure that the operation of nuclear facilities do not introduce any undue threats. Typical regulatory tasks include the definition of safety requirements, the inspections needed to ensure that they are adhered to and the imposing of sanctions if violations are detected. Regulatory oversight is anchored in national legislation, which is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Emergency zoning around nuclear power plants in Slovakia

    This paper presents summary information on emergency preparedness and planning in Slovakia. Safety policy, current and possible future requirements to the emergency on-site plans, off-site plans and emergency transport orders, as well as to the documentation, their regular updating and review are summarised. National emergency preparedness organisation, zones used, and special and technical ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Harmonisation of safety rules: can existing nuclear power plants be forced to comply with new requirements?

    This paper, based on a survey in nine countries, deals with the way in which different countries impose new requirements on existing nuclear power plants. This is a question that will often arise when national regulations are revised in a process of international harmonisation. It will be shown that new requirements can be divided into three categories with different justifications and different ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Regulatory guidance on safety reviews of nuclear power plants in Germany: a survey of accomplished and current PSA activities

    This paper describes the key points of the completed and ongoing regulatory activities in order to revise the existing guide on probabilistic safety analyses (PSA guide) and its corresponding technical documents, both as parts of sublegal regulations in Germany. The German PSA guide covers the fundamental requirements concerning the execution of PSAs in the frame of comprehensive safety reviews. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Less is more? Results from a case study on improving the safety review process at a nuclear power plant

    This paper focuses on technical safety reviews of plant modifications at a Swedish nuclear power plant. The primary aims of the presented study include identifying the main areas for improvement of the existing technical safety review process, developing a new process, and evaluating whether any improvements were accomplished. It was concluded that grading of the primary safety review reports ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Dynamical safety assessment of hydrogen production nuclear power plants using system dynamics method

    Nuclear power plants for hydrogen production are investigated in the aspect of nuclear safety. The non–linear dynamical safety assessment is introduced for the analysis of the high temperature gas cooled reactor (HTGR) which is used for hydrogen production as well as electricity generation. The dynamical algorithm is adjusted for the safety assessment with an easier and reliable output. A ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New decommissioning system for nuclear power plants in Japan

    The subject matter of this paper discusses the new decommissioning system for nuclear power plants in Japan, including the system for the disposal of demolition waste and the decommissioning cost allowance system. The Nuclear Regulations Law, established in 1957, ordering that decommissioning be carried out, it was naturally impossible to set proper safety regulations. While the present safety ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Industry Experts Address Solutions for Major Safety and Environmental Hazards and Risks Prevalent in Fossil-Fuel Power Plants

    The upcoming marcus evans HSE Excellence for Fossil Generation Conference — set to take place August 6–8, 2013, in Dallas, Texas — will address critical challenges and lessons learned in the industry to drive solution-based topics, including worksite safety management, confined space, safety training, fall ...


    By Marcus Evans

  • Safety assessment for the deficient operation data in the gas-cooled nuclear power plants for hydrogen production

    The probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) is investigated in the case of the operational data shortage which is characteristic of the passive system in gas-cooled nuclear power plants (NPPs). Therefore, it is difficult to make a quantification of the PSA. One of the solutions is to compare the passive system and the active system. Using this comparison, one can find the priority of the passive ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Completion of Belene Nuclear Power Plant: project perspectives

    The development of Belene NPP began with site selection in the 1970s, site characterisation in 1980–1981, and a decision to proceed in 1981. Construction was suspended for financial reasons in 1991. Now the state authorities have taken steps to continue the project. Despite the lengthy study period and the subsequent legislative changes, the evaluations indicate that Belene is a suitable NPP ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Advanced plants to meet rising expectations for nuclear power

    Nuclear power produces 15.2% of the world's electricity. Many countries are planning to either introduce nuclear energy or expand their nuclear generation capacity. Design organisations are incorporating both proven means and new approaches for reducing the capital costs of their advanced designs. In the near term, most new nuclear plants will be evolutionary design, often pursuing economies of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The development of KM portals for nuclear power plants

    This paper has been prepared with close collaboration between the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)'s International Nuclear Information System (INIS) and Nuclear Knowledge Management Section and representatives of several Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) and other supporting organisations (IAEA, 2009). The practical experiences of different NPPs show that the development and existence of a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • BBA emergency pump units for a nuclear power plant

    Following the Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011, safety regulations at many nuclear plants have been considerably tightened, this has led to an increased demand for fire fighting pump systems. These systems must comply with extremely strict requirements and regulations. Working closely together with the Belgian distributor Rental Pumps, BBA Pumps has recently completed one of the most demanding ...


    By BBA Pumps

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