process hazard Articles

  • LED Applications for Oil and Gas Refining and Processing

    Oil and gas processing facilities are unsafe due to the existence of hazardous compounds during operations. When addressing such issues, companies in the sector may deploy explosion proof lighting systems to prevent the ignition of sparks created from the electrical equipment. The adoption of LED technology in oil and gas refineries has helped reinforce key safety measures associated with ...


    By Larson Electronics LLC

  • Processing Hazardous Waste

    AVA is one of the leading suppliers of machines and system solutions having its core competencies in mixing and drying of any kind and in any industry. One of AVA’s vital businesses lies in developing and supplying turn-key (mobile) plants for processing contaminated recyclables and wastes using high vacuum and/or high temperatures. Comprising the core elements ...


  • What is the difference between a REL and a PEL?

    There is often confusion between exposure limits put out by different agencies even within the same administration. For example, here the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) establishes Recommended Exposure Limits (RELs) whereas the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) issues Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs). Realizing the difference between the two is ...


    By ChemDAQ, Inc.

  • Case study - Monitoring the oxygen content in bio-methane-to-grid supply

    Since 1984, Orbital has provided advanced technology solutions for the natural gas industry. Orbital’s customers, including the National Grid and the UK's gas distribution networks, rely on its crucial engineering support and specialised knowledge. Its value-added services and innovative products reduce the time it takes to identify, design and begin cost-effective delivery of new ...


    By Systech Instruments Ltd

  • Transformational adaptation – when climate change means business as usual is no longer possible

    1. A lesson from the past Deep in the central Sahara, a crumbling mud-brick town sits at the edge of a dry lake bed. This is the medieval town of Germa, in southwestern Libya, one of a string of settlements along the Wadi al-Ajal, a valley defined by the towering dunes of the Ubari Sand Sea to the north, and the black cliffs of the Messak Settafet plateau to the south. Germa is romantic ...


    By Garama 3C Ltd

  • Treatment and Disposal of Air Pollution Control Residue

    What is APCr? Thermal waste management using Energy Recovery Facilities (ERFs) is now a well-managed and mature technology that is subject to environmental monitoring by a range of competent international bodies. These ERFs have been established as a means of diverting waste away from landfill disposal and for valorising the material and energy content of the waste. Counter to historic ...

  • Analyzer underpins growth of container inspection company

    After a career as a customs officer in the Netherlands, Wim van Tienen was well aware of the toxic gas hazards presented by some freight containers, so in 2009 he started a company, Van Tienen Milieuadvies B.V., offering gas analysis and safety advice. The company grew quickly and now employs 23 staff. Wim attributes a large part of this success to the advanced FTIR gas detection and analysis ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Flammable Hazards

    Flammable Hazards The difference between a gas and a vapor is that vapors arise from liquids, whereas gases are normally in a gaseous state. Flammable vapors present additional sampling concerns (for example, we must prevent vapors from returning to the liquid state during sampling). The 3 Elements of Fire Three elements must be present for a flammable ...

  • A New Apparatus for the Evaluation of Electro-Kinetic Processes in Hazardous Waste Management

    Possible uses of electro-kinetics for hazardous waste site remediation are being investigated. This paper describes a new apparatus which has been specifically designed, fabricated, and assembled to evaluate the viability, feasibility, practicality, and potential costs of these conceivable techniques experimentally. Results of studies on the existence of electro-osmotic flow in compacted clay and ...


    By ASTM International

  • Health Hazards of Welding

    At present, it is estimated that more than one million workers are employed as welders worldwide (Sundin, 1998), with more than three million performing welding intermittently as part of their work duties (Sferlazza and Beckett, 1991). Manual metal arc welding (MMAW) and flux core arc welding (FCAW) are two commonly used procedures in the construction industry and in numerous other industrial ...


    By Valahia University

  • Safety and hazards in CCS projects

    Carbon capture and storage is now on the technological tipping point – it has reached critical mass with one large-scale, fully integrated power project now almost operational at the SaskPower Boundary Dam project in Canada, using enhanced oil recovery. In the UK, following the announcements of progress at two projects, Peterhead and White Rose, the government’s competition process ...


    By Energy Institute (EI)

  • New Chemical hazards in the workplace

    In the days when Industrial Hygiene became a recognized scientific discipline, smoke stacks belched black smoke in River Rouge, MI and Pittsburgh, PA. Men worked in clouds of coal and asbestos dust and labor was hard, physical and usually dangerous. Personal protective equipment was rare; its use, even rarer and its protective effect marginal. Today, the face of manufacturing has changed ...


    By Atlantic Environmental, Inc.

  • Mold! Hazard or Hoax?

      Let me address the two issues in reverse order.  The Hoax The biggest hoax is the hysteria over the notorious black mold that grows on sheetrock.  This black mold is formally known as Stachybotrys chartarum or Stachybotrys atra.  The horror stories ...

  • Nanotechnology – what is it? are there hazards?

    This is the first of a series articles on the emerging field of Nanotechnology. What is it? In short – small! Very small! Very, very small! Nanotechnology comes from the prefix Nano which, in English, means 1/billionth, just as micro means 1/millionth. So Nanotechnology involves 2 things: 1) extremely small man-made materials – some even as small as 1 atom thick, ...


    By Atlantic Environmental, Inc.

  • Management of Hazardous Wastes

    ' Management of hazardous waste is a growing concern in many countries. The long-term impacts and costs of improper disposal can be very high and the emphasis must be on prevention. A comprehensive management system should include (i) policies, institutions and effective regulations and (ii) adequate and acceptable disposal facilities (either public or private). This note outlines the key ...


    By The World Bank

  • Washington: hazard standards

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) proposed on Sept. 30, 2009, to align the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) with provisions of the United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). The HCS requires chemical manufacturers and importers to evaluate chemical hazards and provide information to subsequent users. The standard now ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Toxic and Hazardous Materials in Electronics

    Untitled Document Introduction In October 2000 Environment Canada released a report called Information Technology (IT) and Telecommunications (Telecom) ...

  • Hazardous Waste Disposal

    Untitled Document Overview We're all aware of the importance of following safety precautions when we work with hazardous chemicals. ...


  • The Bioremediation Process

    Bioremediation allows natural processes to clean up harmful chemicals in the environment. Microscopic 'bugs' or microbes that live in soil and groundwater like to eat certain harmful chemicals, such as those found in gasoline and oil spills. When microbes completely digest these chemicals, they change them into water and harmless gases such as carbon dioxide. In order for microbes to clean up ...


  • Treatment of hazardous landfill leachate using Fenton process followed by a combined (UASB/DHS) system

    Fenton process for pre-treatment of hazardous landfill leachate (HLL) was investigated. Total, particulate and soluble chemical oxygen demand (CODt, CODp and CODs) removal efficiency amounted to 67%, 47% and 64%, respectively, at pH value of 3.5, molar ratio (H2O2/Fe2+) of 5, H2O2 dosage of 25 ml/L and contact time of 15 min. Various treatment scenarios ...


    By IWA Publishing

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