process measurement instrumentation Articles

  • Industrial applications – Air analysis in clean air room - Case study

    Context & Challenges To ensure people’s safety and a good repeatability of industrial process, the analysis of ambient air is crucial. Especially, electronic boards are produced in clean air room by complex lithographic process using very reactive chemicals. The nature and concentration of volatile compounds can be different depending on the chemical process and can also vary ...


    By Chromatotec Group

  • How to investigate mercury in the oceans?

    Mercury is a highly toxic metal that affects the environment and can endanger people's health, as a powerful neurotoxin. The combustion of coal, waste and fuel are releasing hundreds of tons of heavy metal into the atmosphere annually, and its sediment enters to soil and water. Mercury measurements are part of the EU project "Global Mercury Observation System". The long-term goal of this ...


    By Lumex Instruments Group

  • Monitoring hydrocarbons in Bilge water - Case study

    The Situation Various processes onboard ships, such as machinery wash-down, maintenance, and leakage, generate oily wastewater. This contaminated water flow collects in the bilge of the ship. Marine diesel, lubricating oils, grease, as well as other contaminants may be present in bilge water. The bilge water is discharged overboard, with oil and grease concentrations in the discharged ...

  • Case Study: Monitoring Fuel Treatment with On-Site Fuel Analysis

    Version 8 of our industry leading SpectrOil Optical Emission Spectrometers offers significant performance improvements and enhanced productivity. In particular the sensitivity of the instrument has been improved markedly to allow detection of trace metals down to the part per billion (ppb) level. This capability is particularly important to power generators using liquid fuel, as high levels ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Digital sensors are revolutionising process measurement technology

    Summary Digital sensors connected to standard controllers simplify the installation and operation of process measurement technology and cut investment costs, as far fewer controllers are needed. Entry into this “digital world” is simplified by analogue input cards, which can be used to integrate existing measuring instruments. No matter how the demands on the plant technology change, the ...


  • New Process Gas Analyzer for the Measurement of Water Vapor

    KEYWORDS TDLAS, WMS, Laser Spectroscopy, Water Vapor Measurement, Gas Analyzer ABSTRACT A new analyzer for the measurement of water vapor concentration based on Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS) was developed. The water-vapor line at 1854-nm was selected for the measurement, and the performance of the system was evaluated on different ...

  • Real Time Measurments of Acetylene in Ethylene Manufacturing Process

    Keywords Tunable Diode Laser, Wavelength Modulation Spectroscopy, Analyzer, Acetylene, Ethylene, Acetylene Converter Abstract The analyzer, based on near infrared Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS), was developed for the measurement of acetylene in process streams. Measurements of acetylene were made as under laboratory conditions and in ...

  • Measuring the impact of voluntary environmental protection instruments: perceptual vs. archival techniques

    The use of voluntary environmental protection instruments is expanding significantly around the world. Although there is a large literature dealing with what drives companies to adopt voluntary instruments, there has been relatively little research on the impact that some of these tools have on the actual environmental performance of companies. The existing literature in this area presents ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Instrument air case study

    Application Moisture is measured in instrument air to ensure that the air is properly dried. Problem Instrument air is used through-out a facility to protect delicate electronics, instruments, and to operate key process actuators. Many instruments also use instrument air to operate various pneumatic operators they might possess. Too frequently, there is ...

  • A novel spectrometer design for process and handheld infrared spectral measurements

    Introduction Infrared spectroscopy offers many unique advantages for measurements within an industrial environment. Historically, the technique has been used for a broad range of applications from the composition of gas and liquid mixtures to the analysis of trace components for gas purity analysis. In cases where a well-defined method of analysis is involved, such as the measurement of ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Efficiency of Process Measurement Technology for Determining Nutrient Parameters – Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow

    Abstract The costs and benefits of process measurement instruments in sewage treatment plants were the subject of intensive debate in the 1990s. Cost-benefit studies, comparing the potential savings in energy, consumables and personnel with the additional costs of using the instruments, resulted in recommendations specifying the minimum sewage treatment plant size at which the use of such ...


  • Ultrasonic density measurement of uranium loaded organic phase in solvent extraction process

    The application of ultrasound technique in density determination of uranium loaded organic phase in solvent extraction can provide a unique solution for online density monitoring of process streams. Earlier various authors have investigated the density measurement of liquid by single ultrasound frequency. In general standard reference liquid (having low viscosity and density) is used for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analytical Devices for the Measurement of Water Vapor in the Natural Gas Process and Transmission Industry

    ABSTRACT The determination of water vapor (and water dew point) is crucial in the processing, custody transfer and transport of natural gas. High levels of water vapor in a natural gas stream can lead to a number of problems which include the formation of hydrates and the contribution to freezing and corrosion of plant and equipment. There are a number of ways of determining the water vapor ...

  • Understanding Oil-in-Water Instrument Specifications

    The measurement capabilities of oil-in-water analysis methods are described by several analytical figures-of-merit. Examples are: Range (Linear and Dynamic) Limit of Detection (LOD) Limit of Quantification (LOQ) Precision (Repeatability and Reproducibility) Sensitivity Accuracy Response Time Some or all of these are often specified by customers in the bid packages issued when selecting a ...

  • Tekran instruments—monitoring around the world

    Tekran provides trace-level mercury analytical and monitoring technology for a variety of applications including laboratory-based sample analysis, continuous point-source emissions and ambient air monitoring. This article focuses on and highlights the results of an application of Tekran’s Ambient Air Mercury Speciation System. In contrast to most other heavy metals, mercury (Hg) and mercury ...

  • Wastewater Level Measurement Techniques

    Level monitoring and control is a fundamental requirement in any wastewater treatment process. You will find level instrumentation installed at even the simplest treatment plants for pump control, chemical storage tanks and process level controls or alarms. Operators have only limited or emergency control over treatment plant influent, so level controls and instrumentation play an important role ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Bed Level Measurement

    Numerous studies and papers have been devoted to the subject of thickener design and operation to achieve specified throughput and discharge densities. Mathematical models have been developed that present methods for sizing thickeners and predicting performance under varying process conditions. The compression effect of deeper beds on dewatering performance is a recognized phenomenon. This is one ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Texas Instruments - A Novel Separation Technique for the Analysis of Trace Levels of Atmospheric Contaminants in Inert Semiconductor Process Gases

    A NOVEL SEPARATION TECHNIQUE FOR THE ANALYSIS OF TRACELEVELS OF ATMOSPHERIC CONTAMINANTS IN INERTSEMICONDUCTOR PROCESS GASES J. Scott McWilliams, Alan Johnson, Charlene Long, Jeremiah D. Hogan*Texas Instruments, Inc.Dallas, TX 75265 Low ppb detection limits for contamination in cylinder gases have been achieved with gas chromatography using a modified gas ...


    By Environics, Inc.

  • ppm Dissolved oxygen measurement

    Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) levels are used as a general indicator of water quality. Oxygen is essential to life and vital for countless aquatic forms. D.O. level control is critical in numerous applications ranging from the monitoring of industrial waste water to environmental surveillance. What is Dissolved Oxygen? Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) is the amount of oxygen gas dissolved in a ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • OTT ADC measurement - Germany

    Background As the open pit Cottbus Nord is making use of the water of the ponds in the protected landscape of Lakoma (a village 6 km from Cottbus) the Vattenfall Europe Mining AG (VEM) as owner of the pit was obligated to take compensation measurements. VEM entrusted the engineers of the gerstgraser Ingenieurbüro für Renaturierung (gIR) in Cottbus with the planning of the ...

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