process water disinfection Articles

  • A comparison of disinfection performance and cost for various process combinations to disinfect reclaimed water

    For reclaimed water disinfection, pathogen reduction to acceptable public health risk levels is the primary objective. A second emerging objective is the ability to destroy trace pollutants (endocrine disrupters (EDCs), pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs)) at a reasonably low cost. The WateReuse Foundation’s Innovative Reclaimed Water Treatment Project (WRF 02-009) is searching for ...

  • Effects of tap water processing on the concentration of disinfection by-products

    Aim: This study examined the effects on disinfection by-product (DBP) concentrations of common household methods for processing drinking water.Methods: We investigated the effects of refrigerator storage, jug filtering, boiling in an electric kettle, and supply from an instant boiling water unit, with or without filtering, on four species of trihalomethanes (THMs) and nine species of haloacetic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of ultraviolet disinfection and advanced oxidation process for reclaimed water treatment of microcontaminants

    KEY WORDS Innovative Treatment, Advanced Oxidation, Reclaimed Water, Ultraviolet light, Peroxide, Disinfection, Microcontaminants INTRODUCTION Many regions of the United States, experiencing rapid population growth and faced with the challenge of meeting increased water demands, are turning to reclaimed water as an alternative water ...

  • Sequential chlorination for reclaimed water disinfection

    ABSTRACT The Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County (Districts) operate seven tertiary water reclamation plants (WRPs) with a combined treatment capacity of approximately 200 million gallons per day (MGD). Chloramination is used at these WRPs for effluent disinfection. It was recently discovered that chloramination results in formation of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), a compound with ...

  • Reduction of microbial risk associated with greywater by disinfection processes for irrigation

    Greywater is one of the most important alternative sources for irrigation in arid and semi-arid countries. However, the health risk associated with the microbial contents of these waters limits their utilization. Many techniques have been developed and used to generate a high microbiological quality of greywater. The main problem in the treatment of greywater lies in the nature of pathogenic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ozone disinfection: main parameters for process design in wastewater treatment and reuse

    Wastewater disinfection by ozone was investigated at pilot and full scale on different wastewater effluents and two types of ozone reactors. It was demonstrated that water quality and, in particular, suspended solids and organic content strongly influence the required ozone dose for a given level of disinfection. The increase in contact time and residual ozone concentration did not improve the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of the UV disinfection process in bacteria and amphizoic amoebae inactivation

    Abstract: Every year around 3.4 million people die from water-related diseases, mainly amoebiasis and diarrhoea caused by bacteria. The assessment of the efficiency of a UV light disinfection process in the inactivation of indicators, pathogen bacteria and amphizoic amoebae in a secondary treated effluent was carried out. Wastewater was irradiated with different doses of UV light using a ...

  • Disinfection by-product occurrence in selected European waters

    In this paper we report the findings of a European survey of regulated and emerging disinfection by-products (DBPs) in drinking waters in selected regions that were part of epidemiology studies. The levels of DBPs found reflected the diverse regions from which the samples were collected, the different treatment/disinfection processes and the different source waters. In addition to a wide range ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Computational modeling of ultraviolet disinfection

    The efficient design of ultraviolet light (UV) systems for water and wastewater treatment requires detailed knowledge of the patterns of fluid motion that occur in the disinfection channel. This knowledge is increasingly being obtained using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software packages that solve the equations governing turbulent fluid-flow motion. In this work, we present predictions of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Solar disinfection of natural waters with modified solar concentrators

    Solar water disinfection is a proven method for household purification of drinking water. Compound parabolic collectors (CPCs) have been used to enhance the inactivation rate of microorganisms. In the present study, a modified CPC with a higher concentration ratio of 1.1 was employed to further speed up the process. A large number of tests were conducted with water samples collected from ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treating Taste & Odor and Disinfecting Drinking Water with UV

    Cornwall is a city of nearly 60,000 people in Ontario, Canada. It is located on the St. Lawrence River, approximately 1,700 km from the Atlantic Ocean and 2,000 km from Lake Ontario. The city draws its drinking water from the St. Lawrence, a reliable and generally good-quality source. However, in the late summer and early fall, dying algae from algae blooms during the warmest months often ...

  • An antimicrobial polycationic sand filter for water disinfection

    A new sand filtration water disinfection technology is developed which relies on the antimicrobial properties of hydrophobic polycations (N-hexylated polyethylenimine) covalently attached to the sand's surface. The efficacy of the filter disinfection process was evaluated both with water spiked with E. coli and with real aqueous effluent from a wastewater treatment plant. For the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Electrochemically activated water as an alternative to chlorine for decentralized disinfection

    Electrochemically activated (ECA) water is being extensively studied and considered as an alternative to chlorine for disinfection. Some researchers claim that ECA is by and large a chlorine solution, while others claim the presence of reactive oxygen species such as ozone and hydroxyl radicals in addition to chlorine. This study compares sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and ECA in terms of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biocidal Poly(styrenehydantoin) beads for disinfection of water

    Introduction Work in these laboratories since 1980 has focused on the development of novel biocidal N-halamine derivatives. 1 Water-soluble cyclic N-halamine derivatives such as 1,3-dihalo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin and halogenated isocyanurates (e.g., Trichlor and Dichlor) have been employed as biocides for industrial and recreational water uses for many years, but the water-soluble ...


    By DelAgua Group

  • Comparison of indicator bacteria inactivation by the ultraviolet and the ultraviolet/hydrogen peroxide disinfection processes in humic waters

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate responses of potential indicator bacteria (i.e. Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis) to the ultraviolet (UV) radiation and the UV/hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) disinfection processes of surface waters with different qualities in terms of humic content. The UV and the UV/H2O2 processes were applied to waters ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of ultrasound technology for the disinfection of process water and the prevention of biofilm formation in a pilot plant

    In this study, we investigated the use of ultrasound for the disinfection of process water as an alternative for more traditional techniques, like chlorination and UV-irradiation. A pilot plant was constructed to mimic circulating process water in industrial environments. The disinfection efficiency of ultrasound was assessed and compared to UV-treatment and chlorination. In addition, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Grundfos reference – disinfection case study

    First SELCOPERM unit installed within the Czech Republic to serve for potable water disinfection through the electrical chlorination method ŽLUTICE, Czech Republic: 1/3 of the total capacity of the waterworks at Žlutice has been designed for supplying drinking water to a group of communities found within the catchment area of Žlutice (approximate population of 14,000), the remaining 2/3 ...


  • The Benefits Of UV Disinfection In The Pharmaceutical Industry

    The quality standards required for purified water in the production of pharmaceuticals have never been stricter, with manufacturers having to conform to an ever increasing number of international standards. Craig Howarth, Managing Director of Hanovia Limited, introduces a number of interesting new developments in UV technology for disinfection and dechlorination. ...

  • A Regulatory Perspective on Maintenance of Disinfection Systems

    ABSTRACTThe Clean Water Act contains requirements to set water quality standards for all contaminants, including bacterial contaminants, in surface waters. Wastewater treatment cannot be expected to remove all of the bacterial contaminants, and as a result, many organisms remain in the waste stream. Therefore, disinfection of treated wastewaters is designed to reduce bacterial numbers to a safe ...

  • Lighting the way for disinfection - Case study

    Pharmaceuticals manufacturing involves the handling of powders and volatile, flammable solvents such as iso-propanol. Consequently there is every opportunity for explosive atmospheres to form. Where this is the case, the Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 (DSEAR) require that new equipment and protective systems must be selected on the basis of the requirements set ...


    By atg UV Technology

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