process water reuse Articles

  • Reusing water for industrial processes and irrigation in Saudi Arabia

    Water is a scarce resource in Saudi Arabia and the public administration and private companies implement water reuse whenever possible. A reverse osmosis plant installed in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia helps to treat industrial waste water streams to quality levels that permit water reuse for industrial applications and irrigation. Kemira KemGuard antiscalant is used to prevent deposit ...

  • Water Reuse Terminology

    All water on Earth is used and reused, over and over, in an elegant water cycle. Water reuse occurs in various ways on a daily basis. It happens when a community’s treated wastewater is discharged into rivers or other water bodies. If you live in a community downstream of another, chances are you are reusing water from an upstream town. Scientifically proven advances in water technology ...


    By WateReuse

  • Beyond the barriers of water reuse

    Water reuse may be the moment’s most talked about treatment industry topic. It’s no wonder that as drought persists in regions throughout the world without sign of subsiding, questions about how we can make the most of our water are being asked. An answer can be found in the ways that we apply membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology. As one of the most central components for water ...


    By Bio-Microbics, Inc.

  • New hurdles for water reuse

    In a letter dated January 19, 2005, the USDA-Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) indicated that if water is to be reused in a poultry processing facility, then this reuse water must be accounted for in the plant’s HACCP program. This requirement may cause some difficulties as processors consider the associated hazard analyses. When water is used to chill or rinse broiler carcasses, fat, ...


    By Zentox Corporation

  • Decentralized Water Reuse

    Water is an integral part of our society today. This vital resource is used in the operations of many industrial processes, human consumption, and for food production to name just a few. The increasing demands for water for agricultural, drinking and industrial processes has put significant strain on global fresh water supplies as the world's population continues to grow. In many parts of the ...

  • Reuse of Municipal/Industrial Secondary Eflluent for Water Reuse

    Abstract This paper presents results from pilot and demonstration studies conducted over the past two years at various locations around the world. All studies were conducted on municipal secondary effluent. Data includes: feed water quality, effluent quality (BOD, COD, bacteriological, SDI, others), membrane flux rate, water recovery percentage, membrane permeability, cleaning procedures, ...

  • Water Reuse Options for Industrial Plants

    Water can be a high cost commodity for an industrial operation.  In addition, industrial water consumption uses approximately 22% of water worldwide, a percentage that bothers water-conscious customers. To cut back on costs, as well as reduce environmental impact, industrial plants are considering water reuse. Plants have several options when it comes to water reuse, which  ...


    By KLa Systems, Inc.

  • Do You Need a Microfiltration or Ultrafiltration Membrane System for Your Plant?

    Determining whether or not an industrial plant needs a microfiltration (MF) and/or ultrafiltration (UF) membrane system isn’t always as straightforward as it seems. While these systems are not essential for every industrial process, when thoughtfully implemented within an intake, process, or waste stream, they can go a long way in improving a facility’s efficiency and/or cutting ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Hybrid Membrane assisted processes for organic micropollutant removal in water reuse scenarios

    Organic micropollutants (OMPs) are a category of recently detected chemicals or emerging contaminants found in freshwater sources, natural water bodies, water treatment effluents and soil sediments at relatively low concentrations but are proven to have the potential of severe health risk to humans and aquatic life.They constitute a wide range of chemicals used in Pharmaceuticals and Personal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Building/hotels – process water reuse application case studies

    Issue/Challenge A large resort in Mexico wanted to minimize the cost of their potable and process water used in their operations. The company had been using a single pass RO system from a well water source which provided permeate water to their water storage tank. This system was inefficient, producing only 50% of clean water production with the remaining 50% being sent to the municipal ...

  • Waste Water Recycle/Reuse Project (Industrial Process Waste Waster), India

    Handling Brewery effluents for recycle/reuse and bring that to discharge standard THE CLIENT United Breweries GrouporUB Groupis an Indianconglomeratecompany based in Bangalore United Breweries is India's largest producer of beer with amarket shareof around 48% by volume United Breweries now has greater than a 40% share of the Indian brewing market ...


    By WOG Technologies Inc.

  • Review of cost versus scale: water and wastewater treatment and reuse processes

    The US National Research Council recently recommended direct potable water reuse (DPR), or potable water reuse without environmental buffer, for consideration to address US water demand. However, conveyance of wastewater and water to and from centralized treatment plants consumes on average four times the energy of treatment in the USA, and centralized DPR would further require upgradient ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Brackish water treatment for reuse using vacuum membrane distillation process

    The availability of fresh water is vital for all human activities and in particular for improving living conditions, health and overall well-being. Pressure on scarce fresh water resources can be reduced by treating and reusing brackish water by advanced membrane treatment technologies. In this study, brackish water originating from effluent discharge of a local coal mine, seawater, groundwater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A Review on Stormwater Harvesting and Reuse

    Abstract - Australia is a country of some 7,700 million square kilometers with a population of about 22.6 million. At present water security is a major challenge for Australia. In some areas the use of water resources is approaching and in some parts it is exceeding the limits of sustainability. A focal point of proposed national water conservation programs is the recycling of both urban ...


    By XP Solutions

  • Drinking rainwater and reusing wastewater

    Decentralized systems for drinking water processing could make a significant  contribution to the Millennium Development Goals. With the water concept in “self”, Eawag has demonstrated that membrane technology offers the chance to do just that. Lack of drinking water hygiene is one of the main sources of disease transmission worldwide, and in many situations centralized plants ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of nanofiltration for reuse of wastewater

    The present research is a part of efforts to reuse wastewater by applying nanofiltration (NF) method for the secondary treatment of bio–treated wastewater and to check the quality of product water as irrigation water by using various analytical methods. For this, the performances of three different NF membranes (CK, GE–Osmonics; NF–270 and NF–90, Dow–FilmTech) were investigated using a cross–flow ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Overcoming Onsite Reuse Woes

    The buzz words “water reuse” are very pervasive in today’s culture.  Everyday we receive newspapers, e-newsletters and conference announcements that speak of drought, water shortages, global warming, discharge prohibitions and conservation.  The wastewater treatment plant at one Midwest municipality has proactively demonstrated its determination to do its conservation duty by reusing up ...


    By Orival, Inc.

  • Decision making and technology selection in water (reuse) applications

    In recent years, a large number of developed countries have considered water reuse schemes as a mandated alternative water resource to tackle water scarcity. With increasing knowledge on and understanding of the merits of water reuse in developing communities, a number of planned water reuse schemes have also been established (Chen et al., 2012; Fatta-Kassinos et al., 2011a). The range of water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A novel integrated assessment methodology of urban water reuse

    Wastewater is no longer considered a waste product and water reuse needs to play a stronger part in securing urban water supply. Although treatment technologies for water reclamation have significantly improved the question that deserves further analysis is, how selection of a particular wastewater treatment technology relates to performance and sustainability? The proposed assessment model ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of Advanced Water Treatment for Indirect Potable Reuse

    The City of San Diego (City) and MWH recently completed a 18-month pilot testing program to determine the effectiveness of a three-step Advanced Water Treatment (AWT) process to produce water suitable for indirect potable reuse from tertiary water produced at the North City Water Reclamation Plant (NCWRP). This testing program was conducted as part of the City’s Water Reuse Study, which was ...

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