pressure pipe Articles

  • Advantages of Advanced Water Treatment Solutions

    Various advanced water treatment solutions are available for households as well as all types of facilities and industries. Water filtration provides users with valuable benefits that many don’t realize yet. Here are some of the advantages of water treatment solutions like an arsenic treatment system. Improved Water Quality A good arsenic filtration system ...

  • Leak behaviour in pressurized PVC pipes

    The correct definition of the leak law, i.e. the relationship between the leak outflow, the total head at the leak and other relevant parameters such as the pipe material, can seriously affect the accuracy of the numerical models used for the management of water distribution systems, either if they are used to forecast the leakage reduction by pressure management or to locate and size the leaks ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluating the pressure-leakage behaviour of leaks in water pipes

    Much progress has been made over the last decade in understanding the behaviour of flow through leak openings with changes in water mains pressure. In particular it has been established that variations in leak areas with pressure is the main factor responsible for the range of leakage exponents observed in practice, and several numerical and experimental studies have investigated this ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pressure-loss computation procedures for non-Newtonian pipe flow

    Wastewater sludge with solids concentrations above about 2 percent exhibit non-Newtonian behavior, i.e., the sludge apparent viscosity changes with the shear rate (flow velocity). To determine pipeline head loss for sludge streams to and from anaerobic digesters, samples of primary, secondary and digested sludge were collected from Orange County Sanitation District Plant No. 1 and analyzed to ...

  • Custom Pressurized Plastic Pipe Disposal Solution - Case Study

    Problem A large petro chemical company asked Waste Control Systems to solve a problem of pressurized plastic pipe after it had been tested for bursting strength. The QA test consisted of taking an eighteen inch section of pipe and welding caps on each end. One cap was solid and the other consisted of a fitting to allow air to be pumped into the section of pipe. A check valve was ...


    By Waste Control Systems Inc

  • Characterising the pressure-leakage response of pipe networks using the FAVAD equation

    This study investigated the feasibility of characterising the pressure-leakage response of water distribution systems using the FAVAD (Fixed and Variable Area Discharges) equation, instead of the conventional N1 power equation. The study was based on 300 network models with randomly distributed leaks and 35 networks generated through a sensitivity analysis. It was found that the leakage rate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Deal With The Pressure - Protect piping system components with Pulsation Dampeners

    Metering pumps with operating pressures of up to 150 psig (pounds per square inch gauge) can create unwanted pressure pulsations within a piping system – a real problem in applications such as filling, mixing and spraying that require a combination of a metering pump’s accuracy and a continuous flow. But the issue can often be addressed with Pulsation Dampeners.The Pulsation Dampeners, usually ...


    By Lutz-JESCO America Corp.

  • Intelligent pressure management reduces water losses and minimizes pipe brakes

    Leaks in water pipes and leaking valves in urban water distribution systems and pipeline networks, mainly in developing and threshold countries, are the reason for water losses of up to 50 percent in relation to the water quantity being produced in the water works. The articele of the 'Industrial Valves 2009' presents an effective pressure management on the basis of an intelligent control ...


    By VAG-Armaturen GmbH

  • Quadratic approximations for pipe friction

    This paper develops quadratic approximations to the classical models of Darcy–Weisbach and Hazen–Williams for frictional head loss in water pipes. Key elements of the technique are selecting the approximation domain and minimizing the relative error. A comparison for individual pipes over a range of diameter, roughness, and Reynolds number showed that the approximation provides ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Preventing & Thawing Frozen Pipes

    A “how-to” guide on preventing and thawing frozen pipes. As temperatures drop below freezing around the country, it’s important to be informed of the cold weather’s effect on your water pipes. When temperatures are below freezing, pipes in unheated areas are subject to freezing causing messy, and often expensive issues. Just one burst pipe running at 4-8 ...


    By WaterSignal

  • A multi-step genetic algorithm model for ensuring cost-effectiveness and adequate water pressure in a trunk/limb mains pipe system

    A water distribution network is the most expensive component of a water supply system; consequently, the overall planning, installation, and rehabilitation processes should be implemented accurately and carefully. The main issue that developing countries are facing is how to optimize the distribution network to meet increasing water demand. To tackle the issue, this paper proposes a new concept ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Measuring Pressure and Vacuum Correctly

    Pumps and systems are installed, started, operated, and many times, forgotten. When a problem arises, it’s recommended to install a discharge pressure gauge and suction vacuum gauge on the system. These gauges should be installed near the suction inlet and discharge outlet of the pump. These gauges are usually installed properly, recorded, and along with a pump speed measurement can be ...


    By Gorman-Rupp Co.

  • Pressure Tank sizing

    Sizing a Pressure Tank with a CSV Cycle Stop Valves utilize a very small pressure tank. A 4.4 gallon size pressure tank is all you need for any size house.  “The larger the pressure tank the better”, is no longer true. Water does not come from the ...


    By Cycle Stop Valves, Inc.

  • Installing and Gluing Flexible PVC Pipe

    Installing and Gluing PVC Flexible (Flex) Pipe In order to get a proper bond and create a full, permanent seal when installing PVC Flex Pipe we have several suggestions. If you abide by these simple instructions you can minimize problems, leaks, and system failures! Ensure the pipe is clean and dry. Wipe away any dirt or dust and water. Use a PVC Primer on the ...


    By Red Flag Products

  • PPR pipe fitting mold, PPR pipe mold, PPR mold

    PPR pipe fitting mould  PPR pipe fitting is specially for water supplying piping system, the connection of the fitting with the pipe has 3 different types. 1. gluing type. 2. welding type. 3. screwing type. Based on the function, we divided the PPR pipe fitting mould into below 4 different types. ...


    By Focare Mould Co.,Ltd.

  • Installation of Large Diameter Buried Pipes

    The ProblemThere is an ongoing need to provide designers, specifiers, engineers, consultants and students an overview and general understanding on the proper installation and rehabilitation of buried municipal and industrial pipelines to provide a long-lasting wastewater and potable water infrastructure that will serve future generations. Goals and ObjectiveMost buried ...

  • What Are The Benefits of Commercial Pipe Bursting?

    Repairs become more difficult when commercial aspects are involved. Aside from being disruptive for businesses and time consuming, they can also pose some safety and health hazards for the employees and customers. Trenchless technology has introduced a no-dig solution that can turn a potential sewage or drain problem into one that’s relatively seamless and quick. ...


    By TRIC Tools Inc.

  • Hydrostatic Pressure Test

    A hydrostatic test is performed to determine the integrity and soundness of pressure vessels and piping joints. A decrease in the applied pressure or leakage through the products or joints or plastic deformation or distortion or bulging in the product is indication of inadequate quality of the product under test.   This test method is also termed as Leak testing (based on ...

  • In-pipe monitors turn dreams into reality

    In-pipe monitors turn dreams into reality The quality of tap water has improved enormously in recent decades, but for largely technological reasons, until recently, knowledge of water quality between the treatment works and the tap has been an almost impossible dream for water treatment and distribution network managers. In this article, Jo Cooper, Product Specialist at Intellitect Water, will ...


    By Intellitect Water Ltd

  • Everything Depends on Pressure And Maintenance

    Energy and cost efficiency of biological treatment plants Every biologically working sewage plant needs a compressed air station for the oxygen supply of the aeration basin. This station only works at the highest possible energy efficiency level if excessive plant pressure through the subordinated system, excessive intake temperatures due to insufficient aeration and deaeration, and ...

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