process water membrane Articles

  • Industrial membrane processes in the treatment of process waters and liquors

    A review on pulp and paper industrial membrane processes using a variety of modules and processes is presented. Membranes are mostly used today to purify process waters and to recover coating colours. Ultrafiltration using tubular membrane modules or cross-rotational (CR) filtration has been widely applied for the purification of process waters. The reuse of UF membrane permeate has decreased the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane processing for water treatment in the semiconductor industry

    It is the aim of high-purity water production to either fully eliminate organic and ¡florganic compounds, particles, and microorganisms from the water or to reduce their concentrations to values below the detection limits of the most advanced analysis methods. Currently, this problem is solved by means of a multi-stage process chain, in which membrane technology ...

  • Efficiency and reliability of membrane processes in a water reclamation plant

    Performance of a water reclamation plant using ultrafiltration (UF) and reverse osmosis (RO) treating 280,000 m3/d of wastewater was evaluated over 1 year. Statistical analyses were performed on flow rate, temperature, pH, total suspended solids (TSS), total dissolved solids (TDS), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) and total coliforms. Variations in flow rates coincided with those in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of membrane processes in fractionation of elements in river water

    The influence of wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluents from one microelectronic industrial zone on element concentrations and partitioning in river water was investigated. The stepwise membrane filtration is used to distinguish different size fractions including large particulate (>18 μm), particulate (0.2–18 μm), colloidal/nanoparticle (10 kDa–0.2 μm) and truly dissolved fractions ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Brackish water treatment for reuse using vacuum membrane distillation process

    The availability of fresh water is vital for all human activities and in particular for improving living conditions, health and overall well-being. Pressure on scarce fresh water resources can be reduced by treating and reusing brackish water by advanced membrane treatment technologies. In this study, brackish water originating from effluent discharge of a local coal mine, seawater, groundwater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ceramic membranes for water treatment

    Ceramic membranes, different in pore size and membrane material, were applied to remove particulate and dissolved matter from different spent filter backwash water types as well as from dam water. The study was conducted in pilot scale under conditions typical for waterworks at a dam water treatment plant. A comparison of different ceramic membranes implied that total membrane resistance was more ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane Distillation and Applications for Water

    SummaryWater treatment is an important auxiliary process in all thermal cogeneration plants. In this context membrane distillation (MD) is a novel technology that is potentially advantageous to technologies like reverse osmosis in the following ways: ability to utilize low-grade heat, reduced sensitivity to fluctuations in pH or salt concentrations, and lower capital and O&M costs. This ...


    By Xzero AB

  • Removal of inorganic anions from drinking water supplies by membrane bio/processes

    This paper is designed to provide an overview of the main membrane-assisted processes that can be used for the removal of toxic inorganic anions from drinking water supplies. The emphasis has been placed on integrated process solutions, including the emerging issue of membrane bioreactors. An attempt is made to compare critically recently reported results, reveal the best existing membrane ...


    By Springer

  • Full-scale experience with the membrane bioreactor-reverse osmosis water reclamation process

    The Gippsland Water Factory (GWF), owned and operated by Gippsland Water in south eastern Australia, is a 35,000 m3/day water reclamation facility which treats 16,000 m3/day of domestic wastewater and 19,000 m3/day of industrial (pulp and paper) wastewater through parallel membrane-bioreactor (MBR)-based treatment trains prior to discharge to the Pacific Ocean via the Regional ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hybrid Membrane assisted processes for organic micropollutant removal in water reuse scenarios

    Organic micropollutants (OMPs) are a category of recently detected chemicals or emerging contaminants found in freshwater sources, natural water bodies, water treatment effluents and soil sediments at relatively low concentrations but are proven to have the potential of severe health risk to humans and aquatic life.They constitute a wide range of chemicals used in Pharmaceuticals and Personal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membranes for oxygen removal in 300mm semiconductor processing

    Membrane contractors are widely used in the semiconductor industry to control the dissolved gas levels in high purity water. They have been commercially available for almost 10 years and the technology has rapidly advanced to meet the demanding needs of the semiconductor industry. The industry is in the midst of moving to 300-millimeter (mm) wafer sizes, while at ...

  • Application of forward osmosis membrane technology for oil sands process-affected water desalination

    The extraction process used to obtain bitumen from the oil sands produces large volumes of oil sands process-affected water (OSPW). As a newly emerging desalination technology, forward osmosis (FO) has shown great promise in saving electrical power requirements, increasing water recovery, and minimizing brine discharge. With the support of this funding, a FO system was constructed using a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of polymeric membrane filtration of oil sands process water on organic compounds quantification

    The interaction between organic fractions in oil sands process-affected water (OSPW) and three polymeric membranes with varying hydrophilicity (nylon, polyvinylidene fluoride and polytetrafluoroethylene) at different pHs was studied to evaluate the impact of filtration on the quantification of acid-extractable fraction (AEF) and naphthenic acids (NAs). Four functional groups predominated in OSPW ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane fouling

    The Problem: Membrane water treatment is costly and complex due to the systems required to mitigate membrane fouling. Membranes have, therefore, been relegated to high value applications such as desalination and ultra-pure water needs. The systems used to mitigate fouling have a history of underperformance and high cost. EconoPure Solution: EconoPure has ...


    By EconoPure Water Systems, LLC

  • Carbon nanotube membrane for water desalination

    This is a review of carbon nanotube membranes with an emphasis on their water desalination applications. Particular attention is given to carbon nanotube preparation, types and properties. The concept of desalination in the context of carbon nanotubes is discussed. The different processes for the manufacture of carbon nanotube membranes are electric arc discharge, laser ablation and Chemical ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Membrane filtration

    Membrane is a thin layer of material that is capable of separating compounds as a function of physical and chemical properties when a driving force is applied across the membrane, which has been widely used in a wide range of applications in water industry [1]. Membrane can be classified by the range of compounds separated and the driving forces employed. For example, microfiltration (MF), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Infectious risk assessment of reclaimed water by UF membrane treatment process focusing attention on norovirus

    The aim of this study was to propose a risk assessment method for infectious diseases, using reclaimed water as a case study. To evaluate the infectious risk of norovirus (NoV) in various applications of the reclaimed water, five types of ultrafiltration (UF) membrane treatments were considered: (1) coagulation with low pH + UF membrane process, (2) UF membrane process alone, (3) UF + ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Recovery from an Aluminum Can Manufacturing Process Using Spiral-Wound Membrane Elements

    Abstract A waste treatment unit has been designed to recover water and various components from an aluminum can manufacturing process. Due to the scarcity of water in the Middle East and its inherent cost, water recovery is both necessary and cost effective. The manufacturing process generates: 1) an 11,356 L/hr (50 gpm) aqueous stream contaminated with hydrofluoric acid, dissolved aluminum, and ...

  • Hybrid membrane process: Performance evaluation of biological PAC

    This study investigated the use of biological powdered activated carbon (PAC) for the removal of natural organic matter (NOM) and ammonia from drinking water. The impact of solids retention time (SRT), hydraulic retention time (HRT), PAC diameter and PAC concentration on the process efficiency was evaluated. Five bioreactors were filled with a slurry using two PAC concentrations (5 or 25 g l−1), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhanced membrane bioreactor process without chemical cleaning

    In membrane bioreactors (MBR) for wastewater treatment, the separation of activated sludge and treated water takes place by membrane filtration. Due to the small footprint and superior effluent quality, the number of membrane bioreactors used in wastewater treatment is rapidly increasing. A major challenge in this process is the fouling of the membranes which results in permeability decrease and ...


    By IWA Publishing

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