process wastewater effluent Articles

  • Water Use and Reuse in Manufacturing

    Efficiency advances in wastewater reuse and desalination are bringing on-site treatment within reach of more manufacturing operations Three factors — climate, overuse, and pollution — are now propelling the manufacturing industry toward a sea change in its water use. Demand for fresh water is high and increasing. The U.S. Census Bureau has estimated that the U.S.  ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Chlorine Disinfection of Blended Wastewater Effluents

     KeywordsBlended Wastewater, Disinfection IntroductionFlow to publicly owned treatment works (POTWs) increases during wet weather events, due to intrusion of storm water into sanitary collection systems and use of combined sewer systems. When such flows exceed the hydraulic capacity of a POTW alternate flow management techniques must be employed to ensure that ...

  • Efficacy of Advanced Oxidation Processes for Elimination of Objectionable Contaminants from Wastewater Effluent

     ABSTRACT Increasing demand for reclaimed water from wastewater treatment facilities has revolutionized the need for awareness of effluent quality and its properties. Wastewater can be made suitable for many reuse applications. Many of these applications for reclaimed water in industry, agriculture, and other beneficial uses have required stricter controls on the effluent quality from ...

  • Inactivation of bacteria and helminth in wastewater treatment plant effluent using oxidation processes

    The contamination of bodies of water by raw and even treated sewage is worrying because pathogens that affect public health and the environment are not fully eliminated in wastewater treatment systems. The disinfection step is an important barrier to adopt to reduce this contamination. However, widely used disinfectants such as chlorine do not guarantee the inactivation of resistant organisms ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Final effluent monitors protect wastewater treatment efficiency

    Southern Water operates 370 wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), many of which are unmanned for most of the time and most have numeric environmental permits, so a network of online monitors has been established to improve treatment and protect discharge compliance. This has involved the installation of final effluent monitors at over 300 sites in a programme that has lasted for more than ten ...


  • Upgrading effluent quality with a plastic media based process

    Wastewater treatment plant retrofits worldwide are motivated by two main developments: changes in effluent quality regulations, population growth in certain areas. In recent years, the EU (under directive EEC/271/91) and US (Section 304A of the Clean Water Act) have launched programs for nutrient removal in all ...

  • Shrimp Processing Wastewater Treatment

    These jars show the treatibility with Floccin J and wastewater from cooked shrimp. The initial untreated water had a TSS of 1,230 ppm and a BOD of 3,000 ppm. The addition of 0.10 grams of Floccin J in 100ml (8.34 lbs/1,000 gallons) created a tight flock and a very clean effluent water quality. The treated TSS was less than 10 ppm and the BOD was 200 ppm. There was a significant amount of oil ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Optimization of Fenton process for decoloration and COD removal in tobacco wastewater and toxicological evaluation of the effluent

    Decoloration and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal in tobacco wastewater by Fenton process has been optimized under 25 ± 2 °C. The results showed that the optimal range of conditions were pH 4.13–4.66, Fe2+ 0.29–0.34 g/L and H2O2 ≥ 2.73 g/L. Within this range, up to 95% of colour and 90% of COD was removed. In an enlarged system, setting the optimal conditions as pH 4.50, Fe2+ 0.34 g/L and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recent Papers on Industrial Effluents

    This study offers a solution for reducing the environmental effect of wastewaters generated by the olive-oil industry. Olive-oil companies produce variable quantities of wastewaters, which require treatment for disposal or reuse. Today, regulations are becoming increasingly strict regarding the parameters measured in these effluents. In Spain, the resolution by the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A pilot scale comparison of advanced oxidation processes for estrogenic hormone removal from municipal wastewater effluent

    This study investigates the oxidation of selected endocrine disrupting compounds (estrone, 17β-estradiol, estriol and 17α-ethinylestradiol) during ozonation and advanced oxidation of biologically treated municipal wastewater effluents in a pilot scale. Selected estrogenic substances were spiked in the treated wastewater at levels ranging from 1.65 to 3.59 μg · ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Advanced treatment of effluents from an industrial park wastewater treatment plant by ferrous ion activated persulfate oxidation process

    The advanced oxidation technology, ferrous ion (Fe(II)) activated persulfate (PS) producing sulfate radicals, was used for the advanced treatment of effluent from an integrated wastewater treatment plant in a papermaking industrial park. Separate and interactive effects of PS dosage, Fe(II)/PS ratio and initial pH on chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal were analyzed by the response surface ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Poultry Processing Facility Wastewater Treatment

    This chicken slaughter and processing facility has a wastewater system that treats 1.2 MGD. Their process uses ferric chloride as the coagulant, caustic to stabilize the pH and an anionic polymer prior to separation in the DAF units. The facility also does some further processing with addition of seasoning and brines which add TDS/EC to the water. The ferric/anionic polymer combination is ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Reusing effluent of flue gas desulfurization wastewater treatment process as an economical calcium source for phosphorus removal

    Flue gas desulfurization (FGD) wastewater treatment by conventional neutralization, chemical precipitation and coagulation process removes most suspended solids and heavy metals, and provides an effluent rich in calcium, alkalinity and chloride, which obstructs its reclamation and reuse but is in favor of phosphorus (P) precipitation. The goals of this study were to investigate feasibility of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of cadmium from industrial effluents by electrocoagulation process using iron electrodes

    Heavy metal species are some of the most common pollutants that are found in industrial wastewaters. Because of their toxicity, these species can have a serious impact if released into the environment as a result of bioaccumulation, and they may be extremely toxic even in trace quantities. One such a heavy metal, cadmium, along with its compounds, is widely used in pigments, as heat stabilizers ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Meat Processing Wastewater Case Study

    Nordfjord Kjott R.A. - Meat Processing Plant - Stryn, Norway The Challenge:  Located deep in the mountains of Stryn,, the original plant consisted of an inlet pump station and Salsnes filter for pretreatment, fat removal and a Salsnes filter for post treatment.  The plant also had 8 concrete tanks which were not in use.  The municipality was faced with equivilent loading ...


    By Biowater Technology AS

  • Treatment of dyeing effluent from tannery using membrane separation processes

    Treatment of a dyeing bath of a tannery was carried out using a hybrid membrane-based separation scheme consisting of Nanofiltration (NF) followed by Reverse Osmosis (RO). Experiments were conducted using a cross-flow cell in continuous mode. The performance criteria of the separation scheme were evaluated in terms of dye concentration, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biological Oxygen Demand ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • System for bioremediation of effluents

    Executive Summary The remediation process of commercial, municipal, industrial and agricultural wastewaters has employed combinations of sulfuric acid, caustic, petroleum based solvents and synthetic emulsifiers, which are either toxic or generally non-biodegradable. An alternate method using naturally occurring microorganisms has been utilized for many years to facilitate the remediation ...


    By NCH Corporation

  • Membrane filtration of municipal wastewater effluents for implementing agricultural reuse in southern Italy

    Membrane filtration was investigated at field scale in order to assess its effectiveness for reusing municipal effluents in agriculture. The study was started on April 2002 and ended on September 2007, as part of a national R&D project (AQUATEC). Preliminary results, which we already reported elsewhere, concerned the first two project years while this paper refers to the subsequent period. Three ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Photocatalytic inactivation of E. faecalis in secondary wastewater plant effluents

    Photocatalytic inactivation of Enterococcus faecalis using TiO2 suspensions was investigated and compared to the inactivation of the most commonly used faecal indicator strain Escherichia coli. In contrast to the inactivation in pure deionized water, disinfection of effluents from the biological process of an urban wastewater plant showed a longer initial lag phase and higher ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Advanced treatment of Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) effluents for effective wastewater reclamation

    One of the two main objectives of this work is to oxidize MBR effluents with ozone/peroxide in high pH conditions in order to improve oxidation of pharmaceuticals, which could efficiently be rejected by the nanofiltration (NF) stage. The other main objective is to effectively oxidize of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in MBR effluents in order to decrease fouling in the filtration stage. In this ...


    By IWA Publishing

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