process gas analysis Articles

  • Exergy analysis of process heaters

    A thermodynamic analysis is proposed to investigate the entropy generation in process heaters. It is found that the major portion of the exergy losses occur in the stack. It is also found that the excess air decreases the first law efficiency while the second law efficiency remains nearly constant. Although the first law efficiency is found to be of the order of 70-90%, the second law efficiency ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nitrogen Demand Increases for Semiconductor: How Safe Are You?

    As users demand ever-smaller smartphones and better televisions, semiconductor manufacturing plants are tasked with developing new products faster and using new materials. Key to the continued success of the semiconductor industry are inert gases, which include nitrogen and argon. When used safely, both nitrogen and argon play a number of important roles within the semiconductor ...

  • CFD Analysis of Gas Cooling

    In many industrial processes, hot gas is cooled down due to the evaporation (boiling) of sprayed droplets. The effects of two different atomizer types, inner mixing air atomizing nozzles and flow back nozzles, on the cooling behavior inside a spray tower for a typical flue gas are discussed. The heat and mass transfer is computed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The interaction between ...


    By Spraying Systems Co.

  • Headspace gas analysis video

    Why does headspace gas need to be measured? To check the continuity and quality of the gas supply to the packing machine, the efficiency of the flush/vacuum cycle and the integrity of the pack seal. To optimise gas usage and save costs. To meet customer headspace gas quality standards. ...


    By Systech Instruments Ltd

  • Sensitivity analysis in a simulated auto thermal Natural Gas reforming process

    Auto Thermal natural gas Reforming (ATR) is one of the mostly used conventional hydrogen generation technologies by the highly developed countries. ATR reactors do not need any direct or indirect heat exchanger, and that is why they are more compact and so preferable than the other reformers. In this study, a process including reformers, carbon dioxide sequestration and a cryogenic separation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Production of synthetic gasoline and diesel fuels by alternative processes using natural gas, coal and biomass: process simulation and economic analysis

    The problem of producing synthetic liquid fuels by alternative routes is addressed. Industrial processes known as Gas To Liquid (GTL), Coal To Liquid (CTL) and Biomass To Liquid (BTL) are considered: they use natural gas, coal and biomass as feedstocks, respectively. By means of process simulation, it is shown that the fuel produced on a weight basis per unit of feedstock (natural gas, coal and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • SPGAS: Specialty gas analysis software

    About SPGAS SPGAS is a user-friendly, turnkey FTIR software package designed specifically for the analysis of gaseous constituents. While providing all of the control features of a standard FTIR software package for Bomem spectrometers, SPGAS also provides the ability for 24/7/365 operation of the IRGAS analysis package. SPGAS is designed to save spectral files from each day of ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • The analysis of carbon dioxide in natural gas

    Abstract The composition of natural gas varies but consists mainly of methane and varying amounts of heavier aliphatic hydrocarbons, nitrogen and carbon dioxide ...

  • Comparison and analysis of the expansion process in a CO2 transcritical cycle

    The isentropic and isenthalpic expansion processes in a CO2 transcritical cycle were analysed thermodynamically. It was found that the effective refrigeration capacity of the cycle with the isentropic expansion process is higher than the cycle with the isenthalpic expansion process. The increment is slightly larger than the expansion work recovered because of the transcritical nature of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Leak detection in semiconductor fab gas processes

    Problem Statement Often times in semiconductor fabs moisture levels are monitored to ensure that products aren’t damaged by excess moisture in the process. If there are above normal levels of moisture, pinpointing the source of that moisture can be difficult. The moisture could be evolving from impurities in gas tanks or leaks in the sampling lines. One way to avoid downtime ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Total solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Global solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • FTIR gas analysis improves container safety

    Introduction Entry to freight containers represents a significant hazard to staff responsible for inspection, stuffing or destuffing because of the large number of airborne chemicals that can be present. Research in Germany and the Netherlands found hazardous levels of gases and vapours in around 20% of all containers and this level of contamination is now accepted as commonplace. It ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • New gas calibration method eases TOC analysis

    LAR Process Analysers AG of Berlin,  Germany expanded the range of feaiures of its measuring device QuickTOC, which facilitates the monitoring of ultra pure and cooling water, boiler feed and condensate measurement, and industrial wastewaters. For many years, the Berlin company lias been developing, high quality measuring devices and processes for the TOC analysis of condensates and boiler ...


    By LAR Process Analysers AG

  • Gas cell selection for analysis of electronic gases

    APIMS and FTIR remain the preferred analytical tools for monitoring impurities in the electronic  specialty gases used by the semiconductor industry, although other tools such as CRDS are currently finding application in selected cases. FTIR spectroscopy offers the advantage of the simultaneous measurement of all gaseous species that exhibit dipole moment changes during vibrations at ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Exergy analysis and performance evaluation of CNG to LNG converting process

    A process for converting Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) to Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is modelled thermodynamically and effects of design and operating parameters on exergy destruction and performance of the process are studied. Results show that CNG pressure, pressure after Joule?Thomson valve, and temperature of CNG after heat exchanger of refrigerating system have significant effects on optimum ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Pitfalls of Process TOC analysis and how to avoid them case study

    Since the introduction of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) Analyzers by Dow, Union Carbide and Automated Environmental Systems in thel960,s,l-5\ they have proven to be an invaluable tool in the environmental and process monitoring fields. While technologies have advanced since then, certain performance characteristics required for true process control have been notably absent. The purpose of this paper ...


    By TOC Systems, Inc.

  • Sensitivity analysis on parameters and processes affecting vapor intrusion risk

    A one‚Äźdimensional numerical model was developed and used to identify the key processes controlling vapor intrusion risks by means of a sensitivity analysis. The model simulates the fate of a dissolved volatile organic compound present below the ventilated crawl space of a house. In contrast to the vast majority of previous studies, this model accounts for vertical variation of soil water ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Exergy analysis of the process of wet-process phosphoric acid production with full utilisation of sulphur contained in the waste phosphogypsum

    The wet-process phosphoric acid is produced by decomposition of phosphate raw materials with sulphuric acid. This gives a large amount of waste product-phosphogypsum. The thermochemical decomposition of phosphogypsum gives a gas rich in SO2. This gas is processed to obtain sulphuric acid, which is fed back into phosphoric acid production. The aim of this paper is to perform exergy analysis of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Multiple gas impurity analyses and verification for semiconductor process tools

    With the increased emphasis on the purity of cleaning, etching and treatment gases by the semiconductor industry, advanced analysis instrumentation is required to monitor the electronic specialty gases and to verify the performance of process tools and components. This paper describes new instrumentation and software specifically designed to accomplish ppb level gas analyses in times as short as ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

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