pre-thickening Articles

  • AquaNES: demonstrating synergies in combined natural and engineered processes for water treatment systems

    EU-project AquaNES pursues the concept of combined natural and engineered water treatment systems (cNES) as response to water management challenges. AquaNES,  with participation of microLAN, considers bank filtration (BF), managed aquifer recharge (MAR)/soil-aquifer treatment (SAT), constructed wetlands (CW) and plus engineered pre- and ...


    By microLAN B.V.

  • Taking advantage of production waste - Case Study

    Recycling areas: Various scrap Company name: KME (Serravalle Copper Tubes) Located: Serravalle Scrivia (Alessandria), Italy Founded: 1886 Employees: 5700 KME is a leading global fabricator of copper and copper alloy semi-finished products. Each year 405.000 tons of copper and copper alloy semi-finished products (excluding copper wire) are produced. ...


    By Eldan Recycling A/S

  • Beyond Laboratory Research on White Rust and Passivation

    EVAPCO initiated an in-depth study to investigate the formation and control of white rust. This study, which began over three years ago, led to the development of industry-leading research equipment specifically designed to evaluate white rust formation on evaporative heat transfer surfaces. A small-scale closed circuit cooler was designed and built to replicate the dynamic conditions ...


    By Evapco Inc.

  • Ten Questions to Answer Before Buying a Baler

    How Do You Know When You Need a Baler? Business owners and facilities managers can easily tell when it is time to purchase a baler.  Commodities like cardboard, aluminum, paper, textiles, plastics, and non-ferrous metals can accumulate and create unsafe work environments.  It is expensive to pay waste haulers to take these items away with the rest of the trash.  It is also ...


    By Harmony Enterprises, Inc.

  • Pre-treatment of thickened waste activated sludge (TWAS) for enhanced biogas production via the application of a novel radial horn sonication technology

    The efficacy of sonication as a pre-treatment to anaerobic digestion (AD) was assessed using thickened waste activated sludge (TWAS). Efficiency was measured in relation to solubilisation, dewaterability, and AD performance. Eighteen experimental conditions were evaluated at low frequency (20 kHz), duration (2–10 s), amplitude (∼8–12 μm) and applied pressure (0.5–3.0 barg), using a sonix™ ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ceramic Membranes in Sludge Thickening Applications

    The Aerobic Digestion group has recently been conducting pilot testing of silicon carbide ceramic membranes manufactured by the Danish company Cembrane A/S.  This promising technology shows a great ability to filter water even in the challenging high solids environment of sludge thickening.  The results of the pilot testing have led the aerobic digestion group to utilize ...

  • Paste thickener bed level measurement

    Numerous studies and papers have been devoted to the subject of thickener design and operation to achieve specified throughput and discharge densities. Mathematical models have been developed that present methods for sizing thickeners and predicting performance under varying process conditions. The compression effect of deeper beds on dewatering performance is a recognized phenomenon. This is one ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Membrane thickening aerobic digestion processes

    Sludge management accounts for approximately 60% of the total wastewater treatment plant expenditure and laws for sludge disposal are becoming increasingly stringent, therefore much consideration is required when designing a solids handling process. A membrane thickening aerobic digestion process integrates a controlled aerobic digestion process with pre-thickening waste activated sludge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Sludge digestion/thickening optimizes treatment

    Overview: Big Park Domestic Wastewater Improvements District in Arizona had constructed a new 500,000 gallons per day biological wastewater treatment system in 1997. As time passed, the aging plant was unable to keep up with increasing demands. Challenge: In 2012, the District started working with Sunrise ...

  • Ultrasonic pre-treatment of biosolid

    Low-frequency and high-intensity ultrasonic treatment of biosolid is a good method for biosolid disintegration. So, as a pre-treatment method of anaerobic digestion, it may replace the hydrolysis. Thus, we studied the effect of ultrasonic disintegration of biosolid at different ultrasonic power densities. Results showed that the Soluble Chemical Oxygen Demand (SCOD), Total Nitrogen (TN), Total ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Anaerobic thermophilic digestion of sewage sludge with a thickened sludge recycle

    The process of anaerobic thermophilic digestion of municipal wastewater sludge with a recycled part of thickened digested sludge, was studied in semi-continuous laboratory digesters. This modified recycling process resulted in increased solids retention time (SRT) with the same hydraulic retention time (HRT) as compared with traditional digestion without recycling. Increased SRT without ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A simple empirical model for the clarification-thickening process in wastewater treatment plants

    In wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), activated sludge is thickened in secondary settling tanks and recycled into the biological reactor to maintain enough biomass for wastewater treatment. Accurately estimating the activated sludge concentration in the lower portion of the secondary clarifiers is of great importance for evaluating and controlling the sludge recycled ratio, ensuring smooth and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Verification of the meteorological pre-processor MEPDIM

    The Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU) has carried out a year of direct measurements of standard deviations of wind fluctuations (σv and σw) on an island off the west coast of Norway. These measurements have been used for the evaluation of estimated values based on the meteorological pre-processor MEPDIM. The physical basis for this metprocessor is provided by parameterisation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Importance of the Pre-charge of Pressure Tanks.

    A pressure tank consists of an air and water chamber that are divided by a membrane. The air in the air chamber is compressed dry air. This so called pre-charge is a very important factor in the operation of a system with a pressure tank. It acts like a spring and stores the energy in a tank that is used to supply pressurized water when the pump is not running. The membrane that separates the air ...

  • Pre-Colombian artifacts case study

    Cordillera de Mérida mountain range, Northeastern Colombia A pipeline is planned to transport oil from the Cordillera de Mérida mountain range of northeastern Colombia west towards the Pacific Ocean. An archeological investigation is being conducted by others along the proposed pipeline route to determine potential areas of historical significance. As part of ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Desalination pre‐treatment with LFNano

    EconoPure Water Systems EconoPure Water Systems designs and manufactures highly economical, scalable, low‐fouling. membrane systems. The Company leverages the proprietary low‐fouling nanofiltration. (“LFNano”) system consisting of a unique membrane element that is designed to avoid. particulate fouling, biofouling, and scaling. As the name suggests, the LFNano ...

  • Recycling of Pre-consumer Plastic Film

    Untitled Document ...


    By Shred-Tech Corp.

  • Upgrading Pre-Existing DAF Clarifiers

    Whether a Mill is pursuing a facility wide directive to reduce water consumption or simply looking for better performance from a presently installed DAF clarifier, the advancements discussed in this overview offer proven techniques to optimize existing DAF system operations. Significant operational cost reductions can be achieved with DAF System Upgrades. In addition, increasing DAF performance ...


    By World Water Works, Inc.

  • Complete sewage pre-treatment plants

    These packaged plants offer complete preliminary treatment to Raw Sewage or Sewage from Septic Tanks. The plants are fully automatic and incorporate their control for complete independence from other ...


  • A case study of the sludge thickener - Large Commercial Facility (Office Building)

    Costs for industrial waste reduced with sludge thickener Some office buildings and large commercial facilities have wastewater treatment facilities underground. In such case, it is difficult to take dewatered cake out, so sludge is kept in liquid form and vacuumed out by pump without being dewatered. This potential customer also had been vacuuming out the liquid sludge, and had considered how to ...


    By AMCON Inc.

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