produced water analysis Articles

  • Water treatment technology for produced water

    Large amounts of produced water are generated during oil and gas production. Produced water, as it is known in the oil industry, is briny fluid trapped in the rock of oil reservoirs. The objective of this study was to test produced waters from a Montana USA oilfield using a mobile station to design a plant to cost efficiently treat the produced water for agricultural irrigation. We used combined ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Different technology options for monitoring oil in produced water – inline continuous monitoring and IR analysis

    No offshore facility wants to be caught with a sheen around their platform as that can result in a costly fine for exceeding discharge permit limits for oil. Onboard oil in water analyzers are necessary to ensure the oil/water separation systems are functioning properly before overboard disposal of the produced water. Bench top analyzers have traditionally been used to test oil in water although ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Techniques for Oil in Water Analysis

    The people responsible for conducting oil in water measurements understand that the measurement can be quite challenging. Wastewater from different sources can contain many different types of hydrocarbons, each with different chemical make-ups. On top of the lack of chemical uniformity in different oils, there has been a ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Analysis of sludge aggregates produced during electrocoagulation of model wastewater

    This paper presents the results of the study of sludge aggregates produced during electrocoagulation of model wastewater of a composition corresponding to the effluents from the cellulose and paper industry. Wastewater was electrocoagulated statically using aluminium electrodes with a current density of 31.25 A m−2 and 62.50 A m−2. In subsequent stages of the treatment, sludge flocs were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High frequency monitoring needed to protect UK rivers - Case Study

    The science behind nutrient pollution in rivers is still poorly understood despite the fact that nitrate and phosphate concentrations in the UK’s rivers are mostly unacceptable, although an element of uncertainty exists about what an acceptable level actually is. Key to improving our understanding of the sources and impacts of nutrient pollution is high-resolution monitoring across a broad ...


    By OTT HydroMet

  • Measuring Oil and Grease in Produced Water - Case study

    INTRODUCTION When the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) developed the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) in the 1970s, oil and grease in produced water was one of the pollutants which was limited. Unlike other parameters, oil and grease is not a unique chemical entity, but is a mixture of chemical species that varies from source to source. It is ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Solvent-free oil-in-water analysis

    Non-ionic surfactants can homogenize oily, produced water samples, creating optically clear microemulsions that are ideal for fluorescence measurements [1]. The use of surfactants to reduce fouling and improve the performance of on-line, fluorescence-based, oil-in-water monitors has been reported previously [2,3]. This paper describes the use of surfactants to prepare discrete water samples ...

  • Measurement of Hydrocarbons in Produced Water Using Fiber Optic Sensor Technology (An Alternative to Freon Extraction and IR Analysis Methods)

    Due to the non-availability of Freon, there is need for an alternative method to measure the concentration of hydrocarbons in the effluent from oil water separators in use in the oil industry today. Current methods use solvent extraction and IR analysis of water samples. In this paper we present an alternative method, which does not use any solvents and can provide in-situ analysis of the ...


    By PetroSense, Inc

  • Advanced Treatment of Produced Water for Crop Irrigation - Case Study

    The Situation California is currently facing one of the most severe droughts in recorded history. In order to mitigate the drought conditions, various water conservation measures have already been implemented, and others are being considered. One method under consideration is using the advanced treatment of produced water to make it available for irrigation. A major challenge to ...

  • Emulsan analysis produced by locally isolated bacteria and acinetobacter calcoaceticus rag-1

    Emulsifiers are widely used in industry, e.g., in medical and cosmetic products and in food systems. They can be used as agents to combat oil spills on beaches and in the sea. The materials that are currently in use commercially as emulsifiers are mainly produced by chemical synthesis. There is a great interest in studying bioemulsiflers because they have some advantages, such as theft ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Two phase partitioning bioreactor applied to produced water treatment

    Produced waters are the largest waste associated with the production of oil and gas; they contain dissolved salts, oil (dissolved and scattered organic compounds), chemicals and additives involved in the oil well operations, suspended particles, sand and other compounds, making their treatment very complex. In this paper, we propose the use of a TPPB (two phase partitioning bioreactor) for the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A study on the quantities and potential use of produced water in southern Iraq

    This paper presents the results of an analysis of volumes and chemical composition of produced water (PW) accompanying oil production from five of the largest oilfields in the world situated in Basrah, Iraq. PW is potentially a valuable water resource particularly there where the ramp up of oil production puts further strains on water and the environment in an area already having severe water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of Potential Benficial Reuse of San Ardo Produced Water

    ABSTRACTThe goal of this DOE, Aera Energy LLC, and Kennedy/Jenks Consultants funded project was to evaluate the potential for treatment and beneficial reuse of produced water from an oilfield in San Ardo, California. A 10 - 30 gpm reverse osmosis (RO) pilot plant was constructed and operated for nine months. The key constituents of concern include total dissolved solids (7000 mg/l ...

  • Mercury Analysis

    Characteristics of Mercury What is Mercury? Mercury is a naturally occurring silver-colored metallic element noted for its occurrence as a liquid at room temperature and toxic to living organisms. This silvery, opaque liquid metal is very dense, yet has a high surface tension that causes it to form tiny perfect spheres in the pores of the rocks it is found in. It is ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Decision making for produced water management: an integrated multi–criteria approach

    Developments of effective produced water (PW) management strategies pose a challenge to the offshore petroleum industry. In this study three PW minimisation systems: down hole oil–water separation (A1), chemical water shut off (A2) and mechanical water shut–off (A3) were evaluated based on fourteen pre–selected criteria from environment, cost and technical point ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On line analysis of organic in water case study

    Introduction On line chemical analysis has been developed significantly thanks to digital electronics' use of microprocessors together with the application of sophisticated and accurate analytical techniques. The result of this combination is readily available technology which allows for on line performance of almost any analytical determination for quality control which is ...


    By TOC Systems, Inc.

  • Unaccounted for water and the performance of water utilities: an empirical analysis from India

    Conventional benchmarking measures focus mainly on water produced whilst ignoring water produced but not reaching consumers, unaccounted for water (UFW). Benchmarking must credit utilities for a reduction in UFW and improvements in service delivery. This study measures the performance of 20 urban water utilities using data from an Asian Development Bank survey of Indian water utilities in 2005. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water 2014

    The UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water report is produced by the World Health Organization (WHO) on behalf of UN-Water. It provides a global update on the policy frameworks, institutional arrangements, human resource base, and international and national finance streams in support of sanitation and drinking water. It is a substantive input into the activities ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water 2012

    The UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water report is produced every two years by the World Health Organization (WHO) on behalf of UN-Water. It provides a global update on the policy frameworks, institutional arrangements, human resource base, and international and national finance streams in support of sanitation and drinking water. It is a substantive input into ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Musty odor producing benthic cyanobacteria in the Tama River (Japan) and identification of species by genetic analysis

    In upstream reaches of the Tama River, musty odor substance (2-methylisoborneol (2-MIB)) began to be detected in 2008 and the concentration has been increasing thereafter. Then, in 2012, 2-MIB in raw water of a water treatment plant reached 210 ng/L. It was suspected that cause of musty odor was benthic cyanobacteria (Phormidium) which attached to stones on the riverbed. However, ...


    By IWA Publishing

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