pre-thickening Articles

  • Bredel pumps deliver 25% improvement to process uptime and contribute to reduced CO2 emissions at Italian organic waste recycling plant

    A total of seven Bredel 80 hose pumps from Watson-Marlow Fluid Technology Group (WMFTG) have replaced competitor models on buffer tanks feeding the digester at a major Italian recycling plant. The previous pumps ...

  • Pre-treatment of thickened waste activated sludge (TWAS) for enhanced biogas production via the application of a novel radial horn sonication technology

    The efficacy of sonication as a pre-treatment to anaerobic digestion (AD) was assessed using thickened waste activated sludge (TWAS). Efficiency was measured in relation to solubilisation, dewaterability, and AD performance. Eighteen experimental conditions were evaluated at low frequency (20 kHz), duration (2–10 s), amplitude (∼8–12 μm) and applied pressure (0.5–3.0 barg), using a sonix™ ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Paste thickener bed level measurement

    Numerous studies and papers have been devoted to the subject of thickener design and operation to achieve specified throughput and discharge densities. Mathematical models have been developed that present methods for sizing thickeners and predicting performance under varying process conditions. The compression effect of deeper beds on dewatering performance is a recognized phenomenon. This is one ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Ceramic Membranes in Sludge Thickening Applications

    The Aerobic Digestion group has recently been conducting pilot testing of silicon carbide ceramic membranes manufactured by the Danish company Cembrane A/S.  This promising technology shows a great ability to filter water even in the challenging high solids environment of sludge thickening.  The results of the pilot testing have led the aerobic digestion group to utilize ...

  • Membrane thickening aerobic digestion processes

    Sludge management accounts for approximately 60% of the total wastewater treatment plant expenditure and laws for sludge disposal are becoming increasingly stringent, therefore much consideration is required when designing a solids handling process. A membrane thickening aerobic digestion process integrates a controlled aerobic digestion process with pre-thickening waste activated sludge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sand island gravity thickener tank - Case study

    Project: Rehabilitation of Gravity Thickener Tank #1 Location: Sand Island WWTP - Honolulu, Hawaii Owner: ENV - City and County of Honolulu Applicator: Zelinsky Company Sauereisen Representative: J.A. Crawford Company Products: ...


    By Sauereisen Inc.

  • Sludge digestion/thickening optimizes treatment - Case Study

    Overview: Big Park Domestic Wastewater Improvements District in Arizona had constructed a new 500,000 gallons per day biological wastewater treatment system in 1997. As time passed, the aging plant was unable to keep up with increasing demands. Challenge: In 2012, the District started working with Sunrise ...

  • Ultrasonic pre-treatment of biosolid

    Low-frequency and high-intensity ultrasonic treatment of biosolid is a good method for biosolid disintegration. So, as a pre-treatment method of anaerobic digestion, it may replace the hydrolysis. Thus, we studied the effect of ultrasonic disintegration of biosolid at different ultrasonic power densities. Results showed that the Soluble Chemical Oxygen Demand (SCOD), Total Nitrogen (TN), Total ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Anaerobic thermophilic digestion of sewage sludge with a thickened sludge recycle

    The process of anaerobic thermophilic digestion of municipal wastewater sludge with a recycled part of thickened digested sludge, was studied in semi-continuous laboratory digesters. This modified recycling process resulted in increased solids retention time (SRT) with the same hydraulic retention time (HRT) as compared with traditional digestion without recycling. Increased SRT without ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A simple empirical model for the clarification-thickening process in wastewater treatment plants

    In wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), activated sludge is thickened in secondary settling tanks and recycled into the biological reactor to maintain enough biomass for wastewater treatment. Accurately estimating the activated sludge concentration in the lower portion of the secondary clarifiers is of great importance for evaluating and controlling the sludge recycled ratio, ensuring smooth and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Complete sewage pre-treatment plants

    These packaged plants offer complete preliminary treatment to Raw Sewage or Sewage from Septic Tanks. The plants are fully automatic and incorporate their control for complete independence from other ...


  • Importance of the Pre-charge of Pressure Tanks.

    A pressure tank consists of an air and water chamber that are divided by a membrane. The air in the air chamber is compressed dry air. This so called pre-charge is a very important factor in the operation of a system with a pressure tank. It acts like a spring and stores the energy in a tank that is used to supply pressurized water when the pump is not running. The membrane that separates the air ...

  • Desalination pre‐treatment with LFNano

    EconoPure Water Systems EconoPure Water Systems designs and manufactures highly economical, scalable, low‐fouling. membrane systems. The Company leverages the proprietary low‐fouling nanofiltration. (“LFNano”) system consisting of a unique membrane element that is designed to avoid. particulate fouling, biofouling, and scaling. As the name suggests, the LFNano ...

  • Upgrading Pre-Existing DAF Clarifiers

    Whether a Mill is pursuing a facility wide directive to reduce water consumption or simply looking for better performance from a presently installed DAF clarifier, the advancements discussed in this overview offer proven techniques to optimize existing DAF system operations. Significant operational cost reductions can be achieved with DAF System Upgrades. In addition, increasing DAF performance ...


    By World Water Works, Inc.

  • Pre-Colombian artifacts case study

    Cordillera de Mérida mountain range, Northeastern Colombia A pipeline is planned to transport oil from the Cordillera de Mérida mountain range of northeastern Colombia west towards the Pacific Ocean. An archeological investigation is being conducted by others along the proposed pipeline route to determine potential areas of historical significance. As part of ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Recycling of Pre-consumer Plastic Film

    Untitled Document ...


    By Shred-Tech Corp.

  • Verification of the meteorological pre-processor MEPDIM

    The Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU) has carried out a year of direct measurements of standard deviations of wind fluctuations (σv and σw) on an island off the west coast of Norway. These measurements have been used for the evaluation of estimated values based on the meteorological pre-processor MEPDIM. The physical basis for this metprocessor is provided by parameterisation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A case study of the sludge thickener - Large Commercial Facility (Office Building)

    Costs for industrial waste reduced with sludge thickener Some office buildings and large commercial facilities have wastewater treatment facilities underground. In such case, it is difficult to take dewatered cake out, so sludge is kept in liquid form and vacuumed out by pump without being dewatered. This potential customer also had been vacuuming out the liquid sludge, and had considered how to ...


    By AMCON Inc.

  • Wastewater pre-treatment in a confectionery industry

    Description of the plant In a first step, wastewater accruing from the production of marzipane is cleaned by a screen. As flow and load to the plant are highly variable depending on the production process an aerated mixing and balancing reactor has been installed to equalise flow and load before final chemical pre-treatment. After adding of chemicals for precipitation and flocculation ...

  • Devolping Pre-treatment Strategy for SWRO Systems

    Typically open-sea water intake structures are constructed in the shallow areas where sea water depth is in the range of 3m up to 10m. Due to this SWRO plant with open intake will have source water with high debris, suspended solids and aquatic organisms requiring a very elaborate pretreatment system. Thus Pretreatment design becomes an important part for a long term operation of the seawater ...

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