produced water secondary treatment Articles

  • Evaluation of hybrid treatments to produce high quality reuse water

    Four tertiary hybrid treatments to produce high quality reused water, fulfilling Brazilian drinking water regulations, from a slaughterhouse's secondary treated effluent were evaluated. The pilot plant with a capacity of 500 L h−1 was set up and consisted of these stages: pre-filtration system (cartridge filter 50 micron, activated carbon filter, cartridge filter 10 micron), oxidation (H2O2) or ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Synergistic application of advanced primary and secondary wastewater treatment systems

    Published in Water and Waste Digest membrane issue, November 2008 Miroslav Colic; Chief Scientist, Clean Water Technology Inc., Los Angeles, CA To be published in Water and Waste Digest later this year The increased regulatory pressures and demand for reused water stimulated development of several new wastewater technologies in the last decade. Advanced treatment systems are ...

  • Effect of Secondary Aerobic Digestion on Properties of Anaerobic Digested Biosolids

    ABSTRACTIn this study, the performance of sequential anaerobic-aerobic digestion was compared to conventional anaerobic digestion for sludge from the Blue Plains Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant. Volatile solids removal, polymer conditioning demand for dewatering, and biosolids odor characteristics following anaerobic digestion and sequential anaerobic-aerobic digestion were monitored. Aerobic ...

  • Flocculation-Flotation vs. MBR for High MLSS Secondary Clarification

    Abstract Rendering plants produce high strength wastewater with high TSS, FOG, BOD and TKN. At one such plant it was decided to install a primary DAF followed by an anaerobicanoxic-aerobic treatment system for TSS, FOG, TKN and BOD removal. Since wastewater is a high strength (TSS up to 10,000, FOG up to 3,000, TKN up to 350 and BOD up to 6,000 mg/l, respectively, bioreactors will produce ...

  • Water Treatment Equipment Markets in China

    China’s demand for Water Treatment Equipment has grown at a fast pace in the past decade. In the next decade, both production and demand will continue to grow. The Chinese economy maintains a high speed growth which has been stimulated by the consecutive increases of industrial output, import & export, consumer consumption and capital investment for over two decades. This new study ...

  • Waste Water Treatment Processes Explained

    SUNCOAST WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT  presents  AEROBIC -verses- ANAEROBIC THE AEROBIC PROCESS There are two basic types of sewerage treatment processes, which are the Aerobic process and the Anaerobic process. Aerobic means with air or oxygen and Anaerobic (septic) means without air or oxygen. Aerobic bacteria are a higher life form and when digesting waste are utilising dissolved oxygen or air in ...

  • Producing High-Purity Recycled Water for Industrial Applications with Microfiltration and Reverse Osmosis: Lessons Learned

    ABSTRACTThe East Bay Municipal Utility District (District), with the assistance of Black & Veatch, studied the feasibility of treating secondary and tertiary effluents using microfiltration (MF) followed by reverse osmosis (RO) to produce high-purity, recycled water for use as boiler make-up water at a local refinery. A pilot-scale test program was developed to demonstrate the ability of the ...

  • Phosphorus Speciation Provides Direction to Produce 10 μg/L

    ABSTRACT Increasing demand to achieve very low effluent total phosphorus due to more stringent discharge limits have raised questions on the limits of available technologies and presented challenges of how to further the removal of phosphorus to extremely low levels (e.g 10 μg/L). This study investigated the phosphorus speciation in effluents from various available technologies, ...

  • Biodegradability and methane production from secondary paper and pulp sludge: effect of fly ash and modeling

    The effect of fly ash on biodegradability and methane production from secondary paper and pulp sludge, including its modeling, was evaluated. Three tests with fly ash concentrations of 0, 10 and 20 mg/L were evaluated at 32 °C. Methane production was modeled using the modified Gompertz equation. The results show that the doses used produce a statistically significant increase of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Implementation of CFD modeling in the performance assessment and optimization of secondary clarifiers: the PVSC case study

    The water industry and especially the wastewater treatment sector has come under steadily increasing pressure to optimize their existing and new facilities to meet their discharge limits and reduce overall cost. Gravity separation of solids, producing clarified overflow and thickened solids underflow has long been one of the principal separation processes used in treating secondary effluent. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A Tale of Two Streams: Chemical and Physical Characteristics of Secondary Tributaries in an Arid Urban Watershed and Potential Impacts on a Main Stem River

    Since 1998 South Platte Coalition for Urban River Evaluation (SPCURE) has studied the Denver, Colorado, urban watershed. The studies have focused on the main stem of the South Platte River. There has always been concern that the tributaries may impact the main stem but there have been limited resources to study the problem. In the Spring of 2004 an opportunity occurred because of a John H. Ware ...

  • Beginner�s Guide to Biological Treatment of Water

    Water treatment systems make safe and civilized life possible for people of all ages. Access to clean, reliable, and safe water is one of the first building blocks of a good social system. That is why experts have developed advanced and reliable ways to remove harmful substances from the water supply, including fecal matter, bacteria, arsenic, and other dangerous or even poisonous matter.   ...

  • Municipal waste water treatment plant case study

    A municipal WWTP in the North of England was experiencing significant problems with accumulations of FOG in the Wetwell at the head of the treatment plant. The FOG would form a solid cap over the well several feet thick. This put considerable strain on the pumping gear, interrupted the performance of the float switches and required regular manual intervention from the staff. High costs were also ...


    By Cleveland Biotech Ltd.

  • Advanced Water Treatment Technologies May Bring Purified Water to San Diego

    'In four years, half of San Diego may be filling its glasses with tap water that once ran through its toilets,' reported the San Diego Union-Tribune recently. A plan to mix 'repurified water' with the City's raw drinking water reservoir could become a reality, thanks to the wonders of water treatment technology. Such a possibility elicits various reactions including disgust, marvel and fear. ...

  • For Municipal Wastewater and Water Treatment, Geotube Dewatering Technology Works - Case Study

    For municipal wastewater or water treatment facilities, efficient dewatering can be a challenge. Space issues, personnel, and cost are all considerations, and an operation may experiment with a number of techniques before finding one that works. But dewatering technology from TenCate Geotube is proving to be a simple, cost-effective solution. Geotube2 dewatering technology has been used for a ...

  • Ultrasound technology in water treatment: Algae control and reduction of biofilm formation

    Recent research projects have underlined the potential of ultrasound as a chemical free treatment in water-related applications. This article reviews the use of ultrasound produced by the LG Sonic technology, with a focus on wastewater, irrigation and aquaculture applications. Sound Sound can be described as mechanical energy transmitted by pressure waves in a material medium. Thus, sound can ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Other Treatment Technologies

    Reuse/Recycle: Recovery and reuse technologies for energetic materials, including both explosives and propellants, should be considered at explosives waste sites for several reasons. First, new recovery methods and potential uses for reclaimed explosive materials are rapidly developing. Second, recovery/reuse options reduce overall remediation costs by eliminating destruction costs and allowing ...

  • 2015 North American Water Treatment New Product Innovation Award

    Background and Company Performance Industry Challenges Tertiary and advanced wastewater treatment (WWT) is one of three stages in the cleaning of wastewater generated by the municipal and industrial sectors. Building on and improving upon the results of treatment through initial primary and secondary WWT stages alone, tertiary treatment is performed prior to waste ...


    By Frost & Sullivan

  • Integrating anaerobic processes into wastewater treatment

    Over the past decade, the concept of anaerobic processes for the treatment of low temperature domestic wastewater has been introduced. This paper uses a developed wastewater flowsheet model and experimental data from several pilot scale studies to establish the impact of integrating anaerobic process into the wastewater flowsheet. The results demonstrate that, by integrating an expanded granular ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Landfill Leachate Sources and Treatment Options

    What is leachate? In a lab, it is any liquid that extracts solids as it passes through matter. In a landfill, it is the water that enters the facility in a number of ways, passes through waste material on contact, contains a wide range of constituents, and must be addressed with a proper operations plan. Leachate treatment options and mitigation are one of the greatest costs for landfill ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

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