process measurement instrumentation Articles

  • Using Anaerobic Biomass Digestion to Produce Hydrogen and Biofuel

    For many years, hydrogen has been considered as an alternative to fossil fuels. Now, Scientists are aiming to develop an environmentally friendly method to produce hydrogen from biomass by optimizing anaerobic digestion systems.1 Climate change, dwindling fuel resources and energy prices have spearheaded intensive efforts to detect and optimize ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • Development and Application of Oxygen Demand Testing using Industrial Effluent - Case Study

    Abstract The purpose of this study is to develop capacity and protocols for oxygen demand testing that can be used for instruction and research within the BioScience Technology program. For application purposes we chose the PeCOD® Analyzer which offers a unique nanotechnology-based approach to Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) analysis. Background ...


    By MANTECH

  • Digital sensors are revolutionising process measurement technology

    Summary Digital sensors connected to standard controllers simplify the installation and operation of process measurement technology and cut investment costs, as far fewer controllers are needed. Entry into this “digital world” is simplified by analogue input cards, which can be used to integrate existing measuring instruments. No matter how the demands on the plant technology change, the ...


  • New Process Gas Analyzer for the Measurement of Water Vapor

    KEYWORDS TDLAS, WMS, Laser Spectroscopy, Water Vapor Measurement, Gas Analyzer ABSTRACT A new analyzer for the measurement of water vapor concentration based on Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS) was developed. The water-vapor line at 1854-nm was selected for the measurement, and the performance of the system was evaluated on different ...

  • Measuring the impact of voluntary environmental protection instruments: perceptual vs. archival techniques

    The use of voluntary environmental protection instruments is expanding significantly around the world. Although there is a large literature dealing with what drives companies to adopt voluntary instruments, there has been relatively little research on the impact that some of these tools have on the actual environmental performance of companies. The existing literature in this area presents ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Real Time Measurments of Acetylene in Ethylene Manufacturing Process

    Keywords Tunable Diode Laser, Wavelength Modulation Spectroscopy, Analyzer, Acetylene, Ethylene, Acetylene Converter Abstract The analyzer, based on near infrared Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS), was developed for the measurement of acetylene in process streams. Measurements of acetylene were made as under laboratory conditions and in ...

  • Instrument air case study

    Application Moisture is measured in instrument air to ensure that the air is properly dried. Problem Instrument air is used through-out a facility to protect delicate electronics, instruments, and to operate key process actuators. Many instruments also use instrument air to operate various pneumatic operators they might possess. Too frequently, there is ...

  • A novel spectrometer design for process and handheld infrared spectral measurements

    Introduction Infrared spectroscopy offers many unique advantages for measurements within an industrial environment. Historically, the technique has been used for a broad range of applications from the composition of gas and liquid mixtures to the analysis of trace components for gas purity analysis. In cases where a well-defined method of analysis is involved, such as the measurement of ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Efficiency of Process Measurement Technology for Determining Nutrient Parameters – Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow

    Abstract The costs and benefits of process measurement instruments in sewage treatment plants were the subject of intensive debate in the 1990s. Cost-benefit studies, comparing the potential savings in energy, consumables and personnel with the additional costs of using the instruments, resulted in recommendations specifying the minimum sewage treatment plant size at which the use of such ...


  • Analytical Devices for the Measurement of Water Vapor in the Natural Gas Process and Transmission Industry

    ABSTRACT The determination of water vapor (and water dew point) is crucial in the processing, custody transfer and transport of natural gas. High levels of water vapor in a natural gas stream can lead to a number of problems which include the formation of hydrates and the contribution to freezing and corrosion of plant and equipment. There are a number of ways of determining the water vapor ...

  • Ultrasonic density measurement of uranium loaded organic phase in solvent extraction process

    The application of ultrasound technique in density determination of uranium loaded organic phase in solvent extraction can provide a unique solution for online density monitoring of process streams. Earlier various authors have investigated the density measurement of liquid by single ultrasound frequency. In general standard reference liquid (having low viscosity and density) is used for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Understanding Oil-in-Water Instrument Specifications

    The measurement capabilities of oil-in-water analysis methods are described by several analytical figures-of-merit. Examples are: Range (Linear and Dynamic) Limit of Detection (LOD) Limit of Quantification (LOQ) Precision (Repeatability and Reproducibility) Sensitivity Accuracy Response Time Some or all of these are often specified by customers in the bid packages issued when selecting a ...

  • Wastewater Level Measurement Techniques

    Level monitoring and control is a fundamental requirement in any wastewater treatment process. You will find level instrumentation installed at even the simplest treatment plants for pump control, chemical storage tanks and process level controls or alarms. Operators have only limited or emergency control over treatment plant influent, so level controls and instrumentation play an important role ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Bed Level Measurement

    Numerous studies and papers have been devoted to the subject of thickener design and operation to achieve specified throughput and discharge densities. Mathematical models have been developed that present methods for sizing thickeners and predicting performance under varying process conditions. The compression effect of deeper beds on dewatering performance is a recognized phenomenon. This is one ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Tekran instruments—monitoring around the world

    Tekran provides trace-level mercury analytical and monitoring technology for a variety of applications including laboratory-based sample analysis, continuous point-source emissions and ambient air monitoring. This article focuses on and highlights the results of an application of Tekran’s Ambient Air Mercury Speciation System. In contrast to most other heavy metals, mercury (Hg) and mercury ...

  • ppm Dissolved oxygen measurement

    Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) levels are used as a general indicator of water quality. Oxygen is essential to life and vital for countless aquatic forms. D.O. level control is critical in numerous applications ranging from the monitoring of industrial waste water to environmental surveillance. What is Dissolved Oxygen? Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) is the amount of oxygen gas dissolved in a ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Measuring level by weight

    Measuring level or inventory by weight provides high accuracy. The weight is not affected by ingredients that foam or settle unevenly or by changes in density or the shape of the tank. Weight is weight, regardless of percent solids, bridging, rat-holing, or whether your ingredient is conductive or sound-absorbing. Because weighing is a noncontact method of measuring level, there is no chance of ...


    By Hardy Process Solutions

  • Texas Instruments - A Novel Separation Technique for the Analysis of Trace Levels of Atmospheric Contaminants in Inert Semiconductor Process Gases

    A NOVEL SEPARATION TECHNIQUE FOR THE ANALYSIS OF TRACELEVELS OF ATMOSPHERIC CONTAMINANTS IN INERTSEMICONDUCTOR PROCESS GASES J. Scott McWilliams, Alan Johnson, Charlene Long, Jeremiah D. Hogan*Texas Instruments, Inc.Dallas, TX 75265 Low ppb detection limits for contamination in cylinder gases have been achieved with gas chromatography using a modified gas ...


    By Environics, Inc.

  • A measurement vision for the future

    Professor John Pethica is the National Physical Laboratory's (NPL) chief scientific adviser. He took up the role at the tail end of 2007 and here lays out his vision for the future of the UK’s National Measurement Institute. For thirty years I have worked across both public and private sectors, using cutting-edge science to establish new businesses and advise on public policy. This has taken me ...

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